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Institute for Plasma Research
Established1986 (37 years ago) (1986)
Research typeTheoretical & Applied research
Field of research
Plasma Physics
DirectorDr. Shashank Chaturvedi (from 5th Aug. 2016)
Staff700 (app.) (200 Scientists & Engineers)
LocationGandhinagar, Gujarat, India
23°05′52″N 72°37′34″E / 23.09778°N 72.62611°E / 23.09778; 72.62611
AffiliationsDepartment of Atomic Energy
Panoramic view of Institute for Plasma Research main building.

The Institute for Plasma Research (IPR) is an autonomous physics research institute in India. The institute is involved in research in aspects of plasma science including basic plasma physics, research on magnetically confined hot plasmas and plasma technologies for industrial applications. It is a large and leading plasma physics organization in India. The institute is mainly funded by the Department of Atomic Energy. IPR is playing a major scientific and technical role in Indian partnership in the international fusion energy initiative ITER. It is part of the IndiGO consortium for research on gravitational waves.[1]


In 1982, the Government of India initiated the Plasma Physics Programme (PPP) for research on magnetically confined high temperature plasmas.

In 1986, the PPP evolved into the autonomous Institute for Plasma Research under the Department of Science and Technology.

With the commissioning of ADITYA in 1989, full-fledged tokamak experiments started at IPR.[2] A decision was taken in 1995 to build the second generation superconducting steady state tokamak SST-1, capable of 1000-second operation.[clarification needed] Due to this, the institute grew rapidly and came under the Department of Atomic Energy.[3] The industrial plasma activities were reorganised under the Facilitation Centre for Industrial Plasma Technologies (FCIPT) and moved to a separate campus in Gandhinagar in 1998.[4]


The Institute for Plasma Research is located on the banks of the Sabarmati river in Bhat village of Gandhinagar district. It is approximately midway between the cities of Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar. It is 5 km from the Ahmedabad airport and 14 km from the Ahmedabad railway station.[5]

Remote campuses

Facilitation Centre for Industrial Plasma Technologies (FCIPT)

The Facilitation Centre for Industrial Plasma Technologies is a division of the Institute for Plasma Research working in industrial plasma technologies. The centre was set up in 1997 to promote, foster, develop, demonstrate and transfer industrially relevant plasma-based technologies to industries, thus enabling technology commercialization. The centre acts as an interface between the institute and industries. While working with the industry on industrial projects, FCIPT has maintained and improved its R&D strengths and, at the same time, has shown competence to work in an industrial manner.

It has national and international industries in its clients base such as Johnson & Johnson,ASP Ethicon Inc. USA, UVSYSTEC GmbH Germany, Thermax India Ltd., Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd., IPCL, Larsen & Toubro Ltd., NHPC Ltd., GE India Technology Centre Bangalore, BHEL, Triton Valves Ltd. Mysore, etc. and other organizations such as BARC, DRDO, ISRO, IIT Kharagpur, National Aerospace Laboratories, other CSIR labs, etc. Amongst the infrastructure FCIPT has a full-fledged material characterization laboratory with instruments such as Transmission Electron Microscope, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope with EDAX, Atomic Force Microscope, X-ray diffractometer, Spectroscopic Ellipsometer, UV-VIS spectroscopy, solar simulator, thickness profilometer, optical metallurgical microscope with phase analyser, full-fledged metallography laboratory, Vickers hardness tester, ASTM B117 corrosion testing setup, etc. Other infrastructure include electronics and instrumentation lab, process demonstration systems, etc.[6]

FCIPT has developed technologies related to waste remediation and recovery of energy from waste, surface hardening and heat treatment technologies such as plasma nitriding and plasma nitrocarburising, plasma-assisted metallization technologies using magnetron sputter deposition, Plasma-enhanced CVD for functional coatings on substrates, plasma melting, plasma diagnostics, space-related plasma technologies, etc.

Recently, ion irradiation induced patterning of semiconductor materials and amorphous solids has been a hot topic of research. To this end, a § Broad-beam ion sources are used to generate various patterns such as nanoripples or nanodots and are coated with silver for research in plasmonics.

Industries can directly contact FCIPT for their contract research needs, development of specialized plasma processing equipment and power sources, technology development, application development, material characterization services, etc.

Center of Plasma Physics - Institute for Plasma Research (CPP-IPR)


Founder of CPP-IPR Prof. S. Bujarbarua

In pursuance of the national policy recognising plasma physics as one of the thrust areas of present-day research, the government of Assam established the Centre of Plasma Physics in 1991 as an autonomous research institute to pursue basic research in theoretical as well as experimental plasma physics and its related areas. The Centre of Plasma Physics was an autonomous research institute under the Education (Higher) Department of the government of Assam.[7] The centre started functioning in April 1991 in a rented house located at Saptaswahid Path, Dispur, Guwahati. The Governing Council of the centre consists of four eminent scientists of the country with representatives from the Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Bombay and Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Calcutta; top-level state government officers and some local members. The first chairman of the Governing Council was Professor Predhiman Krishan Kaw (died June 18, 2017,[8] of Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar), a world-renowned plasma scientist who took keen interest for the all-round development of the centre. After the expiry of its three years' term, the Governing Council of the centre was reconstituted by the Education Department with Prof. A.C. Das, Dean of Physical Research Laboratory as its chairman. The founding director of the centre, Prof. Sarbeswar Bujarbarua, is a distinguished plasma scientist of the country and a recipient of the `Vikram Sarabhai Research Award' in 1989 and Kamal Kumari National Award[9] in 1993.

Over the last few years after its formation, the centre has taken up several theoretical investigations in fundamental plasma processes such as nonlinear phenomena, instabilities, dusty plasma and has set up facilities for conducting basic plasma physics experiments. Funds are available from several central government agencies (e.g. the Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology), the centre has taken up experimental programmes in the frontline areas of plasma physics, such as dense plasma focus and dusty plasma. During the last seven years the centre has published more than 50 original research papers in standard international journals. The scientists of the centre are working in close collaboration with national and international institutes like the Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar; Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad; Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay; Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar; Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Calcutta, Kyushu University, Japan; University of Bayreuth, Germany; Culham Laboratory, UK; and Flinders University, Australia, to name a few. The centre also runs a Ph.D. programme with students registering with Guwahati University. Another component of the academic activity of the centre consists of holding lecturers and colloquia on plasma physics and other branches of physical sciences.

The Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Sonapur, Kamrup, Assam, became a new campus of IPR as the Centre of Plasma Physics, Sonapur, was formally merged with IPR with effect from 29 May 2009. CPP-IPR is headed by Centre Director Dr K. S. Goswami and is managed by a Managing Board headed by the director of IPR. It has at present twelve faculty members, fourteen other staff and a number of research scholars and project scientists. The theoretical and experimental research is oriented towards basic plasma physics as well as programs that complement the major programmes at IPR.


The institute's campus is at Nazirakhat, Sonapur, about 32 km from Guwahati, the headquarters of the Kamrup(M) district of Assam. Nazirakhat is a rural area surrounded by peace-loving people of diverse caste, religion and language; yet it presents the unique feature of unity in diversity. Nazirakhat is linked by a PWD road from the National Highway No. 37. It is about 800 metres from NH-37. Nazirakhat is linked by road with the rest of the state and the country. The institute is surrounded by greenery and it is near the Air-India flying base at Sonapur.

A waterfall near the campus
Another view of the water fall near campus


Several research papers have been published after the establishment of the institute in journals like Phys. Scr.,[10] Phys. Lett. A,[11] Phys. Rev. Lett.[12] and so on [13]


The Centre of Plasma Physics - Institute for Plasma Research has active collaboration with the following institutes and universities:

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay; Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore; Institute for Plasma Research, Gandinagar; IPP, Juelich, Germany; IPP, Garching, Germany; Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan; Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad; National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Bhubaneswar; Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany; Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Calcutta; St. Andrews University, UK; Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Tokyo; University of Bayreuth, Germany; and University of Kyoto, Japan.

Awards and recognition


ITER will be built mostly through in-kind contributions from the participant countries (Parties) in the form of components manufactured by the Parties and delivered/installed at ITER.

ITER-India [1] is the Indian Domestic Agency (DA), formed with the responsibility to provide to ITER the Indian contribution. [16]

See also


  1. ^ "Gravitational Waves Detection: How Indian Institutes Pitched in With Research". Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 February 2006. Retrieved 3 March 2006.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^[dead link]
  4. ^ "History of the Institute". Institute for Plasma Research. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007.
  5. ^ "Location". Institute for Plasma Research. Archived from the original on 4 May 2007.
  6. ^ "About Us". Institute for Plasma Research. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011.
  7. ^ List of institutions of higher education in Assam
  8. ^ "Staff Page, Institute for Plasma Research". Institute for Plasma Research. 1 February 2010. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
  9. ^ Hueiyen News Service (20 April 2009). "Syam Sharma selected for Kamal Kumari Award". New Delhi: Retrieved 31 December 2009.
  10. ^ Saikia, Bipul J; Nambu, Mitsuhiro (1 January 1999). "Plasma–maser Instability in Magnetized Dusty Plasma". Physica Scripta. IOP Publishing. 59 (1): 62–65. Bibcode:1999PhyS...59...62S. doi:10.1238/physica.regular.059a00062. ISSN 0031-8949. S2CID 250859263.
  11. ^ Nambu, M.; Saikia, B.J.; Gyobu, D.; Sakai, J.I. (1999). "Nonlinear plasma maser driven by electron beam instability". Physics Letters A. Elsevier BV. 252 (3–4): 198–204. Bibcode:1999PhLA..252..198N. doi:10.1016/s0375-9601(98)00944-x. ISSN 0375-9601.
  12. ^ D. Sarmah and S. Sen: Axial flow and Rayleigh-Taylor instability, Phys. Rev. Lett. (1999). Communicated.
  13. ^ See the list of publications
  14. ^ List of people who got the award
  15. ^ List of people who got the award
  16. ^ "ITER-India".