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Sant Dadu Dayal Ji
SectSant Mat
Founder ofDadu Panth
Religious career
GuruBharmanand Ji, Budhan Bhagwan
Literary worksDadu Anubhav Vani

Sant Dadu Dayal (Devanagari: संत दादूदयाल जी, Saint Dādūdayāl, 1544–1603) was a poet-saint from Gujarat, India, a religious reformer who spoke against formalism and priestcraft.


"Dadu" means brother, and "Dayal" means "the compassionate one".[2]

Early life

Dadu Dayal was born on 1544 in a Gaur Brahmin family of Ahmedabad city of Gujarat state (India).[3][1][4][5]

Teachings and legacy

Dadu Dayal was a spiritual man.[6] His work is known as Dadudayal ki Vani / Dadudayal -Ra Duha. He believed in God[7] because At the age of seven Kabir met him. After meeting with him, he uttered this speech:- Jin moku nij naam diya, soi Satguru hamaar | Dadu doosra koi nahin, Kabir Sirjanhaar |[8] His many compositions were to establish harmony between Hinduism and Islam.[9]

Dadu Dayal taught Ahimsa (non-violence) and vegetarianism.[10]


See also: Sampradaya, Parampara, and Akhara

Dadu Dayal later moved to Naraina, near Jaipur Rajasthan, where he gathered around himself a group of followers, forming a sect that became known as the Dadupanth.[11][1]

Dadupanthis are one of the 7 martial akharas of Vaishnavite sampradaya of Hindus.[12] Vaishnavism has following four major sects:[13]

Followers of Vaishnavism are also called Bairagi or Vairagi. Among the Bairagi, those who became part of the military akharas were organised in the 7 akharas founding dates of most of which are unclear. Each of the akhara accepted members from all 4 sects of vaishnavism. Bairagi military akharas generally did not follow the prohibition against eating meat or taking of narcotics.[13]

Dadu Anubhav Vani

Dadu's compositions in Braj language were recorded by his disciple Rajjab and are known as the Dadu Anubhav Vani, a compilation of 5,000 verses. Another disciple, Janagopal, wrote the earliest biography of Dadu.[11][14] Dadu alludes to spontaneous (sahaja) bless in his songs. Much of the imagery used is similar to that used by Kabir, and to that used by earlier Sahajiya Buddhists and Nath yogis. Dadu believed that devotion to God should transcend religious or sectarian affiliation, and that devotees should become non-sectarian or "Nipakh".[15] He has something to say about that:[16]

Dadupanthi Thambas

Dadu had 100 disciples that attained samadhi. He instructed additional 52 disciples to set up ashrams, 'Thambas' around the region to spread the Lord's word.

Dadu ji spent the latter years of his life in Naraiana, a small distance away from the town of Dudu, near Jaipur city.[17]

Five thambas are considered sacred by the followers; Naraiana, Bhairanaji, Sambhar, Amer, and Karadala (Kalyanpura). Followers at these thambas later set up other places of worship.

Dadupanthi Martial Akharas

Armed martial akharas were first likely formed by the Dadupanthi Guru Jait Sahib (1693 - 1734 CE) when he recruited armed Naga sadhus. In 1733, Dadupanthis were tax paying farmers in Jaipur State and martial Naga Sadhus were employed to enforce the payment of taxes. In 1793, Dadupanthis and Jaipur State had an agreement under which Dadhupanthis provided 5000 armed soldier sadhus to defend the Jaipur State. During the 1857 rebellion, Dadupanthis acted as mercenaries who helped British raj.

Prominent Dadupanthis

Present status

Dadupanth has continued in Rajasthan to the present-day and has been a major source of early manuscripts containing songs by Dadu and other North Indian saints.[11]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Dadu Hindu saint Archived 2 June 2022 at the Wayback Machine at Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Poet-saint Dadu Dayal". Archived from the original on 5 June 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  3. ^ Khan, Aakib. Complete Rajasthan GK (English). SI Publication.
  4. ^ "Dadu Dayal | Bharatkosh". (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 29 December 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  5. ^ Nindi Punj. Dadu Panth Religious Change & Identity Formation In Jaipur State James Hastings M. ( Thesis).
  6. ^ "Saint Dadu Dayal, the integrator". Free Press Journal. Archived from the original on 5 June 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Saint Dadu Dayal |". Hindu Scriptures | Vedic lifestyle, Scriptures, Vedas, Upanishads, Itihaas, Smrutis, Sanskrit. 23 November 2019. Archived from the original on 5 June 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Whom did God Kabir meet: Who has attained the Supreme God?". S A NEWS. 27 May 2020. Archived from the original on 23 May 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  9. ^ "दादू दयाल | भारतकोश". (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 29 December 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  10. ^ Asfari, Amin. (2019). Civility, Nonviolent Resistance, and the New Struggle for Social Justice. Brill. p. 102. ISBN 978-9004417588
  11. ^ a b c Callew 1987, pp. 181–190.
  12. ^ Dandekar 1987.
  13. ^ a b David N. Lorenzen, 2006, Who Invented Hinduism: Essays on Religion in History Archived 26 April 2023 at the Wayback Machine, Yoda Press, p.51-65.
  14. ^ Nayak 1996, p. 96.
  15. ^ Dadu on Realisation at Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Upadhaya 1980, p. 10.
  17. ^ "Temple Profile". Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 18 June 2021.