|Princely State of British India|
Coat of arms
Location of Palitana in Saurashtra
|777 km2 (300 sq mi)|
Palitana was a princely state in India during the British Raj until 1948. The center was the city of Palitana. The last ruler of the state received a privy purse of 180,000 Rupees at the state's accession to independent India on 15 February 1948.
As a "Second Class" princely state it was founded in 1194. It was one of the major states in Saurashtra, where there were many smaller states. Palitana covered 777 km2 and had 58,000 inhabitants (in 1921) in 91 villages, generating a 744,416 Rs revenue. In 1940 it had a population of 76,432.
It used to be a native state of India in the Kathiawar Agency of the Bombay Presidency. Area, 289 sq. m.; pop. (1901), 52,856, showing a decrease of 15% in the decade. Gross revenue, £42,000; tribute jointly to the Gaekwar of Baroda and the Nawab of Junagadh, £700. The capital of the state, Palitana, had a population of 12,800. Its ruler enjoyed a 9-guns salute.
The rulers bore the title of Thakur Sahib.