|Princely State of British India|
Map of Bhor State, 1930
|2,396 km2 (925 sq mi)|
|Today part of||Maharashtra, India|
|public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bhor". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.This article incorporates text from a publication now in the|
Bhor State was one of the 9-gun salute Maratha princely states of British India. It was the only state belonging to the Poona Agency under the Bombay Presidency, which became later part of the Deccan States Agency. Along with Akkalkot State, Aundh State, Phaltan State, Nimsod State and Jath State, it was one of the Satara Jagirs.
Situated among the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats, the state covered an area of 2,396 square kilometres, and had a population of 137,268 in 1901.
The town of Bhor, once the capital of the state, is located in the state of Maharashtra, about 51 kilometres south of Pune, adjacent to Bhatghar Dam. The royal palace is still present. Also present in the vicinity is the temple of Bhoreshwar, dedicated to Lord Shiva. A temple dedicated to goddesses Janubai and Khiloba is located in Mhalawadi, a village close to the Bhatghar Dam.
The Jagir (fiefdom), which was the forerunner of the state, was granted to Shankarji Narayan for his services as the Pant Sachiv, one of the eight hereditary Maratha ministers, by Rajaram Chhatrapati in 1697.The jagir remained part of the Maratha empire until the 1818 when Peshwa rule came to an end. The jagir then became part of the shortly lived Satara state with an agreement signed with the British East India Company in 1820. In 1838–39,the state experienced uprising by the Ramoshi against the British.It is believed that personalities associated with the deposed Bajirao II instigated the troubles.
Gandekar, the ruling family of Bhor belonged to a Hindu caste of Deshastha Rigvedi Brahmin community. They continued using the Maratha title Pant Sachiv, only later assuming the royal style of Raja, and were entitled, under British rule, to a hereditary 9-gun salute. The Family deity of the rulers was the goddess Bhorai whose temple is located on Sudhagad. The state also controlled other historic forts such as Rajgad, Rohida and Sarasgad.
H. H. Raja Shrimant Raghunathrao Shankarrao Gandekar was the last ruler of the state. During his reign, he implemented many reforms such as abolition of untouchability, freedom of association and introduction of representative government. He signed the accession to the Indian Union on 8 March 1948 which ended the separate existence of Bhor state.
Bhor Hindu rulers used the titles of "Pant Sachiv" and "Raja".