Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency
Agency of British India
1944–1947
Baroda-gujarat.png

Map of the area of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency
Area 
• 1931
58,825 km2 (22,712 sq mi)
Population 
• 1931
8980811
History
History 
1944
1947
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Baroda and Gujarat States Agency
Western India States Agency
Bombay State
Saurashtra State
Kutch State
"A collection of treaties, engagements, and sunnuds relating to India and neighbouring countries"

The Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency was a political agency of British India, managing the relations of the British government of the Bombay Presidency with a collection of princely states.[1][2]

The political agent in charge of the agency resided at Baroda (Vadodara).

History

In 1937 the princely states of the Baroda Agency were merged with those of the agencies adjacent to the northern part of the Bombay Presidency, Rewa Kantha Agency, Surat Agency, Nasik Agency, Kaira Agency and Thana Agency, in order to form the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency.[3] On 5 November 1944 the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency was merged with the Western India States Agency (WISA) to form the larger Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency.[citation needed]

After the Independence of India in 1947, as India and Pakistan, the rulers of the princely states of the agency signed the Instrument of Accession and joined India. Only a few princely states such as Junagadh and (Bantva) Manavadar lingering over joining Pakistan.[4] Finally following the accession to India the territories managed by the agency were integrated into the following newly created states:

On 1 November 1956, Bombay State was re-organized under the States Reorganisation Act, absorbing various territories including the Saurashtra and Kutch States, which ceased to exist. Bombay State was split along linguistic lines in 1960, and some princely states which had formerly belonged to this agency became part of Gujarat and others of Maharashtra.[citation needed]

Residents at Baroda for Western India and Gujarat States Agency

Princely States

The number of separate princely states was above 250, but most were minor or petty states, some not even included here. Some of them had been integrated after 1940 during the 'attachment scheme' right before the creation of the agency; the largest one was Baroda State, which merged with Bombay State in 1949.[8]

Former Baroda and Gujarat States Agency

Former Baroda Agency

Salute state :

Non-salute states :

Former Rewa Kantha Agency

Salute states :

Non-salute states :

Major Mehwas
minor Mehwas (petty (e)states), in two geographical divisions

Sankheda :

Pandu (incl. Dorka estates) :

Smaller former Gujurati agencies

Former Kaira Agency : Salute state :

Former Nasik Agency :

Former Surat Agency :

Salute states :

Non-salute state :

Former Thana Agency : Salute state :

Former Western States Agency

Former Eastern Kathiawar Agency

Salute states :

Non-salute states :

Former Western Kathiawar Agency

Salute states :

Non-salute states :

former Banas Kantha Agency

Former Palanpur Agency

Salute states :

Non-salute states :

Former Mahi Kantha Agency
Salute states
Non-Salute states
Lesser Estates

The agency included as well a large number of estates belonging to Kolis and/or Rajput, formerly feudatories of the Gaekwar Baroda; several of the states paid tribute to Baroda, and some, being classed as non-jurisdictional thalukdars, were under British administration.

See also

References

  1. ^ List of Princely States of India
  2. ^ "Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency"
  3. ^ History of the State of Gujarat
  4. ^ Sadasivan, S. N. (2005). Political and administrative integration of princely states By S. N. Sadasivan. pp. 26, 27. ISBN 9788170999683.
  5. ^ The covenant, entered into by the rulers of Kathiawar States for the formation of the United States of Kathiawar.
  6. ^ International Law Reports vol. 50, 1950
  7. ^ Provinces of British India
  8. ^ "Princely States within the Rewa Kantha Agency (1901)". Archived from the original on 23 July 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2014.

Coordinates: 22°11′N 73°07′E / 22.18°N 73.12°E / 22.18; 73.12