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Palghar District
पालघर जिल्हा
View from Kosbad Hill, Dahanu, Thane - panoramio.jpg
Chimaji Appa Memorial 01.jpg
Jaivilas Palace, Jawhar.jpg
Sunset,Dahanu Beach - panoramio.jpg
JivDani,Virar - panoramio (31).jpg
Clockwise from top-left: View from Kosbad Hill, Chimaji Appa memorial at Vasai Fort, Sunset at beach in Dahanu, View of Virar from Jivdani Hill, Jai Vilas Palace in Jawhar
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 19°41′49″N 72°46′16″E / 19.697029°N 72.771249°E / 19.697029; 72.771249Coordinates: 19°41′49″N 72°46′16″E / 19.697029°N 72.771249°E / 19.697029; 72.771249
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionKonkan
HeadquartersPalghar
Government
 • BodyPalghar Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterAditi Sunil Tatkare
Additional charge
(Minister of State Mha)
 • President Z. P. PalgharNA
 • District CollectorMr. Dr. Manik Gursul (IAS)
 • CEO Z. P. PalgharNA
 • MPsRajendra Gavit
(Palghar)
Area
 • District Of Maharashtra5,344 km2 (2,063 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 Census)[citation needed]
 • District Of Maharashtra2,990,116
 • Density560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,435,210
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH
Vehicle registrationMH-04 (Thane RTO), MH-48 (Palghar District RTO)
Websitepalghar.gov.in

Palghar District (Marathi pronunciation: [paːlɡʱəɾ]) is a district in the state of Maharashtra in Konkan Division.[1]

On 1 Aug 2014, the State government of Maharashtra announced the formation of the 36th district of Maharashtra Palghar, it was partitioned out of the Thane district. Palghar District starts from Dahanu at the north and ends at Naigaon. It comprises the talukas of Palghar, Vada, Vikramgad, Jawhar, Mokhada, Dahanu, Talasari and Vasai-Virar. At the 2011 Census, the talukas now comprising the district had a population of 2,990,116.[2]

Palghar has an urban population of 1,435,210, that is 48% of total population is living in Urbanized Area. The district is bounded by Thana and Nashik districts in the east and northeast, and by the Valsad district of Gujarat state and the Dadra and Nagar Haveli district of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu union territory in the north. The Arabian Sea forms the western boundary, while the whole district falls inside of Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

History

Until 1 August 2014, the talukas now comprising Palghar District formed a part of Thane District. After a struggle and demand for almost 25 years, for bifurcation, the creation of the new district was approved by the Cabinet of Maharashtra on 13 June 2014 and the new district of Palghar came into existence on 1 August.

Geography

The district is the northernmost part of the Konkan lowlands of Maharashtra. It comprises the wide amphitheater like Ulhas basin on the south and hilly Vaitarna valley on the north together with plateaus and the slopes of Sahyadri. From the steep slopes of the Sahyadri in the east, the land falls through a succession of plateaus in the north and centre of the district to the Ulhas valley in the south. The distance from the parts of different palaces to headquarters Palghar by road is as follows: Khodala 138 km, Mokhada 112 km, Jawhar 75 km, Vikramgad 60 km.

The main river flowing through the district is the Vaitarna. The river has many tributaries; the most important of them are Barvi and Bhatsa, Pinjal, Surya, Daherja and Tansa. Vaitarna, the largest of Konkan Rivers rises in the Trimbakeshwar hills in Nashik district, opposite to the source of Godavari. The river flows across Shahapur, Vada and Palghar talukas and enter the Arabian Sea through a wide estuary off Arnala. Vaitarna River is 154 km long and has a drainage area that practically covers the entire northern part of the district. In Palghar many students come for studying from outer areas.

Ulhas river which flows to Arabian sea is Vasai creek, district's southern border.

Arnala Island is located in Vasai taluka, at the entrance to the Vaitarna estuary.

Climate

Palghar
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
0.6
 
 
31
12
 
 
1.5
 
 
31
15
 
 
0.1
 
 
33
21
 
 
0.6
 
 
33
24
 
 
13
 
 
33
26
 
 
574
 
 
32
26
 
 
868
 
 
30
25
 
 
553
 
 
29
25
 
 
306
 
 
30
24
 
 
63
 
 
33
23
 
 
15
 
 
33
19
 
 
5.6
 
 
32
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Indian Meteorological Department

Divisions

Palghar has an urban population of 1,435,210, that is 48% of total population is living in Urbanized Area. Palghar District comprises 8 talukas. The talukas, with their populations at the 2001 and 2011 Censuses [3] are as follows:

Municipal Corporations in Palghar District

Municipal Councils in Palghar District

Newly Formed Nagar Panchyats in Palghar District

Constituencies

There are six Vidhan Sabha constituencies in Palghar district, grouped into one Lok Sabha constituency; Dahanu (ST), Vikramgad (ST), Palghar (ST), Boisar (ST), Nalasopara and Vasai constituencies are part of Palghar Lok Sabha constituency. Rajendra Dhedya Gavit from Shiv Sena is the member for Palghar of the 17th Lok Sabha.

Demographics

Religion

Religions in Palghar district (2011)[4]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
87.05%
Islam
5.76%
Christianity
3.89%
Buddhism
1.59%
Jainism
1.03%
Other or not stated
0.68%

At the time of the 2011 census, Palghar district had a population of 2,990,116. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 2.91% and 37.39% of the population respectively.[3]

Languages

Languages in Palghar diatrict (2011)[5]

  Marathi (61.65%)
  Hindi (15.33%)
  Varli (6.12%)
  Gujarati (5.61%)
  Urdu (1.76%)
  Bhojpuri (1.75%)
  Marwadi (1.01%)
  Others (6.77%)

According to the 2011 census, 61.96% of the population spoke Marathi, 15.33% Hindi, 6.12% Varli, 5.61% Gujarati, 1.76% Urdu, 1.75% Bhojpuri and 1.01% Marwari as their first language.[6]

Transportation

The Western Railway network passes through Vasai, Palghar and Dahanu talukas of the district. The Western Express Highway (NH48) has passed through manor and chilhar for enter in Palghar district.

Economy

Palghar has India's first atomic power plant located at Tarapur. The industrial town of Boisar is also home to one of Maharashtra's largest industrial areas at Tarapur MIDC. Maharashtra's largest fishing port is Satpati; Dahanu, Arnala, Vasai and Datiware are also major fishing ports. Dahanu is best known for their chickoo production in the whole of India. A special Chickoo festival is held every year at Bordi beach in Dahanu.

MSEDCL supplies electricity to all urban and rural areas across the district. Gujarat Gas has been authorized in April 2015 to supply compressed natural gas and piped natural gas to all urban and rural areas across the district.

Tourist Places

The Vasai Taluka of Palghar district is a melting pot of Multi Cultural & Multi religious populace. The Portuguese footprints has left its cultural mix in this area. This taluka has about 9 big Churches built during 1564 AD. which are a great tourist attraction. The Buddha Stupa near NallaSopara West is also a great historic place. The Nirmal Lake is a sacred place in Vasai, which dates back to Shri Parshuram time. There are hill stations and beaches in the district which are the major tourist attractions. Some of the major tourist attractions are

  1. Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. Mahalakshmi Temple at Kasa(Dahanu)
  3. Dahanu Beach
  4. Bordi Beach
  5. Vasai Fort
  6. Tandulwadi Fort
  7. Jawhar Hill station
  8. Suryamal Hill Plateau
  9. Deobandh kendra
  10. Dabhosa Water fall(Jawhar)
  11. Arnala Fort
  12. Kelwa Beach
  13. Mahim Beach
  14. Mahim Fort
  15. Vajreshwari Hot water springs
  16. Ganeshpuri Temple
  17. Jiwdani temple (Virar)
  18. Kohoj Fort
  19. kelwa dam

See also

References

  1. ^ "Palghar becomes Maharashtra's 36th district". mid-day. 7 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Bangar named as the first collector of Palghar district". Business Standard. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". censusindia.gov.in.
  4. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  5. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue