Sankranti (Sanskrit: सङ्क्रान्ति, romanizedSaṁkrānti) refers to the transmigration of the sun from one zodiac to another in Indian astronomy. In Saurmana varsha (Hindu Solar year), there are twelve Sankrantis corresponding with twelve months of a year.[1] The Sankrantis can be broadly classified into four main categories: Ayan (Solstice), Vishuva (Equinox), Vishnupadi and Shadshitimukhi sankrantis.[1]

Each Sankranti is marked as the beginning of a month in the sidereal solar calendars followed in South Indian states: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka; Himalayan states: Jammu region, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, North Punjab and states of Eastern India: Odisha, Mithila region of Bihar and Nepal. On the other hand, in the sidereal solar Bengali calendar and Assamese calendar, a Sankranti is marked as the end of each month and the day following as the beginning of a new month.

Important Sankrantis

See also


  1. ^ a b "Sankranti 2021: Complete list of dates, tithi, and importance". India Today. Retrieved 2024-02-19. According to the Hindu calendar, there are a total of twelve Sankranti in a year. Furthur is divided into four categories which are known as Ayan, Vishuva, Vishnupadi, and Shadshitimukhi Sankranti.
  2. ^ a b James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 351–. ISBN 978-0-8239-3179-8.
  3. ^ "Festivals of Orissa - Dhanu Sankranti". Retrieved 24 December 2012. Dhanu Sankranti is celebrated on the first day of lunar Pousha month.
  4. ^ Qazi, S. A. (2005). Systematic Geography of Jammu and Kashmir. APH Publishing. ISBN 978-81-7648-786-3.
  5. ^ Ganhar, J. N. (1975). Jammu, Shrines and Pilgrimages. Ganhar Publications.