Jhabua State
Princely State of British India
1584–1948
Flag of Jhabua
Flag
Coat of arms of Jhabua
Coat of arms
Barwani-Dhar map.jpg

Jhabua State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
CapitalJhabua
Area 
• 1901
3,460 km2 (1,340 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
80,889
History
History 
• Established
1584
1948
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mughal Empire
India

Jhabua State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It had its capital in Jhabua town. Most of the territory of the princely state was inhabited by the Bhil people, who constituted a majority of the population. The revenue of the state in 1901 was Rs.1,10,000.[1]

History

The state of Jhabua was founded by Kesho Das or Kishan Das, in 1584. He was granted the title of Raja by Mughal Emperor Akbar as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil Chiefs of Jhabua, who had murdered the wife and daughters of the Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. Khushal Singh was the ruler of Jhabua in 1698, he gave much of his lands to his brothers and sons and was too weak to rule his state effectively. This allowed the Marathas to actively invade Jhabua on a regular basis. Raja Shiv Singh was an infant and therefore the states administration during this time was managed by the raja's mother and the nobles. The Marathas under Holkar took advantage of this situation to take control of Jhabua. The threat from Jai Singh of Sailana forced the nobles of Jhabua to rely on Maratha protection, Holkar thus sent his officers to manage the states affairs.[2] Jhabua later came under British protection in 1817 A.D. and was under the Bhopawar Agency[3][4] of the Central India Agency and in 1927 it became part of the Malwa Agency.There were 20 families of rank in the state who paid £1500 to the Holkars and £2500 to their own chief. In 1875 the state had a population of 55,000 and a revenue of £22,500.[5] After India's independence in 1947, Jhabua's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 15 June 1948, and Jhabua became part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.[6]

Rulers

The rulers of Jhabua were Rathor Rajputs. They had the title of H.H. Raja Saheb. They were granted a hereditary salute of 11 guns by the British.[7]

Rajas
1584 – 1607 Kesho Das
1607 – 1610 Karan Singh
1610 – 1677 Man Singh
1677 – 1723 Kushal Singh
1723 – 1727 Anup Singh
1727 – 1758 Sheo Singh (d. 1758)
1758 – 1770 Bahadur Singh
1770 – 1821 Bhim Singh (d. 1829)
1821 – 1832 Pratap Singh (d. 1832)
1832 – 1840 Ratan Singh (d. 1840)
Nov 1841 – 1895 Gopal Singh (b. 1841 – d. 1895)
26 Apr 1895 – 1942 Udai Singh (b. 1875 – d. af.1945)
1942 – 15 Aug 1947   Dhalip Singh (b. 1905 – d. 1965)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 8, page 147 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library".
  2. ^ Malwa in Transition Or a Century of Anarchy: The First Phase, 1698-1765, published in 1993, pg.185, 282, [1]
  3. ^ Gujarat State Gazetteer. Government Press. 1989. p. 3. Alirajpur, Baria and Jhabua, which entered into treaties in 1817 AD were placed under the Bhopawar sub-agency
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jhabua" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 411.
  5. ^ Hunter, William Wilson (1881). "Jalandhar to Kywon-Pya-That".
  6. ^ Jhabua - Princely State
  7. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 8, page 147 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library".

Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6