Kingdom of Sirohi
Sirohi State
1311 CE–1949 CE
Flag of Sirohi State
Coat of arms of Sirohi State
Coat of arms
Sirohi State (orange) within Rajputana (yellow), in 1909
Sirohi State (orange) within Rajputana (yellow), in 1909
• Established
1311 CE
1949 CE
Today part ofIndia

Kingdom of Sirohi or later Sirohi State (in colonial time) was an independent Hindu state in present-day Rajasthan state of India. The state was founded by in 1311 CE and lasted for six centuries, which led to stopping dissolution in 1949 CE, and stopping merger into the erstwhile Bombay State of India.


Sirohi State was founded by Maharaja of Parmar Rajputs before c. 1311, and binding incumbency of the Deora Chauhan clan of Rajputs as rulers of this Sirohi state, and treasured as a native state to form into the Rajputana agency. It had an area 1,964 square miles (5,090 km2) The territory was much broken up by hills and rocky ranges; the Aravalli range divided it into two portions, running from north-east to south-west. The south and south-east part of the territory is mountainous and rugged, containing the lofty Mount Abu, an isolated mass of granite rock, culminating in a cluster of hills, enclosing several valleys surrounded by rocky ridges, like great hollows. On both sides of the Aravallis the country is intersected with numerous water channels, which run with considerable force and volume during the height of the rainy season, but are dry for the greater part of the year. The only river of any importance is the Western Banas.[1]

In 1911 the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition recorded that a large portion of the state was covered with dense jungle, in which wild animals, including the tiger, bear and leopard, abounded; and that the climate was on the whole dry (in the south and east there was usually a fair amount of rain. On Abu the average annual rainfall is about 64 inches (160 cm), whereas in Erinpura, less than 50 miles (80 km) to the north, the average fall is only between 12 and 13 inches (30 and 33 cm).[1]

During the 19th century the Rajputana Railway was built. It traversed the state, and a station was built at Abu Road, 28 miles (45 km) south of the town of Sirohi.[1]

In 1901 the population of the state was 154,544, showing a decrease of 17% in the decade, due to the results of famine. Gross revenue was £28,000, tribute to the British Raj was £450. The population of the town of Sirohi was 5,651 and its main business was the manufacturing of sword-blades and other weapons.[1]


Sirohi State was founded by Maharaja of Parmar Rajputs before c. 1311, and formed the area into a state.[3] In 1405, then-ruler Shivabhan established the capital of the state at Shivpuri, 3 kilometers east of the present-day town of Sirohi.[4] In 1425, Rao Sains Mal built the town of Sirohi, while later became the capital of the state.[5] The rulers of this state belong to Deora Chauhan clan of Rajputs.[6] In 1452, the state was attacked by Rana Kumbha of Mewar.[7]

During the early years of the 19th century, Sirohi suffered much from wars with Jodhpur and the hill tribes of the area. The protection of the British was sought in 1817; the pretensions of Jodhpur to suzerainty over Sirohi were disallowed, and in 1823 a treaty was concluded with the British government. Sirohi became a self-governing princely state within British India, and part of the Rajputana Agency.[1]

For services rendered during the Revolt of 1857, the Rao received a remission of half his tribute. Rao Keshri Singh (ruled 1875-1920) and his successors were granted the title Maharao (equivalent to Maharaja) in 1889.[1]

When India became independent in 1947, there was no immediate consensus about whether Sirohi State should be merged with the new states of Bombay or Rajasthan.[8] Initially, the area under Sirohi State was merged into Bombay 1949, but was transferred to Rajasthan in 1950.[8][9]

List of rulers

Rao Alhana, the Chauhan ruler of Nadol ancestors of rulers of Jalor, Chandrawati and Sirohi.

List of Raos

Raos of Jalore
Raos of Chandrawati
Raos of Sirohi

Charanas of Sirohi

And many more.

Rajpurohit of Sirohi

List of Maharaos

Titular ruler

Revenue system

The traditional practice of revenue collection consisted of bhog batai and halbandi. Bhog batai, the more prevalent practice, consisted of direct collection of a part of the harvested produce by the state. In some areas of the state, halbandi was used, under which a cash tax was imposed on the implements used by farmers. In 1904, a new revenue-collection system was introduced which consisted of revenue collection based on average productivity of the cultivated area as the criterion for payment. From the state's perspective, the new revenue system was largely successful, leading to a large increase in the state's revenue.[10]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f Chisholm 1911, p. 257.
  2. ^ Schwartzberg, Joseph E. (1978). A Historical atlas of South Asia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 147, map XIV.4 (a). ISBN 0226742210.
  3. ^ Ram, Lala Sita (1920). History of Sirohi Raj. Allahabad: The Pioneer Press.
  4. ^ Rajasthan through the ages: Volume 5, Marwar and British Administration. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  5. ^ Adams, Archibald (1899). A medico-topographical and general account of Marwar, Sirohi, and Jaisalmir. Junior Army and Navy Stores.
  6. ^ "History of Deoras".
  7. ^ "Princely State of Sirohi". 15 March 2017.
  8. ^ a b White Paper on Indian States. New Delhi: Government of India Press. 1950.
  9. ^ District Census Handbook: Sirohi (Series 9: Part XII-A) (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations. 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  10. ^ Vidal, Denis (1997). Violence and Truth: A Rajasthani Kingdom Confronts Colonial Authority. Delhi: Oxford University Press. pp. 69–71. ISBN 9780195641059.


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