Bohag Bihu
Assamese New Year
Bihu dance হুঁচৰি.jpg
A group of Children performing 'Husori' during Bohag Bihu.
Observed byAssamese
TypeSocial, Cultural, Religious
SignificanceNew Year
Date1st Bohag (13/14 April)
Frequencyannual
Related toSouth and Southeast Asian solar New Year

Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu (Assamese: ব’হাগ বিহু বা ৰঙালী বিহু) also called Xaat Bihu (Assamese: সাত বিহু) (seven Bihus) is a traditional ethnic festival celebrated in the Northeastern Indian state of Assam and other parts of northeastern India by the indigenous ethnic groups of Assam, and marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year. The festival is of mostly aboriginal origin comprising Tibeto-Burman, Austro-Dravidian, Tai and Alpine elements. It usually falls in the 2nd week of April, historically signifying the time of harvest. Every year it falls on the 14th day of April [1] The holiday unites the different native communities of Assam regardless of their backgrounds and promotes the celebration of ethnic diversity.

In Assam locally the onset of 'Bohag' (Assamese Calendar) marks the starting of Rongali Bihu. The three primary types of Bihu are Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu, and Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu. Each festival historically recognizes a different agricultural cycle of the paddy crops.[2] During Rongali Bihu there are 7 pinnacle phases: 'Sot', 'Raati', 'Goru', 'Manuh', 'Kutum', 'Mela' and 'Sera'.

A group of 'Husori' for the occasion of Assamese 'Bohag Bihu' in their traditional attire.
A group of 'Husori' for the occasion of Assamese 'Bohag Bihu' in their traditional attire.

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Days of Rongali Bihu - Rongali Bihu Days".