Kingdom of Porbandar (1193–1307; 1785–1808)
Kingdom of Ranpur (1307–1574)
Kingdom of Chhaya (1574–1785)
Porbandar State (1808–1948)
1193–1948
Flag of
Flag
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Porbandar in a map of the Bombay Presidency
Porbandar in a map of the Bombay Presidency
StatusSovereign monarchy (1193-1808)
Princely state of the British East India Company (1808-1858) and British India (1858-1948)
CapitalPorbandar (1193-1307, 1785-1948)
Ranpur (1307-1574)
Chhaya (1547-1785)
Common languagesGujarati
Old Gujarati
Hindustani (Hindi)
Sanskrit
English
GovernmentSovereign Monarchy (1193-1808)
Princely State of the British East India Company (1808-1858) and British India (1858-1948)
Maharaja Rana 
• 10 December 1908-15 February 1948
Natwarsinhji Bhavsinhji (last)
History 
• Established
1193
1948
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Gurjara-Pratihara
Dominion of India
Today part ofPorbandar district and Junagadh district, Gujarat, India
Maharaja Bhavsinhji Madhavsinhji.
Merchant flag of Porbandar adopted by the Jethwa rulers of the kingdom showing the image of Hanuman from whom the Jethwas claim their descent.
Merchant flag of Porbandar adopted by the Jethwa rulers of the kingdom showing the image of Hanuman from whom the Jethwas claim their descent.
Hizoor Palace was built by last ruler of Princely State of Probandar, Rana Natwarsinhji, in early 20th century, stands near sear the shore at the Marine Drive in the city.
Hizoor Palace was built by last ruler of Princely State of Probandar, Rana Natwarsinhji, in early 20th century, stands near sear the shore at the Marine Drive in the city.

Porbandar State was a princely state during the British Raj ruled by Jethwa dynasty. It was one of the few princely states with a coastline.

The capital of state was the harbour town of Porbandar.[citation needed] Some other important towns of state were Bhanvad, Chhaya, Ranpar, and Shrinagar. Earlier Shrinagar served as the capital of Jethwas, then Ghumli served as the capital, but was lost to the Jadejas, however, architectural heritage built by them still stands at Ghumli.[1] During the British Raj, the state covered[2] an area of 1,663 square kilometres (642 sq mi), encompassing 106 villages and a population, in 1921, of over 100,000 people. It enjoyed a revenue of Rs. 21,00,000/-.

History

In 1193 Porbandar State was founded by an ancestral ruler expelled from Morvi State. In 1307 the state was renamed 'Ranpur' and in 1574 it was renamed 'Chhaya'. Finally in 1785 the state reverted to the name Porbandar. On 5 December 1809 it became a British protectorate and between 1886 and 15 September 1900 the state was administered by the Bombay Presidency. It was part of the Kathiawar Agency[3] from 1819 to 1922.[citation needed]

In 1888, during the reign of Vikramatji Khimojiraj, the State started metre-gauge railway called Porbandar State Railway, which after independence was merged in to Saurashtra Railway.[4]

Upon the Independence of India in 1947, the state acceded unto the dominion of India. It was merged with the 'United State of Kathiawar', effective from 15 February 1948 and eventually came to form part of the present-day state of Gujarat.[citation needed]

The grandfather of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of Indian independence movement, Uttamchand Gandhi and later his father – Karamchand Gandhi and uncle – Tulsidas Gandhi, served as Dewan to Rana of Porbandar state.[5][6]

Rulers

Porbandar State was ruled by the Jethwa dynasty of Rajputs.[7] By 1947, the rulers held the style of "Highness" and the title of "Maharaj Rana Sahib";[citation needed] they were entitled to a salute of 13 guns as a hereditary distinction.

Ranas

Maharaja Rana Sahib Shri

Administrators

Symbols

Flag

The flag is an elongated triangle in light orange with a purple variegated edge; near the pole, a red triangle with a double triangular red flag on its shaft, a long inscription in red.

Coat of Arms

The coat of arms features Hanuman. The crest is a bull, and supporters are two bisons. The motto was "Sri Vusubh dwujay numah" (I bow to the flag, whose sign is the bull)

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Volume 8, 1884
  2. ^ "Porbandar (Princely State)". www.maheronline.org. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Porbandar" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 100.
  4. ^ "Porbandar railway".
  5. ^ [2] Encyclopaedia of Eminent Thinkers: The political thought of Mahatma Gandhi By K. S. Bharathi
  6. ^ "Porbandar". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  7. ^ Rajput Provinces of India – Porbandar State (Princely State)

Coordinates: 21°37′48″N 69°36′00″E / 21.63000°N 69.60000°E / 21.63000; 69.60000