Sachin State
સચીન રિયાસત
سچن ریاست
Princely State of British India
1791–1948
Flag

Sachin State (pink) within Surat Agency
CapitalSachin
Area 
• 1931
127 km2 (49 sq mi)
Population 
• 1931
22,107
History
History 
• Established
1791
1948
Succeeded by
India
Today part ofSurat district, Gujarat State
Nawab Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan II of Sachin (1833–1873)
Nawab Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan II of Sachin (1833–1873)
Sachin State Merchant Flag
Sachin State Merchant Flag
Nawab of Sachin Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan III withheld public recognition of his marriage to Fatima Begum.
Nawab of Sachin Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan III withheld public recognition of his marriage to Fatima Begum.

The Sachin State (Gujarati: સચીન રિયાસત; Urdu: سچن ریاست) was a princely state belonging to the Surat Agency, former Khandesh Agency, of the Bombay Presidency during the era of the British Raj. Its capital was in Sachin, the southernmost town of present-day Surat district of Gujarat State.[citation needed]

History

Sachin state was founded on 6 June 1791. Though over 85% of the subjects were Hindu, the state was ruled by Sunni Muslims of the Siddi dynasty of Danda-Rajpuri and Janjira State. The Siddi dynasty is of Abyssinian (Habesha) origin.[1]

Sachin State was under the protection of the Maratha Peshwa until it became a British protectorate. It had its own cavalry, currency, and stamped paper, as well as a state band that included Africans.

Fatima Begum (1892–1983), one of the early superstars in Indian cinema and India's first female film director, was allegedly married to Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III of Sachin State. But Sachin royal family sources cast a veil over this[citation needed] claiming no record of a marriage or contract having taken place between the Nawab and Fatima Bai or of the Nawab having officially recognised their children, Sultana, Zubeida and Shehzadi, as his own.[2] Sultana, the daughter of Fatima Begum,[3] became a leading figure in early Indian movies.[4] Zubeida, leading actress of India's first talkie film Alam Ara (1931), was her younger sister.[5]

Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III, Sachin State's last ruler, signed the accession to join the Indian Union on 8 March 1948. The state then became part of Surat district in Bombay Province.[6][7][8]

After the Partition Zubaida stayed in India, while her sister Sultana moved to Pakistan where she married and had a daughter, Jamila Razzaq, who became a prominent Pakistani actress in the decade between the mid 1950s and the mid 1960s.[9]

Rulers

The rulers of Sachin State bore the title 'Nawab' and were granted the right of a 9 gun salute by the British authorities.[citation needed]

Nawabs


See also

References

  1. ^ Pandey, Vikash (19 December 2014). "Africans in India: From slaves to reformers and rulers". Newspaper. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  2. ^ Sachin Princely State (9 gun salute)
  3. ^ "Sultana-actress". IMDb.com. amazon.com/IMDb.com. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  4. ^ Indian films and posters from 1930
  5. ^ "sultana". Cineplot.com. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  6. ^ Hunter, Sir William Wilson. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. London, Trübner & Co., 1885
  7. ^ Malleson, G. B. An historical sketch of the native states of India, London 1875, Reprint Delhi 1984
  8. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Surat" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 117.
  9. ^ Jamila Razzaq and Zubaida Archived 11 October 2015 at Wikiwix

Coordinates: 21°05′N 72°53′E / 21.08°N 72.88°E / 21.08; 72.88