Bohag Bihu
Assamese New Year
A group of Children performing 'Husori' during Bohag Bihu.
Observed byAssamese
TypeSocial, Cultural, Religious
SignificanceNew Year
Date1st Bohag (13/14 April)
Frequencyannual
Related toSouth and Southeast Asian solar New Year

Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu (Assamese: ব’হাগ বিহু বা ৰঙালী বিহু) also called Xaat Bihu (Assamese: সাত বিহু) (seven Bihus) is a traditional ethnic festival celebrated in the Northeastern Indian state of Assam and other parts of Northeastern India by the indigenous ethnic groups of Assam, and marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year. The festival is of mostly aboriginal origin comprising Tibeto-Burman and Tai elements. It usually falls in the 2nd week of April, historically signifying the time of harvest. Every year it falls on the 14th day of April.[1] The holiday unites the different native communities of Assam regardless of their backgrounds and promotes the celebration of ethnic diversity.

Rongali Utsav is a festival organised in Guwahati every year.[2][3][4] The festival showcases tribal culture of Assam to the world.[5][6][7][8]

In Assam locally the onset of 'Bohag' (Assamese Calendar) marks the starting of Rongali Bihu. The three primary types of Bihu are Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu, and Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu. Each festival historically recognizes a different agricultural cycle of the paddy crops.[9] During Rongali Bihu there are 7 pinnacle phases: 'Sot', 'Raati', 'Goru', 'Manuh', 'Kutum', 'Mela' and 'Sera'.

A group of 'Husori' for the occasion of Assamese 'Bohag Bihu' in their traditional attire.

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Why Rongali festival stands out as a platform for peace and diversity". The Financial Express. 14 April 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  3. ^ 李夏. "Rongali Bihu festival celebrated in Guwahati, India". www.xinhuanet.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  4. ^ "The Assam Tribune Online". www.assamtribune.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  5. ^ Gani, Abdul (6 February 2017). "Festival showcases tribal culture, food". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  6. ^ "'Rongali' in Assam brings forth the true ethnicity of the northeast region". www.aninews.in. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  7. ^ "Rongali set to rock Guwahati". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Festival Review: Rongali Festival, Guwahati, Assam -". My Site. 20 February 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  9. ^ "Days of Rongali Bihu - Rongali Bihu Days".