Chamba State
चम्बा रियासत
Princely State of British India
Flag of Chamba
Coat of arms of Chamba
Coat of arms
Chamba Kangra Bilaspur Mandi Kulu 1911.jpeg

1911 map of the Princely States of the Shimla Hills showing the boundaries of Chamba State.
• 1892
8,329 km2 (3,216 sq mi)
• 1892
• Established
Succeeded by
Today part ofHimachal Pradesh, India
Chamba Princely State
early 18th century Chamba princess
early 18th century Chamba princess
Gopal Singh, Raja of Chamba (ruled 1870–1873)
Gopal Singh, Raja of Chamba (ruled 1870–1873)

Chamba State[2] was one of the oldest princely states in present-day Republic of India, having been founded during the late 6th century. It was part of the States of the Punjab Hills of the Punjab Province of British India from 1859 to 1947. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union of 15 April 1948.


Chamba is situated in the bosom of the Himalaya Mountains, and its boundaries are on the northwest, west, and northeast by Kishtwar and Doda district of Jammu region; on the east, Lahaul; and on the southeast and south, the districts of Kangra and Gurdaspur.

The Ravi River flows through this district, and many hydroelectric generating stations have been developed here.


According to tradition, the ancient name of Chamba was Champa, and its predecessor state was known as Brahmpur. This site later became Bharmour around 550 AD when Raja Maru Verman came from Kalpagram to the Chamba Hills. In the 900s, the capital was shifted from Bharmour to present day Chamba Town. The rulers of Chamba State patronized artists of the Pahari painting style.[3] Between 1809 and 1846 Chamba was tributary to Jammu. In 1821, Chamba annexed Bhadrawah State. On 9 Mar 1846, Chamba State became a British protectorate.[4]


The rulers of Chamba princely state belonged to the Suryavanshi Mushana(मूषाण) Rajput Dynasty.[5]


Raja Sahil Verman Around 920AD shifted His Capital From Bharmaur to Present Day Chamba Town. It is believed that King Shail Varman ruled until 940 AD. From then onwards the state of Chamba continued to be ruled by different kings of the Mushana Rajput Dynasty from their capital at Champavati, which later came to be Known as Chamba. Following are some of more famous kings of Chamba in Himachal Pradesh:

The Akhand Chandi palace in Chamba town. This erstwhile palace of the rulers of Chamba state is presently used as a government college.
The Akhand Chandi palace in Chamba town. This erstwhile palace of the rulers of Chamba state is presently used as a government college.



Religion in Chamba State (1941)[7]: 42 
Religion Population Percentage
155,028 91.78%
Star and Crescent.svg
12,318 7.29%
Christian cross.svg
150 0.09%
107 0.06%
Others[b] 1,305 0.77%
Total Population 168,908 100%

See also

Further reading


  1. ^ Including Ad-Dharmis
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Tribals, others, or not stated


32°34′12″N 76°7′48″E / 32.57000°N 76.13000°E / 32.57000; 76.13000