|Dewas State (Senior Branch)|
|Princely State of British India|
|1,160 km2 (450 sq mi)|
|Today part of||India|
Dewas Senior was established by Tukoji Rao I Puar during the Maratha conquest of Central India. It was a 15 Gun Salute Maratha princely state. On 12 December 1818 it became a British protectorate.
See also: Dewas Junior, Dhar State, Indore State, and Gwalior State
The original state was founded in 1728 by Tukoji Rao, from the Puar clan of the Marathas who together with his younger brother Jivaji Rao, had advanced into Malwa with Peshwa Baji Rao I as part of the Maratha Conquest of Malwa. The brothers divided the territory among themselves; their descendants ruled as the senior and junior branches of the family. After 1841, each branch ruled his own portion as a separate state, though the lands belonging to each were intimately entangled; in Dewas, the capital town, the two sides of the main street were under different administrations and had different arrangements for water supply and lighting.
The two Rajas heading Dewas states both lived in separate residences in the town of Dewas, and ruled over separate areas.
The Senior branch had an area of 446 sq mi (1,160 km2) and a population of in 62,312 1901. From 1907, both Dewas states were in the Malwa Agency of the Central India Agency. After India's independence in 1947, the Maharajas of Dewas acceded to India, and their states were integrated into Madhya Bharat, which became a state of India in 1950. In 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh state.
Dewas Junior Darbar (Court) was composed of Jagirdars, Sardars, Istamuradars and Mankaris.