Bhogi fire at Sri Balakrishna Towers, Gorantla, Guntur
Official nameBhogi
Also calledBhōgi, Lōhri
Observed byHindus in North India, South India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia[1]
TypeSeasonal, traditional
SignificanceMidwinter festival
DateLast day of Agrahayana month of Hindu calendar
Related toMakar Sankranti
Bihu (Bhogali / Magh / Bhogi in Tamil,Telugu)

Bhogi (Kannada: ಭೋಗಿ,Telugu: భోగి,Tamil: போகி) is the first day of the four-day Pongal festival. It falls on last day of Agrahāyaṇa or Mārgaśīrṣa month of Hindu Solar Calendar, which is 13 January by the Gregorian calendar. It is the day before Makar Sankranti, celebrated widely in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.[2][3]

an Kaappu Kattu Tradition in Kongu Nadu houses.

On Bhogi, people discard old and derelict things and concentrate on new things causing change or transformation. At dawn, people light bonfires with logs of wood, other solid-fuels, and wooden furniture at home that are no longer useful. This marks the end of the year's accounts and the beginning of new accounts on the first day of the harvest on the following day. Lord Indra is worshipped during the Pongal festival for the blessing of rains.[4][5][6]

Kaappu Kattu, a tradition of tying leaves of Azadirachta indica, Senna auriculata, Aerva lanata in the roofs of houses and residential areas is practiced in Kongu Nadu.[7][8][9]

In Maharashtra, people eat roti made of Bajra sprinkled with til and mix vegetable gravy which includes palak, carrot, peas, green chana, papdi, etc.

See also


  1. ^ Dhoraisingam, Samuel S. (2006). Peranakan Indians of Singapore and Melaka: Indian Babas and Nonyas—Chitty Melaka. ISBN 9789812303462.
  2. ^ "Bhogi 2022: What Bhogi Means? How Is It Celebrated?". Sakshi Post. 11 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  3. ^ Srih, Sri Sri Rangapriya Sri (23 March 2019). Festivals of Bharata. Bharatha Samskruthi Prakashana. ISBN 978-93-89028-69-0.
  4. ^ "About Bogi Festival | Bhogi Festival | Bhogi Celebrations". 1 January 2017.
  5. ^ "bhogi pandigai: Bhogi Pandigai 2022: Check date, time & significance of Bhogi Pandigai". The Times of India. 13 January 2022.
  6. ^ Murthy, Neeraja (13 January 2020). "Citizens speak about the change they would want to see this Bhogi". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  7. ^ ஆர்.குமரேசன். "காப்புக் கட்டு என்பது வெறும் சடங்கல்ல... ஆதித் தமிழனின் மருத்துவ அறிவு!". (in Tamil). Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  8. ^ Raji (13 January 2020). "போகி பொங்கல் அன்று வீட்டு வாசலில் காப்பு கட்டும் பழக்கம் எதற்காக வந்தது என்று உங்களுக்கு தெரியுமா?". Dheivegam (in Tamil). Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  9. ^ "போகிப்பண்டிகை.. காப்பு கட்ட உகந்த நேரம்.. இந்நாள் ஏன் ஸ்பெஷல்?". Seithipunal. Retrieved 14 January 2023.