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Sabarmati Ashram
Hridaya Kunj in Sabarmati Ashram
Sabarmati Ashram is located in Ahmedabad
Sabarmati Ashram
Location in Gujarat
Sabarmati Ashram is located in Gujarat
Sabarmati Ashram
Sabarmati Ashram (Gujarat)
Former name
Gandhi Memorial Museum, Gandhi Smarak Sangralaya
Established10 May 1963 (memorial museum)
LocationSabarmati, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Coordinates23°03′36″N 72°34′51″E / 23.06000°N 72.58083°E / 23.06000; 72.58083
FounderMahatma Gandhi
ArchitectCharles Correa (memorial museum)
Prayer at Sabarmati Ashram on 30 January 2019

Sabarmati Ashram (also known as Gandhi Ashram) is located in the Sabarmati suburb of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, adjoining the Ashram Road, on the banks of the River Sabarmati, 4 miles (6.4 km) from the town hall. This was one of the many residences of Mahatma Gandhi who lived at Sabarmati (Gujarat) and Sevagram (Wardha, Maharashtra) when he was not travelling across India or in prison.[1] He lived in Sabarmati or Wardha for a total of twelve years with his wife Kasturba Gandhi and followers, including Vinoba Bhave. The Bhagavad Gita was recited here daily as part of the Ashram schedule.

It was from here that Gandhi led the Dandi March, also known as the Salt Satyagraha on 12 March 1930. In recognition of the significant influence that this march had on the Indian independence movement, the Indian government has established the ashram as a national monument.


Mahatma Gandhi's Visitor Room at Hridaya Kunj
Kunj, at Sabarmati Ashram

While at the ashram, Gandhi formed a tertiary school that focused on manual labor, agriculture, and literacy, in order to advance his efforts for the nation's self-sufficiency. It was also from here that on 12 March 1930, Gandhi marched to Dandi, 241 miles from the ashram, with 78 companions in protest at the British Salt Law, which increased the taxes on Indian salt in an effort to promote sales of British salt in India. It was this march and the subsequent illegal production of salt (Gandhi boiled up some salty mud in seawater) that spurred hundreds of thousands across India to join in the illegal production, buying, or selling of salt. This mass act of civil disobedience in turn led to the imprisoning of some 60,000 by the British Raj over the following three weeks. Subsequently, the government seized the ashram. Gandhi later asked the Government to give it back but they were unwilling. By 22 July 1933, he had already decided to disband the ashram, which had become a deserted place after the detention of so many. Then local citizens decided to preserve it. On 12 March 1930, Gandhi vowed that he would not return to the ashram until India had gained independence and Gandhi did not come back to Sabarmati ashram. Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948.[2]

Present day

Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya

The ashram now has a museum, the Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya. This had originally been located in Hridaya Kunj, Gandhi's own cottage in the ashram. Then in 1963, having been designed by the architect Charles Correa, the museum was built. The Sangrahalaya was then re-located into the well-designed and well-furnished museum building and was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India on 10 May 1963. Memorial activities could then continue.

Many buildings in the Ashram have names. There is a rich history of Gandhi's naming practices. At least some of the names of the buildings in the ashram, such as Nandini, and Rustom Block date back to the nineteen twenties, as is evident in a letter Gandhi wrote to Chhaganlal Joshi, the Ashram's new manager after Maganlal Gandhi's death in April 1928.[3]

Some of the names of the buildings and sites within the ashram are:

Vinoba Kutir

Museum features

Ashram activities

Charkha kept at Gandhi Ashram

Walking tours

With prior appointment from The Secretary, Gandhi Ashram Preservation and Memorial Trust, a walking tour can be organised. This 90-minute guided tour starts with a slide show and ends at the Library. The tour visits the following places:

Plaque at Magan Nivas
Front view of Magan Nivas


See also


  1. ^ "Ashram introduction". Sevagram Gandhi Ashram. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  2. ^ Gandhi, Mohandas. "Gandhi Ashram Official Website".
  3. ^ Venugopal Maddipati, Selfsame Spaces: Gandhi, Architecture and Allusions in 20th century India, PhD. dissertation, University of Minnesota,
  4. ^ "My Life is My Message Gallery".
  5. ^ Mandir, Magan. "Magan Niwas".
  6. ^ Niwas, Upasana. "Upasana Mandir".
  7. ^ Kunj, Hriday. "Hriday Kunj".

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