Dhar State
धार रियासत
Princely State of India
1730–1947
Flag of Dhar
Flag
Barwani-Dhar map.jpg

Dhar State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Area 
• 1941
4,660 km2 (1,800 sq mi)
Population 
• 1941
253,210
History
History 
• Established
1730
1947
Succeeded by
India
Today part ofIndia
Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 510
Yeshwant Rao Pawar, 3rd Raja of Dhar
Yeshwant Rao Pawar, 3rd Raja of Dhar
HH Maharaja Udaji Rao II Pawar of Dhar
HH Maharaja Udaji Rao II Pawar of Dhar
Gate of City Palace, built in 1875
Gate of City Palace, built in 1875

Dhar State was a princely state. It was a salute state in the colonial sway of the Central India Agency. Dhar began as one of the states during Maratha dominance in India about 1730. In 1941 it had an area of 1,798 square miles (4,660 km2) and a population of 253,210. Dhar was the capital of the state since 1732 (from the 1728 foundation, the Raja's first seat had been at Multhan in Dhar district. In 1948, it became part of Madhya Bharat.

Lying between 21°57' and 23°15' north, and 74°37' and 75°37' east, Dhar State was bordered on the north by Ratlam State and Sailana State; east by parts of Gwalior and Indore States; on the south by Barwani State, and on the west by Jhabua State and portions of Gwalior State and Indore State.

Hemendra Singh Rao Pawar is the present ruler (titular) of Dhar.[1][2][3][4][5]

History

See also: Dewas Junior, Dewas Senior, Indore State, and Gwalior State

The present Dhar dynasty was founded in 1729 by Udaji Rao Puar, a distinguished Maratha general who received the territory as a grant from the Chatrapati.[citation needed]

Yeshwant Rao Puar also had prominent role in the northern expansion of the Maratha Empire. In the Third battle of Panipat (1761), Atai Khan, the adopted son of the Wazir Shah Wali Khan, was said to have been killed by Yeshwant Rao Pawar when he climbed atop his elephant and struck him down.[6]

During the Pindhari raids, the state's territory was whittled away, until it was restored in size on 10 January 1819, when it signed a Subsidiary alliance agreement with the British East India Company and became a major Princely state, enjoying indirect rule under British protectorate.[citation needed]

The Dhar State Darbar (Court) was composed of Sardars, Jagirdars, Istamuradars, Mankaris, Thakurs and Bhumias.

The state was confiscated by the British after the Revolt of 1857. In 1860, it was restored to Raja Anand Rao III Pawar, then a minor, with the exception of the detached district of Bairusia which was granted to the Begum of Bhopal. Anand Rao, who received the personal title Maharaja and the KCSI in 1877, died in 1898; he was succeeded by Udaji Rao II Pawar.

Rulers

Reign start Reign end Name Birth-death
1728 1732 Udaji Raje I Pawar
1732 1736 Anand Raje I Pawar (b. ... – died 1749)
1736 1761, 6 January Yeshwant Raje I Pawar (1724–1761)
1761, 6 January 1782 Khande Raje Pawar (b. c.1758 – died 1782)
1782 1807, 10 June Anand Raje II Pawar (1782–1807)
1807, Dec 1810 Ramchandra Raje I Pawar (1807–1810)
1807, Dec 1810 Maina Bai (f) (regent)
1810 1833, October Ramchandra Raje II Pawar (1805–1833)
1834, 21 April 1857, 23 May Yeshwant Raje II Pawar (1823–1857)
1857, 23 May 1858, 19 Jan Anand Raje III Pawar (1st time) (1844–1898)
1858, 19 Jan 1860, 1 May state abolished
1860, 1 May 1898, 29 July Anand Raje III Pawar (2nd time) (1844–1898)
1898, 29 July 1926 Udaji Raje II Pawar "Baba Sahib" (1886–1926)
1926 1931 Laxmibai Sahiba (f) (regent)
1926 1989 Anand Raje IV Pawar (1920–1989)

Titular Maharajas

Postal/Philatelic information

In 1897 primitive stamps with entirely native text. The second definitive issue bore the name DHAR STATE in Latin script; a total of 8 stamps. Since 1901 Indian stamps have been in use.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hemendra Singh Puar is head of erstwhile princely state of Dhar". 15 January 2015. Archived from the original on 26 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Hemendra Puar to be new Dhar maharaja | Indore News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  3. ^ "Hemendra Singh becomes new King of Dhar". freepressjournal.in. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Administration to remove seal on Dhar royal estates on HC orders | Indore News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  5. ^ Solomon, R. V.; Bond, J. W. (7 September 2017). Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120619654 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "The Peshwas: Peak & Debacle". www.historyfiles.co.uk.

Coordinates: 22°36′N 75°18′E / 22.6°N 75.3°E / 22.6; 75.3