Sitamau State
Princely State of British India
1701–1948
Flag of Sitamau
Flag
Coat of arms of Sitamau
Coat of arms
CapitalSitamau
Area 
• 1901
906 km2 (350 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
23,863
History
History 
• Established
1701
1948
Succeeded by
India

Sitamau State was a princely state of the British Raj before 1947. Its capital was in Sitamau town, Mandsaur district, Madhya Pradesh. The total area of the state was 350 square miles. The average revenue of the state was Rs.130,000.[1]

History

Ratan Singh Rathore was killed in the battle of Dharmat, after which his descendants continued to rule Ratlam. In 1695 some soldiers of the Raja killed the Jaziya tax collectors due to which the Mughals completely annexed Ratlam. Keshodas stuck to imperial service during this time and on 3rd September 1699, he was made the faujdar of Nalgunda. Due to his good governance, Aurangzeb later granted Keshodas the Pargana of Titrod from which Raja Keshodas founded Sitamau State on 31st October 1701. The State of Ratlam was restored to an uncle of Keshodas called Chattrasal in 1705. In 1714 the emperor Farrukhsiyar further added the paragana of Alot to the new state.[2] Sitamau faced invasions after the decline of the Mughal Empire. Nahargarh was captured by Gwalior State and Alot by Dewas State. This forced the rulers of Sitamau to seek the help of John Malcolm who formed a treaty between Gwalior and Sitamau, through which Sitamau paid a yearly tribute of Rs.33,000 to Gwalior and Scindia in return promised not to show hostility towards Sitamau. This tribute was later reduced to Rs.27,000.[1]

Rulers

The rulers were Ratanawat Rathor Rajputs and descendants of Ratan Singh Rathore.[3]

Rajas

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 23, p. 51.
  2. ^ Sinh, Raghubir (1993). Malwa in Transition Or a Century of Anarchy: The First Phase, 1698-1765. p. 80. ISBN 9788120607507.
  3. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 23, p. 51.
  4. ^ "Indian Princely States K-Z". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 15 August 2019.

Coordinates: 20°01′N 75°21′E / 20.02°N 75.35°E / 20.02; 75.35