A padayatra (Sanskrit: पदयात्रा, romanizedpādayātrā, lit.'journey by foot') is a journey undertaken by politicians or prominent citizens to interact more closely with different parts of society, educate about issues concerning them, and galvanize his or her supporters. Padayatras or foot pilgrimages are also Hindu religious pilgrimages undertaken towards sacred shrines or pilgrimage sites.[1]

Social causes

Gandhi on the Salt March, 1930

Mahatma Gandhi originated the padayatra with his famous Salt March to Dandi in 1930. In the winter of 1933–34, Gandhi went on a countrywide padayatra against untouchability.[2] Later, Gandhian Vinoba Bhave also started a padayatra, which was part of his Bhoodan movement in 1951. Starting from the Telangana region, Bhave concluded his padayatra at Bodh Gaya.[3] On 6 January 1983, Chandra Shekhar started his padayatra from Kanyakumari and continued his 4,260 kilometres (2,650 mi) journey to Raj Ghat in Delhi till 25 June 1983 to understand the problems of the masses.[4]

Puthan Veetil Rajagopal, in Janadesh 2007, led 25,000 landless peasants on a 28-day march from Gwalior to Delhi.[5] In 1986, Ramon Magsaysay Award winner Rajendra Singh started padayatras through villages of Rajasthan, promoting construction and revival of johads and check dams.[6]

Political purpose

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Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy did a three-month-long padayatra covering 1,475 km (917 mi), meeting people across several districts of Andhra Pradesh. He led his party to victory in the following general elections held in 2004 to become the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, which included Telangana also.

The YSRCP chief Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy launched his Padayatra named ‘Praja Sankalpa Yatra’ at RK Valley in his native Kadapa district after paying homage at the grave of his father. YSR Congress party coined a slogan “Raavali Jagan, Kaavali Jagan” (Jagan should come. We want Jagan) for the foot march that took to him across 125 Assembly segments in 13 districts of the state in 430 days. This Yatra was started on November 6, 2017 and ended on January 9, 2019.[citation needed]

The Indian National Congress, under the leadership of Rahul Gandhi, started Bharat Jodo Yatra, a padyatra on September 7, 2022 in Kanniyakumari at the tip of the Indian peninsula. This foot march will cover about 3,570 km in around five months. It will move across 12 States and two Union Territories, and shall end in Kashmir. [7]

Religious causes

The warkaris from the Maharashtra state of western India practice a regular walk to religious places like Dehu, Alandi and Pandharpur. Ashadhi Ekadashi , Kartiki Ekadashi, Maghi Ekadashi and Chaitra Ekadashi are some of the popular days when pilgrims reach Pandharpur to worship Vithoba.[8]

The Tri-Nation Ahimsa Yatra

Main article: Mahashraman

Acharya Mahashraman, the 11th Acharya of Terapanth Dharmasangha, started his Tri-Nation Ahimsa Yatra in 2014 to advance the cause of non-violence with the aim of promoting harmony and brotherhood, escalating moral values and movement towards de-addiction. It is an endeavor to awaken a new faith in the infinite power of non-violence. He covered more than 50,000 km (31,000 mi) on foot, travelling 15–20 km (9.3–12.4 mi) daily on an average,[9] which covered three countries (viz. India, Nepal and Bhutan) and 20 states of India.[10]

The Ahimsa Yatra started from the Red Fort, New Delhi, in the year 2014, to Nepal in 2015 covering Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand, Guwahati in 2016 covering West Bengal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Meghalaya, and Nagaland, Kolkata in 2017 covering Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh, Chennai in 2018 covering Tamil Nadu and Kerala, Bengaluru in 2019 and Hyderabad 2020.[11][12][13]

On 28 January 2021, Acharya Mahashraman crossed the 50,000 km (31,000 mi) mark[14] and created a new history by marching through his holy steps.[11] In today's era full of material resources, where there are so many modes of transport, there are arrangements, still keeping the Indian Sage tradition alive,[14] the great philosopher Acharya Shree Mahashramanji is making a continuous march for public service.[15] Going by the figures, this Yatra is estimated to be 125 times bigger than Mahatma Gandhi's Dandi March[16] and 1.25 times more than the circumference of the earth.[17] It is also speculated that if a person undertakes such a Padyatra, he can travel more than 15 times from the northern end of India to the southern end or from the eastern end to the western end.[14][18]

Even before the start of the Ahimsa Yatra, Acharya Shree Mahashramanji had traveled about 34,000 km (21,000 mi) on foot for the purpose of self-welfare.[14] He has visited Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Pondicherry, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh and traveled to Nepal and Bhutan to inspire people to walk on the path of virtue by training meditation, yoga etc., it also paved the way for the sophistication of their misdeeds.[19] Acharya Shree, who emphasized on change of heart, also trained the public through various seminars, workshops during his visit.With his inspiration, millions of people irrespective of caste, religion and class have accepted the pledge of goodwill, morality and de-addiction in this long non-violence journey.[14][10]

See also


  1. ^ History of Padyatra Archived 2012-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Ramachandra Guha (8 November 2005). "Where Gandhi Meets Ambedkar". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012.
  3. ^ David R. Syiemlieh (2005). Reflections From Shillong: Speeches Of M.M. Jacob. Daya Books. p. 135. ISBN 8189233297. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  4. ^ Manisha (2010). Profiles of Indian Prime Ministers. Mittal Publications. pp. xxi. ISBN 978-8170999768. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  5. ^ Laxmi Prasanna (28 July 2017). "Activist PV Rajagopal to constitute taskforce in Kerala to ensure land for landless | Thiruvananthapuram News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  6. ^ "The water man of Rajasthan". Frontline, Volume 18 - Issue 17. 18–31 August 2001.
  7. ^ "Discovery of Congress: On Bharat Jodo Yatra". The Hindu. 8 September 2022.
  8. ^ Asghar Ali Engineer (2008). Sufism and Inter-Religious Understanding. Pinnacle Technology. ISBN 978-1618201683. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  9. ^ "Mysuru to host Terapanth acharya after 50 yrs". Deccan Herald. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  10. ^ a b गर्ग, ललि‍त. "अहिंसा यात्रा के प्रणेता आचार्य महाश्रमण". hindi.webdunia.com (in Hindi). Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  11. ^ a b "धर्म:आचार्य महाश्रमण ने 50 हजार किमी की पदयात्रा कर रचा इतिहास, अहिंसा की अलख जगाने कर रहे देश विदेश में पदयात्रा". Dainik Bhaskar. 29 January 2021. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Inspiring through exemplary lives". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  13. ^ "आत्मार्थी की परमार्थ की भावना से पचास हजार किलोमीटर की यात्रा". Thar Express News. 28 January 2021. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  14. ^ a b c d e "जैनाचार्य श्री महाश्रमण ने 50 हजार किलोमीटर की पदयात्रा कर रचा इतिहास". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Acharya Shri Mahashraman did 50 thousand km padyatra". Hindustan 24. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  16. ^ "आचार्य महाश्रमण की 50 हजार किमी की पदयात्रा पूरी, नशामुक्ति और अहिंसा के लिए यात्रा". Daily Chhattisgarh News. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  17. ^ Bhatnagar, Rajesh (29 January 2021). "आचार्य महाश्रमण ने 50 हजार किमी पदयात्रा कर रचा नया इतिहास". Patrika. Archived from the original on 30 January 2021. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  18. ^ "आचार्यश्री महाश्रमण ने 50 हजार किमी की पदयात्रा कर रचा इतिहास, जगाई अहिंसा की अलख". Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  19. ^ Rounak (28 January 2021). "आचार्य श्री महाश्रमण ने 50000 किलोमीटर की पदयात्रा कर रचा एक इतिहास, भारत के 23 राज्यों, नेपाल व भूटान में जगाई अहिंसा की अलख". jantaserishta.com (in Hindi). Retrieved 30 January 2021.