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Shree Nrusimha Saraswati
नृसिंह सरस्वती

1378 CE
  • Madhava (father)
  • Ambabhavani (mother)
PhilosophyAdvaita, Shri Gurucharitra tradition
Disappeared28 January 1459 (aged 80–81)
Disappeared in Kardali Vana near Srisailam, Vijayanagara Kingdom
(present-day Andhra Pradesh, India)

Shree Narasimha Saraswati Swami or Shree Nrusimha Saraswati Swami (श्रीनृसिंह सरस्वती, 1378−1459) was an Indian guru of Dattatreya tradition(sampradaya).[1] According to the Shri GuruCharitra, he is the second avatar of Dattatreya in Kali Yuga after Sripada Sri Vallabha.[2]


Shri Narasimha Saraswati[3] (birth name - Shaligramadeva or Narhari) lived from 1378 to 1459 (Shaka 1300 to Shaka 1380).[4] Saraswati was born into a Deshastha Brahmin family in Karanjapura, modern-day Lad-Karanja (Karanja) in the Washim district, which is a part of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India.[5] His father (Madhava) and his mother (Amba-Bhavani) initially named him Narahari or Shaligramadeva, with the surname Kale.

First Incarnation - Sripada Srivallabha

Shri Narasimha Sarswati[6] is considered to be the second incarnation of Dattatreya, the first Incarnation was Sripada Srivallabha, as per his blessings to Amba Bhavani, in her previous birth, Sripada Srivallabha had blessed her & he advised her to perform shiva pooja. Later he also told that he would be born to her in her next life as Narasimha Saraswathi to uphold the Sanatha Dharma in Kali Yuga. This instance has been well narrated from chapter 5 to Chapter 12 in the holy book Guru Charithra[7]

Guru Mandir Karanja-Birthplace

Shri Narasimha Saraswati/ Narhari was a quiet child, only speaks Aum (Om Hinduism sacred word) since their birth. This led his parents to worry about his speech ability; however, Narahari showed through hand gestures that after his upanayana or munji (sacred thread ceremony), he would be able to speak. He started reciting the Vedas after his munja, which so impressed the Brahmins in the village that it was talked about, with senior learned Brahmins coming to him for learning.

Shri Narasimha Saraswati left home in 1386 at a tender age of 7 all alone and went on a pilgrimage to Kashi on foot. He took Sanyasa at Kashi from Old Sage Shri Krishna Saraswati. The second part of his name came from this guru, who eventually named him Shri Narasimha Saraswati. (This is a Sanskrit name.)

After becoming a Sanyasi, Narasimha Saraswati visited several holy places (tirtha) before returning to Karanja at the age 30 to meet his parents. He visited various places and stayed before settling in Ganagapura (Ganagapur)[8] (now in the state of Karnataka) for the last 20 years of his life.[9]

Towards the end of his life, Shri Narasimha Saraswati met with the Muslim king (Sultan) of Bidar, possibly 'Ala-ud-Din Ahmed Shah' of the Bahmani Sultanate, who was ruling the area at that time.[10]

Since his karma for that avatar had completed, thus he decided to take samadhi. He left for the forest of Kardali (Kardali vana near Srisailam). Saraswati took Nijanandagamana (निजानंदगमन) type of samadhi in 1459 for 300 years.[11]


The main events of Sri Narasimha Saraswati's life are given below. Possible years and dates are given according to descriptions of the lunar and stellar events calendar mentioned in the Shri GuruCharitra.[12]


Shree Narshimha Saraswati taught that the life of Brahmins was fully covered by the rules given in the old scriptures and the rules were to be strictly followed by the Brahmins in their daily lives in order to achieve happiness and, ultimately, moksha. He insisted that his disciples follow these routines.[13]


Many parts of Saraswati's life are told in the Shri GuruCharitra, written by Saraswati Gangadhar.[14][15][16]


Saraswati's house where he was born is located in Karanja Lad. Although the house is no longer in the original shape, some parts remain and have been converted into a temple.[17]


  1. ^ Shri Dattatreya Dnyankosh by Dr. P. N. Joshi (Shri Dattateya Dnyankosh Prakashan, Pune, 2000)
  2. ^ "Sree Nrusimha Saraswati Swamy | Sree Datta Vaibhavam".
  3. ^ "Narasimha Saraswati". My Dattatreya. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  4. ^ Shri Narasimha Saraswati (Karanja) page with Shri Guru Charitra.
  5. ^ "Gurumandir Temple".
  6. ^ Marathi, TV9 (4 January 2022). "Gurucharitra | जन्मानंतर लगेच ॐचा जप, नरहरी म्हणून प्रसिद्ध जाणून घ्या श्रीनृसिंह सरस्वती स्वामींची संपूर्ण माहिती". TV9 Marathi (in Marathi). Retrieved 26 February 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ "Shri GuruCharitra (English) | Guru | Shiva". Scribd. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  8. ^ "Ganagapur". Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Shri Guru Charitra". Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Marathi Vishwakosh (मराठी विश्वकोश)". 4 July 2019.
  11. ^ Akkalkot Niwasi Shree Swami Samarth (Shri Narasimha Saraswati) Complete Biography
  12. ^ Bharatiya Itihas Sanshodhan Mandal trimonthly 9.4 (Gurucharitratil Aitihasik Mahiti, J. S. Karandikar) pp.6-16; Maharashtramahodayacha Purvaranga: N.S.K. Gadre, pp.68
  13. ^ Shri Narasimha (Nrusimha) Saraswati (Karanja) page with Brief life history of Shri Gurumaharaj.
  14. ^ Shri GuruCharitra (Sri Gurucharitra) (new, abbreviated version) online
  15. ^ Shri GuruCharitra (Sri GuruCharitra) see point 2 on this page to see the difference between modern and old Shri Guru-Charitra
  16. ^ Sree Guru Charitra Complete online book in English by Acharya Ekkirala Bharadwaja.
  17. ^ Shri Gurumandir Sansthan, Karanja - Birthplace of Shri Nrusimha (Narasimha) Saraswati Swami Maharaj - Home Page of Gurumandir - a Lord Dattatreya Temple