State of Patiala
1763–1947
Coat of arms of Patiala
Coat of arms
CapitalPatiala
Common languagesPunjabi (official)
Religion
Sikh
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy (1763 - 1947)
Maharaja 
• 1707 - 1765
Ala Singh Jat
• 1938 - 1947
Yadavindra Singh
History 
• Established
1763
• Disestablished
1947
Area
• Total
15.389 km2 (5.942 sq mi)
Population
• 1881[1]
1,467,433
• 1891[1]
1,583,521
• 1901[1]
1,596,692
CurrencyRupee And Paisa
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mughal Empire
Durrani Empire
Sindh
Bahawalpur
Ladakh
East India Company
Sikh Empire
Sindh
Republic of India
Today part ofIndia
Pakistan

Patiala State was a self-governing princely state of the British Empire in India, and one of the Phulkian States, that acceded to the Union of India upon Indian independence and partition.

Etymology

The state's name came from the name of its principal city and capital, Patiala, which itself comes from the roots patti and ala. The word patti means "strip of land" in Punjabi, and 'ala' comes from the name of the founder of the city and Patiala state, Ala Singh, thus meaning ‘the land of Ala Singh’ [2]

1946 map of India showing the various states; Patiala is found in the middle of eastern Punjab
1946 map of India showing the various states; Patiala is found in the middle of eastern Punjab

Brief history

Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala.
Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala.
The main gate of the Qila Mubarak.
The main gate of the Qila Mubarak.

In 1763, the Sikh confederation captured the fortress of Sirhind

Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala

Rulers

Maharaja Mahendra Singh of Patiala.
Maharaja Rajinder Singh of Patiala

The rulers of Patiala bore the title 'Maharaja-e Rajgan' from 1810 onward.[citation needed]

Maharajas

Raja-e Rajgan

Maharaja-e Rajgan

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Imperial gazetteer of India. Vol. XX Pardi to Pusad. 1908. pp. 40, 42.
  2. ^ Kaur, Roopam Jasmeet; Idris, Mohammad (2011). "The Development of Education in Patiala District (1948-2001): A Gendered Analysis". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 72: 1460–1470. JSTOR 44145757.

Further reading

Coordinates: 31°07′N 77°38′E / 31.117°N 77.633°E / 31.117; 77.633