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Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna 2018 stamp of India.jpg
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna on a 2018 stamp of India
13th Minister of Finance
In office
28 July 1979 – 25 October 1979
Prime MinisterCharan Singh
Preceded byCharan Singh
Succeeded byCharan Singh
9th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
8 November 1973 – 29 November 1975
GovernorAkbar Ali Khan
Marri Chenna Reddy
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Personal details
Born25 April 1919
Pauri Garhwal, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India (present-day Uttarakhand, India)
Died17 March 1989(1989-03-17) (aged 69)
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Political partyBharatiya Lok Dal
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress and Congress for Democracy
Spouse(s)Kamala Bahuguna
ChildrenVijay Bahuguna (son)
Rita Bahuguna Joshi (daughter)
RelativesSaurabh Bahuguna (grandson)
Alma materAllahabad University

Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna (25 April 1919 – 17 March 1989) was an Indian National Congress leader and former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh; he later joined Bharatiya Lok Dal and worked with Charan Singh.

Personal life

He was born on 25 April 1919 in Bughani, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand in a Garhwali Brahmin family.[1] The family later moved to Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.[2]

Little is known about his first marriage. His first wife always lived in his native village Bughani as a simple village woman. His second wife, Kamala Bahuguna, lived with him in Allahabad and was mother of their three children:

Politics

Pre independence

Students Parliament

He studied in D.A.V. School and Messmore Inter College of Pauri Town. He passed 10th from Pauri and went to the Government Intermediate College in Allahabad in 1937 in the Bachelor of Science programme. He received an Arts degree in 1946.[2]

In jail

He was jailed as a part of Quit India movement from 1942 to 1946.[citation needed]

Post independence

Union Cabinet

In 1971, he was made State Minister for Communication in the Union Cabinet.

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh

In 1973, he was appointed as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India. However, his tenure was short and he was forced to resign by Prime minister Indira Gandhi in 1975.

Parting of ways with the Congress

In early 1977, when Indira Gandhi lifted the state emergency and called for new elections to the Lok Sabha, Bahuguna left the ruling Congress party of Indira and formed a new group called Congress for Democracy (CFD) with Jagjivan Ram and Nandini Satpathy. The CFD joined the Janata alliance to contest the elections. After the victory of the Janata alliance, Bahuguna joined the cabinet of Janata Prime Minister Morarji Desai as the minister of chemicals and fertilizers. In 1979, he became the Finance Minister under the short lived ( August - December 1979) Charan Singh administration. During his term, Indian economy went into the last recession of the 20th century. Real GDP growth fell by massive 5.2% in 1979 due to the global energy crisis. Bahuguna withdrew from the government and joined hands with Indira Gandhi in October 1979

In the January 1980 Parliamentary elections he won from Garhwal as Indira Gandhi's Congress(I) party candidate. But, he soon left the party and resigned his seat subsequently. He won the by-election for the seat in 1982.

1984 Lok Sabha Elections

He contested against the Congress candidate, Amitabh Bachchan, in 1984 Parliamentary elections from Allahabad constituency. Bachhan won the election by approximately 1,87,000 votes. Later his wife Kamla Bahuguna also stood for by-elections from Allahabad.

Electoral history

Death

Bahuguna fell ill in 1988 and flew to the United States for coronary bypass surgery. The surgery was unsuccessful and he died 17 March 1989 in a Cleveland hospital.

Legacy

References

  1. ^ "Big fight for Brahmin votes in Uttar Pradesh". Deccan Herald. 16 August 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Hemanti Nandan Bahuguna". Pauri Garhwal Group. Archived from the original on 1 June 2007. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  3. ^ Kumar, Yogesh (24 January 2017). "Vijay Bahuguna's younger son Saurabh to take forward his legacy". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
Government offices Preceded by- Parliamentary Secretary for labour and industry of Uttar Pradesh 10 April 1957 – 17 November 1958 Succeeded by- Political offices Preceded by- Deputy Minister for labour and industry of Uttar Pradesh 17 November 1958 – 6 December 1960 Succeeded by- Preceded by- Deputy Minister for labour and industry of Uttar Pradesh 22 March 1962 – 26 August 1963 Succeeded by- Preceded by- Cabinet Minister for Finance of Uttar Pradesh 14 March 1967 – 2 April 1967 Succeeded by- Preceded by- State Minister for Communication of India 1971 Succeeded by- Preceded byPresident's Rule Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Akbar Ali Khan title/post previously held by-Kamalapati Tripathi Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh 8 November 1973 – 30 November 1975 Succeeded byPresident's Rule Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Dr M C Reddy title/post subsequently held by-Narayan Dutt Tiwari Preceded by- Cabinet Minister in the Department of Petroleum and Chemicals of India 1977 Succeeded by- Preceded by- Finance Minister of India 1979 Succeeded by-