Rewa district
Location of Rewa district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Rewa district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Rewa, India): 24°33′N 81°17′E / 24.55°N 81.29°E / 24.55; 81.29
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionRewa
HeadquartersRewa
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesRewa
Area
 • Total6,240 km2 (2,410 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,365,106
 • Density380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy73.42 per cent
 • Sex ratio930
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 7, NH 27, NH 75
Average annual precipitationnormal mm
Websiterewa.nic.in

Rewa district is a district of the Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Rewa is the district headquarter. Rewa is sometimes called – 'Land of White Tigers' as the first White Tiger was discovered here in 1951 by Maharaja of the province, Martand Singh in the nearby jungle of Govindgarh. Rewa was the capital city of once a state – Vindhya Pradesh.

Geography

Rewa lies between 24° 18' and 25° 12' north latitudes and 81° 2' and 82° 18’.[1] The district is bounded on the north by Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by Sidhi, on the south by Shahdol, and on the west by Satna. Rewa district is part of Rewa Division and has an area of 6,240 km2.[2]

The Huzur, Sirmour and Mauganj tehsils lie between the Kaimur Range in the south, and the Binjh pahar in the north, and form what is known as the Rewa plateau or uprihar. To the north lies the Teonther tehsil which is quite different in its physical and other features from the plateau tehsils. The Rewa plateau decreases in height from south to north. In the south, the Kaimur Range rises to more than 450 meters above sea level, whereas the alluvial plain of Teonthor is just 100 meters above sea level. In the eastern side of Rewa some small cities and towns are there like Manikwar, Mauganj, Mangawan, Hanumana.

The district has a varied terrain that includes alluvial plains, hills, ravines, scarp, rivers, and water-falls. The rain-water of the district flows out along two tributary rivers of the Ganges, the Tons or Tamas and the Son.[1] The Bichiya River flows through the heart of Rewa city.

The Tamsa or Tons and its tributaries form waterfalls as they descend from the Rewa Plateau, including: the Chachai Falls (127m) on the Bihar River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Keoti Falls (98m) on the Mahana River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Odda Falls (145m) on the Odda River, a tributary of the Belah River, which is itself a tributary of the Tamsa, Bahuti fall on Chataniha river beside Misirgawan village, and the Purwa Falls (70m) on the Tamsa or Tons.[3]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901464,916—    
1911496,116+0.65%
1921480,318−0.32%
1931512,530+0.65%
1941586,544+1.36%
1951633,824+0.78%
1961772,602+2.00%
1971977,894+2.38%
19811,207,583+2.13%
19911,554,987+2.56%
20011,973,306+2.41%
20112,365,106+1.83%
source:[4]

According to the 2011 census, Rewa District has a population of 2,365,106,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[6] or the US state of New Mexico.[7] This gives it a ranking of 191st in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 374 inhabitants per square kilometre (970/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.79%.[5] Rewa has a sex ratio of 930 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 73.42%. 16.73% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 16.22% and 13.19% of the population respectively.[5]

Religions in Rewa district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
95.93%
Islam
3.61%
Other or not stated
0.46%

Hinduism is majority religion in Rewa district with 95.93% followers. Islam is second most popular religion of Rewa with approximately 3.61% following it. Christianity is followed by 0.08%, Jainism by 0.03%, Sikhism by 0.04% and Buddhism by 0.04%. Around 0.01% stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.26% stated 'No Particular Religion'.[8]

Languages of Rewa district (2011)[9]

  Bagheli (65.01%)
  Hindi (34.34%)
  Others (0.65%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 65.01% of the population spoke Bagheli and 34.34% Hindi as their first language.[9]

Governance

Rewa district, itself Rewa Lok Sabha constituency is divided into following 8 Vidhan Sabha (Legislative assembly) Constituencies:

  1. Deotalab
  2. Gurh
  3. Mangawan
  4. Mauganj
  5. Rewa
  6. Semariya
  7. Sirmaur
  8. Teonthar

Climate

Rewa has a humid subtropical climate, with cold, misty winters, hot summer and a humid monsoon season. Summers start in late March and go on till mid-June, the average temperature being around 30 °C (86 °F), with the peak of summer in May, when the highs regularly exceed 45 °C (104 °F). The monsoon starts in late June and ends in late September. These months see about 40 inches (1025 mm) of precipitation. The average temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the humidity is quite high. Temperatures rise again up to late October when winter starts, which lasts up to early March. Winters in Rewa are cold and misty with average temperatures around 15 °C (58 °F) and little rain. The winter peaks in January when temperatures may drop close to freezing on some nights. The total annual rainfall is about 1128 mm (44 inches).

Climate data for Rewa, Madhya Pradesh (1981–2010, extremes 1965–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
36.5
(97.7)
40.7
(105.3)
45.0
(113.0)
46.8
(116.2)
46.6
(115.9)
43.2
(109.8)
39.4
(102.9)
37.6
(99.7)
38.6
(101.5)
36.2
(97.2)
31.1
(88.0)
46.8
(116.2)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
27.0
(80.6)
33.1
(91.6)
38.6
(101.5)
41.1
(106.0)
38.8
(101.8)
33.3
(91.9)
31.8
(89.2)
32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90.0)
28.9
(84.0)
25.3
(77.5)
32.2
(90.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
10.8
(51.4)
15.6
(60.1)
21.1
(70.0)
25.6
(78.1)
26.8
(80.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.3
(75.7)
23.4
(74.1)
19.1
(66.4)
13.1
(55.6)
8.4
(47.1)
18.4
(65.1)
Record low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.6
(34.9)
6.4
(43.5)
11.6
(52.9)
16.5
(61.7)
20.1
(68.2)
15.2
(59.4)
20.3
(68.5)
10.2
(50.4)
9.0
(48.2)
4.4
(39.9)
1.9
(35.4)
0.6
(33.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.4
(0.69)
21.8
(0.86)
7.1
(0.28)
5.7
(0.22)
10.5
(0.41)
114.6
(4.51)
298.4
(11.75)
296.4
(11.67)
208.5
(8.21)
44.7
(1.76)
7.4
(0.29)
7.3
(0.29)
1,039.8
(40.94)
Average rainy days 1.5 1.7 0.8 0.5 1.2 5.3 12.6 12.4 8.3 2.2 0.5 0.6 47.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 58 51 36 28 31 49 72 77 73 60 60 61 54
Source: India Meteorological Department[10][11]

Divisions

Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh has 11 Tehsils

  1. Gurh
  2. Hanumana
  3. Huzur
  4. Jawa
  5. Mangawan
  6. Mauganj
  7. Nai Garhi
  8. Raipur - Karchuliyan
  9. Semaria
  10. Sirmaur
  11. Teonthar

Tourism

Historical Places

It is the main tourist attractions in Rewa.Behind it there are two rivers which provide the scenic beauty to the fort. The main gate of the fort is a good example of Indian architecture.It also provides accommodations to tourists. It have also houses a restaurant and a museum. The main sites to visit here are the canon, royal silver throne, museum hall’s chandelier, arms gallery and the white tiger gallery.

Govindgarh, the summer capital of Mahraja Rewa, is about 18 km from Rewa in Madhya Pradesh, India. The Rewa, with an area of about 13,000 m², was the largest princely state in the Bagelkhand Agency and the second largest in Central India Agency. The British political agent for Bagelkhand resided at Satna, on the East Indian railway. The Bagelkhand Agency was dissolved in 1933 and Rewa was placed under the authority of the Indore Residency.

This archaeological site has a great history to tell with the ancient Buddhist stupas that you will find here. Discovered in the year 1982, these stupas are said to be about two thousand years old and belonging to the Ashoka’s reign. You will find three large stupas carved out of clay bricks and several small stupas out of 46 different stones.

Deur Kothar also has five thousand years old rocky caves which are definitely very intriguing in their appearance. As an attempt to spread Buddhism in the Vindhyan region during the period of Ashoka, the remains of Lord Buddha were distributed to create these stupas. Deur Kothar is an archaeological site among the prestigious Rewa tourist places where followers of Buddhism have build stupas after this site was found.

Natural Wonders

The Falls are 200 feet high (nearly 67 m) and present one heck of a robust view. The falls are intense and an enormous volume of water falls every second. The Falls are on River Toans, descending the cliff of Rewa Plateau. However, the Falls gain or lose their majesty with season and are best to visit when the rains are in full swing.

For a pleasant time with family and friends in Rewa, visit the Keoti Waterfall. It is the 24th highest waterfalls in India and is a really popular tourist destination .The view from the falls during sunset and sunrise is something one shouldn’t miss during the trip. A great way to have some intimate time with loved ones. Keoti Waterfall is a place in Rewa that will blend you with the locals as it is usually crowded with people be it tourists or the localities.

Bahuti is the highest waterfall in Madhya Pradesh. It is on the river Sellar as it rushes down the edge of the Valley of Mauganj to join the Bihad River, which is a tributary of Tamsa or Tons River. It is near Chachai Falls. It has a height of 198 metres (650 ft).

Chachai falls are more than 130 meters in height and are situated on River Bihad, near Rewa, Madhya Pradesh. These falls are the second highest waterfalls in Madhya Pradesh and is counted amongst one of the highest single-drop waterfalls in India. It was once praised by former Indian Prime Minister Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru for its breathtaking charisma and beauty. However, that time is long gone as a river diversion has been constructed on this river, which splits all of the water of Bihad river in two halves, one for generation of Electricity at Toans Hydroelectric Power Plant and another half for irrigation in nearby villages, leaves absolutely no water for the waterfalls. The course of the river has been changed and since then, the waterfalls are dry, which flood once during the rainy season when excess water is discharged from the dam.

The first of the white tigers to be captured was a cub, approximately two years old, who was captured by Maharajah Martand Singh of Rewa. The tiger lived in captivity at the Maharajah's summer palace for five years and, on its death, was stuffed and sent as a gift to King George V as a sign of India's loyalty to the crown. To this day, white tigers are still kept at the Maharajah's summer palace which is located at Govindgarh.

There is a White Tiger Safari in Mukundpur which first opened in April 3, 2016.

Solar Power Plant

Rewa Ultra Mega Solar is an operational ground mounted, grid-connected photovoltaic solar park spread over an area of 1,590 acres (6.4 km2) in the Gurh tehsil of Rewa district.[12]

Economy

A limestone belt runs through the Rewa district and coal is found in the nearby districts of Shahdol, Umaria, Sidhi and Singrauli. Cement factories are located in nearby Naubasta, Bela (Satna district) and Bhagwar (Sidhi district). The Jaypee Group has built a township known as Jaypee Nagar in Rewa. Prism cement (previously Rasi Cement), operates near Rewa in Satna district.

In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Rewa one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640 districts in India).[13] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[13]

The 750MW Rewa Ultra Mega Solar plant, one of the largest solar power projects in India was commissioned in July 2018.

Transport

Railways: Rewa is connected to Satna through a 50 km Rewa-Satna Rail Line. Satna falls on the Mumbai Howrah main line via Allahabad. For state capital Bhopal and National capital Delhi there is daily train service from Rewa. Rewa Jabalpur intercity is also a good train for commuting between these two cities within single day.

Road: Main city lies where NH30 and NH39 interact with each other. It is connected with Jabalpur and Nagpur on one side and Prayagraj, Varanasi on the other side by four lane national highway. Sidhi and Shahdol districts are connected by two lane road. Daily bus service is available for major cities like Nagpur, Bhopal, Indore, Raipur etc.

Air: Closest major Airport to Rewa is in Prayagraj which is 130 kilometers (80.7 miles) away and has flights to major destinations such as Delhi, Bangaluru, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata etc. Other nearest airport is at Khajuraho. Rewa also has an air strip.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Rewa district". Rewa district administration. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  2. ^ "Rewa". mponline. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  3. ^ K. Bharatdwaj (2006). Physical Geography: Hydrosphere. Discovery Publishing House. ISBN 9788183561679. Retrieved 11 July 2010. ((cite book)): |work= ignored (help)
  4. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Rewa" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  8. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Madhya Pradesh". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Madhya Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ "Station: Rewa Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 667–668. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M128. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Electricity | District Rewa, Government of Madhya Pradesh | India". Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  13. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  14. ^ "एक्टर बनने के लिए छोड़ी इंजीनियरिंंग, अक्षय कुमार संग कैसे मिली फ‍िल्म? फ‍िल्मी है गौरव की कहानी". आज तक (in Hindi). 5 October 2023. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  15. ^ "Exclusive: 'बेटा, मैं करंसी पर ऑटोग्राफ नहीं देता', दिल को छू गई अक्षय कुमार की बात, 'मिशन रानीगंज' बन गई खास". News18 हिंदी (in Hindi). 6 October 2023. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  16. ^ up18news (20 January 2023). "Actor Gaurav Prateek's Inspiring Story, Jhansi Boy Work With Akshay Kumar In His Upcoming Movie: GP The Self Made Hero". Up18 News. Retrieved 8 January 2024.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)