Cambay State
ખંભાત
Princely State of Mughal India
British Raj
1730–1948
Flag of Cambay
Flag
Coat of arms of Cambay
Coat of arms
Kaira Agency Cambay State in Gujarat during British India.svg

Cambay State in modern state of Gujarat
Area 
• 1901
906 km2 (350 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
75,122
History
Government
 • Motto"Dar Babi Farhat"
(This is the Gate of Joy).
History 
• Established
1730
1948
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mughal Empire
India
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cambay". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Map of Cambay State
Map of Cambay State
Mu´min Khan, Nawab of Cambay.
Mu´min Khan, Nawab of Cambay.

Cambay, Kambay or Khambhat was a princely state during the British Raj. The City of Khambat (Cambay) in present-day Gujarat was its capital. The state was bounded in the north by the Kaira district and in the south by the Gulf of Cambay.

Cambay was the only state in the Kaira Agency of the Gujarat division of the Bombay Presidency, which merged into the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency in 1937.

History

Cambay was founded as a state in 1730 by the penultimate Nawab of the Mughal Empire, Mirza Ja‘far Mu’min Khan I, the last of the Mughal governors of Gujarat, at the time of the dismemberment of Mughal rule in India. In 1742 Mirza Ja‘far Mu’min Khan I defeated his brother-in-law Nizam Khan, governor of Khambhat, and established himself in his place.

In 1780 Cambay was taken by the British Army, led by General Goddard Richards, but it was restored to the Marathas in 1783. Finally it was ceded to the British by the Peshwa after the Treaty of Bassein in 1803.[1] Cambay became a British protectorate in 1817. The state was provided with a railway in 1901.[2] Cambay's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 10 June 1948.[3]

Hub of mercantile activity

The traders and the merchants reached here from across the world. Cambay was known for its cotton and silk cloths. Cambay was one of India's most active trade center since the 14th century (Source: Ibn Battuta). After 200 years, Duarte Barbosa described Cambay as an important commercial center with carpets, and other textile goods in Mughal established industries.[4]

Rulers

See also: List of Shia Muslim dynasties § India

The rulers of the state bore the title of 'Nawab' and had the privilege of an 11-gun salute.[5]

Nawabs

[6][7]

List of Nawabs of Cambay state

See also

References

  1. ^ Great Britain India Office. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.
  2. ^ Princely States of India
  3. ^ "Cambay State – Princely State (11 gun salute)". Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  4. ^ Walker, Daniel (1997). Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era. p. 5.
  5. ^ G. B. Malleson, An historical sketch of the native states of India. London 1875. Reprint Delhi 1984
  6. ^ Cahoon, Ben. "Indian Princely States K-Z". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Indian states before 1947 K-W". www.rulers.org. Retrieved 25 August 2019.

Coordinates: 22°18′N 72°37′E / 22.3°N 72.62°E / 22.3; 72.62