Jur Sital
Maithil New Year
Aakhar Bochhor
Observed byMaithils and Tharus
SignificanceSolar New Year
CelebrationsFeasting, gifts
Date1st Baisakh (15 April)
Related toSouth and Southeast Asian solar New Year

Jur Sital or Maithil New Year is the celebration of the first day of the Maithil new year also called Aakhar Bochhor. Maithils eat bari with bhaat (steamed rice) on the day. This day which usually falls on 15 April on Gregorian calendar is celebrated by the Maithils and Tharu people of India and Nepal. This is also called Nirayana Mesh Sankranti and Tirhuta new year.[1] The festive occasion is in keeping with the Tirhuta Panchang calendar used in the Mithila region.

Origin and significance

The Maithili New Year follows the Nirayanam vernal equinox and falls on 14 April (may sometimes vary by a day) on the Gregorian year. 15 April marks the first day of the traditional Tirhuta Panchang.
Tropical vernal equinox fall around 22 March, and adding 23 degrees of trepidation or oscillation to it, we get the Hindu sidereal or Nirayana Mesha Sankranti (Sun's transition into Nirayana Aries).[2]

Hence, the Maithili calendar begins on the same date, with Baishakh as first month of the year. It is also observed by most traditional calendars in India as in Tamil Nadu, Assam, Bengal, Kerala, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Tripura and also in Nepal.[3]

Tharu people

In the south eastern Terai of Nepal, Tharu people celebrate Jur Sital (also known as Siruwa) on the first day of the year in the month of Vaisakha by sprinkling water on each other. The elders put water on the forehead and head of the young ones with blessing, while the young people put water on the feet of the elders to pay respect. Compatriots sprinkle water on each other’s body.[4][5]

Official significance

Maithili Calendar is the traditional Calendar of Mithila region of India and Nepal. After a long period of demand, Bihar government in 2011 declared this day as public holiday to be observed statewide. Officially, the Maithili New year day is called as Mithila Diwas by the Government of Bihar. Every year there will be holiday for Mithila Diwas on 14 April in the Indian State of Bihar on account of the great festival of Juir Sheetal.[6]


See also


  1. ^ "MITHILA PANCHANG". Angelfire.com. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  2. ^ Maithili Panchang, of Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University Published from Darbhanga
  3. ^ "Keeping Track of Time". Imsc.res.in. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Joorshital/Siruwa: A unique tradition of celebrating the New Year among Tharus in southern Nepal". Online Khabar. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  5. ^ टाइम्स, अन्नपूर्ण (13 April 2022). "JurShital". अन्नपूर्ण टाइम्स. Retrieved 29 January 2024.
  6. ^ "India (Bihar) - bank and public holidays of the world - 1970-2070". Bank-holidays.com. Retrieved 15 January 2019.