Location of Boisar in Maharashtra
|District||Palghar (Earlier Thane)|
|• Type||State Govt, Municipal Council|
|• Body||Palghar Municipal Council (PMC)|
|• Lok Sabha Constituency||Palghar|
|• MP(खासदार)||Rajendra Gavit (Shiv Sena)|
|• Vidhan Sabha||Boisar|
|• MLA(आमदार)||Rajesh Raghunath Patil (Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi)|
|• Tehsildar||Maheyssh Sagar|
|• Total||8.90 km2 (3.44 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Boisarkar, Boisarean, Boisary|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
401 501 to 401 506
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MH|
|UN/LOCODE||IN BOM BOR|
Boisar is the largest industrial suburb in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was originally a part of the Thane district before becoming a part of the Palghar district. It is approximately 111 kilometers (69 miles) away from the state capital Mumbai, and is 98 km (61 mi) from the union territory Daman. It is located in the district Palghar in Maharashtra.
Boisar is governed by the Palghar Municipal Council (PMC). It is home to the largest Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC).
Boisar hosts India's first nuclear power station—Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS). It has a railway station in the Western Railway zone of Indian Railways as well as Mumbai Suburban Railway. The Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor will have a stop at Boisar.
In Boisar, Yashwant shrusti, Harmony residency and Ostwal like area's are well developed compared to other places of Boisar because of this the cost of flats and rooms is quite expensive.There are some beautiful park's and resorts. Boisar is industrial, chemical hub but IT sector is also developing in Boisar.
Boisar is a popular weekend spot for tourists and locals due to nearby beaches, forts and lakes. The place has seen rapid development due to:
A resident of Boisar is called a Boisarkar, Boisarean, or Boisary in Marathi, in which the suffixes "kar"', "ean" and "y" means "resident of" or "to belong to". Boisar is located within the Mumbai Metropolitan Region of Maharashtra.
Boisar city was part of the Rashtrakuta dynasty which had ruled the Deccan plateau between the 8th and 10th centuries. It was ruled by Ahmadnagar (1521–1594), the Portuguese Empire (1594), the Maratha Empire (1739–1818), the East India Company (1818–1857) and the British Raj (1857–1947). There are some forts near the city, such as Asava Fort (11 km), Tarapur Fort (11 km [6.8 mi]), Kaldurg Fort(174 km [108 mi]), Shirgaon Fort (18 km [11 mi]), Mahim Fort (20 km [12 mi]), and Asheri Fort (25 km [16 mi]).
Boisar was initially inhabited by the Kolis and Konkanis who were fish and used to live in the Arabian Sea coast. The Kolis are traditional fishermen who speak different dialects of Marathi.
The present Vanjari community of Boisar was part of the Indus Valley civilization and originate from Chittorgarh, Rajasthan. In the 15th century they served as a main grain trader, supplier and salesman in the Mughal army of Alauddin Khalji. They migrated to "Moradi" port (today "Murbe") to trade in Boisar because the British started the railway in 1853 which halted the grain trade. Their language is distinct from standard Marathi as it influenced by Rajasthani and Gujarati.
The Vadval community is located in Boisar, Tarapur. They are said to be the descendants of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri who escaped from the Muslims. They form one of the few Marathi-speaking communities which belong to Kshatriya varna but not the traditional 96-clan Maratha caste.
Boisar was town in Bombay state between 18th to 19th century. It was also city in the Thane district after the independence of India. Palghar district is the current district of Boisar from 1 August 2014.
Boisar encompasses an area of 8.90 square kilometres (3.44 sq mi). It is located at 19° 48' 13N 72° 45' 22E and has an average altitude of 45 ft (14 m) at the base of the eastern slopes of the Sahyadri. Boisar is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast, and is about 7.21 kilometres (4.48 mi) from the shores. It is close to Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Daman. People in and around Boisar use Marathi as a common language.
The two main rivers flowing through the city are the Surya and the Banganga (which has Betegaon Railway Bridge). Many small creeks are found all along the western coast villages like Kolwade, Kumbhavali, and Murbe where tidal waters flood upstream. There are dams such as the Surya Dam and the Devkhop dam.
Boisar has no natural lakes but it has artificial ones. The Babule Lake and Navale Lake near the city are known for lotus blooms in winter. The Kokner/Kokaner hot water spring is on the banks on the Surya river; the water is a murky greenish brown due to sulphur & chemical deposits from the spring.[relevant?]
Basalt and medium deep grayish black soil are found in the hill area and deep black soils are found in the basins of Surya river. Coastal saline soil occurs along the Arabian Sea. Other than basalt, minor minerals like murrum are found in the city.
According to the Köppen climate classification, the climate of Boisar is tropical, very humid, and warm because of the western coastal plains. The city experiences three main seasons and one transitional season. They are:
|Climate data for Boisar|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.1
|Average low °C (°F)||17.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||1
|Source: Boisar Weather By Month|
Census India 2011 reported a total of 20319 males and 15832 females and a total number of 4896 children below 6 years of age in Boisar. The clarify] is around 919 compared to the Maharashtra state average of 894. The literacy rate of Boisar is 88.49%, higher than the state average of 82.34%. The city has complete administration over 8,711 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within town limits and impose taxes on properties under its jurisdiction. Out of its total population, 14,372 are employed; 12,312 were males while 2,060 were females. In the census survey, a worker is defined as person who performs a job, service, cultivation, or labour. Of the 14372 people that were surveyed to be working, 89.32% were engaged in main work while 10.68% of total workers were engaged in marginal work.[
|Total Population||36151 (100%)|
According to the 2011 census, out of a total of 36,151 people in Boisar, Hindus (83.84%) constituted the majority of the city population. Schedule Caste (SC) constituted 4.82% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 1.76% of the total population. The official language of Boisar is Marathi but Hindi and English are also allowed to be used for any official purpose. Marathi is the most widely spoken language with Vanjari, Agri, Koli, Vadvali and Warli dialects. Small communities of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively. Marathi, Hindi, and English are compulsory languages in schools whereas Sanskrit and Urdu are optional.
Boisar residents celebrate Marathi, Indian, and Western festivals. Ganesh Chaturthi and Gokulashtami/Dahi Handi are popular festivals in the city. Some other festivals celebrated in the city are :
|Name||Hindu Calendar Month||Gregorian calendar Months|
|Marathi New Year (Gudi Padwa), Rama Navami, Hanuman Jayanti||Chaitra(चैत्र)||March–April|
|Akshaya Tritiya, Buddha's Birthday(Budha Purnima)||Vaisakha(वैशाख)||April–May|
|Naga Panchami, Narali Purnima(Coconut day), Gokulashtami/Dahi Handi, Pola||Shraavana(श्रावण)||July–August|
|Ganesh Chaturthi, Anant Chaturdashi||Bhadrapada(भाद्रपद)||August–September|
|Dussehra, Kojagiri Purnima, Lakshmi Pujan||Ashwina(अश्विन)||September–October|
|Balipratipada, Diwali, Bhaubeej||Kartika(कार्तिक)||October–November|
|Datta Jayanti, Sri Mahalakshmi Vrat, Christmas||Mārgasirsa(मार्गशीष)||November–December|
|New Year's Day Makar Sankranti||Pausha(पौष)||December–January|
|Rama Navami, Maha Shivaratri, Shiv Jayanti||Māgha(माघ)||November–December|
|Shiv Jayanti, Holi||Phalguna(फाल्गुन)||February–March|
Main article: Boisar railway station
There are schools and junior colleges in Boisar. Mmost of them are run by private individuals and trusts. The city's public school system and junior colleges are managed by the education ministry of the Government of Maharashtra. The schools and junior colleges are affiliated with the following boards:
|1975||P.l. Shroff College Chinchani||Public||Affiliated to Mumbai University||Graduate and Post-graduate||Arts,Science,IT and Management.|
|1984||Sonpat Dandekar||Public||Affiliated to Mumbai University||Graduate and Post-graduate||Arts,Science,IT and Finance Management.|
|2009||Theem College of Engineering||Private||Affiliated to Mumbai University||Undergraduate (Diploma) and Graduate||Engineering|
|2006||SAS Institute of Management Studies||Private||Affiliated to Mumbai University||Post-graduate||Management|
|2002||Dr M.L.Dhawale Memorial Homoeopathic Institute||Private||Affiliated to Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS)||(MD)Post-graduate||Medical|
|2002||AGS College of Education||Private||Affiliated to Mumbai University||(BEd) Graduate||Education|
|2009||Diwakar Patil College of Education||Private||Affiliated to Mumbai University||(BEd)Graduate||Education|
|Holy Cross Night Degree College||Private||Affiliated to Mumbai University||Graduate||Bachelor of Arts, Commerce and Science|
|2018||Diwakar Patil Private Industrial Training Institute(ITI)||Private||Affiliated to National Council for Vocational Training(NCVT)||Post School Courses||Industrial Training|
Boisar is home to two prominent research institutions: the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and the Agricultural Research Station.