Gandhi Jayanti
Gandhi in London, 1931
Observed byIndia
TypeNational
SignificanceHonours Mahatma Gandhi's role in Indian Independence.
ObservancesCommunity, historical celebration
Date2 October
FrequencyAnnual
Related toInternational Day of Non-Violence
Republic Day
Independence Day

Gandhi Jayanti is an event celebrated in India to mark the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. It is celebrated annually on 2 October, and is one of the three national holidays of India. The UN General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence as he was a non-violent freedom fighter. He is also known as the "Father of The Nation" and this title was given to him by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose for his relentless struggles for independence.[1]

Commemoration

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated yearly on 2 October.[2] It is a national holiday, observed in all of its states and territories. Gandhi Jayanti is marked by prayer services and tributes all over India, including at Gandhi's memorial, Raj Ghat, in New Delhi where he was cremated. Popular activities include prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies in different cities by colleges, local government institutions and socio-political institutions. Gandhi Jayanti Speech, Painting, Essay and Mahatma Gandhi quiz competitions are conducted. On this day awards are granted for projects in schools and the community encouraging a nonviolent way of life as well as celebrating Gandhi's effort in the Indian independence movement.[3] Gandhi's favourite Bhajan (Hindu devotional song), Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram, is usually sung in his memory.[4] Statues of Mahatma Gandhi throughout the country are decorated with flowers and garlands, and some people avoid drinking alcohol or eating meat on the day.[5] Public buildings, banks and post offices are closed.[5] On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi started the Swachh Bharat Mission. Its second phase started on Gandhi Jayanti 2021.[6] On 2nd October 2022, world celebrated 153rd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi's 153rd birthday events

On Mahatma Gandhi's 153rd birthday in 2022, he was paid a number of tributes.

Notes

  1. ^ "UN declares 2 October, Gandhi's birthday, as International Day of Non-Violence". United Nations. 15 June 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Gandhi Jayanti: Who Is the Real Father of the World?". SA News Channel. 1 October 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Gandhi Jayanti". Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 15 April 2006.
  4. ^ "Several programmes mark Gandhi Jayanti celebrations in Mysore". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 17 February 2006. Retrieved 16 November 2006.
  5. ^ a b "Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India". Time and Date. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Towards a Swachh Bharat | Prime Minister of India". www.pmindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  7. ^ Suri, Ridhi (1 October 2022). "Gandhi Jayanti 2022: Date, History, Significance, Celebrations and all you want to know". www.indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  8. ^ "Gandhi Jayanti: PM Modi, President Murmu, UN chief pay tribute to father of the nation". The Indian Express. 2 October 2022. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  9. ^ Guterres, Antonio. "Antonio Guterres". Twitter.
  10. ^ "ANI on Twitter". Twitter.