The elections in India in 2015 include the two state legislative assembly elections. The tenure of the state legislative assembly of Bihar are due to expire during the year and the Delhi Legislative Assembly Re-Election will also be held due to the inability to form the government.[1]

Legislative Assembly election

Delhi

Delhi

Main article: 2015 Delhi Legislative Assembly election

The assembly state elections in Delhi were held in a single phase on 7 February, followed by counting on 10 February.[2]

Summary of the 7 February 2015 Delhi Legislative Assembly election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Contested Won +/− %
Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 48,78,397 54.3 Increase24.8 70 67 Increase39 95.7
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 28,90,485 32.2 Decrease0.8 69 3 Decrease28 4.2
Indian National Congress (INC) 8,66,814 9.7 Decrease14.9 70 0 Decrease8 0.0
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 117,093 1.3 Decrease4.1 70 0 Steady 0.0
Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) 54,464 0.6 Steady 2 0 Steady 0.0
Independents (IND) 47,623 0.5 Decrease2.4 222 0 Decrease1 0.0
Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 44,880 0.5 Decrease0.5 1 0 Decrease1 0.0
Other parties and candidates 42,589 0.5 Decrease2.1 376 0 Steady 0.0
None of the Above (NOTA) 35,924 0.4 Steady
Total 89,78,269 100.00 880 70 ±0 100.0
Valid votes 89,42,372 99.56
Invalid votes 39,856 0.44
Votes cast / turnout 89,82,228 67.47
Abstentions 43,31,067 32.53
Registered voters 1,33,13,295
Source: Election Commission of India[3]

Background

In the 2013 Delhi state elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party (along with its pre-poll ally Shiromani Akali Dal) emerged as the single-largest party, winning 32 out of the 70 seats. However they fell short of an outright majority and therefore were unable to form the government. This led the then Lieutenant Governor of Delhi Najeeb Jung to invite the Aam Aadmi Party, the second largest party after the BJP, to form the government.[4] On 28 December 2013, AAP formed the state government after taking outside support from the Indian National Congress.[5] AAP's leader Arvind Kejriwal, who defeated the incumbent chief minister Sheila Dikshit, became the 7th chief minister of Delhi. However, on 14 February 2014 (after 49 days of rule), Arvind Kejriwal resigned from his post citing the reason as his government's inability to table the Jan Lokpal Bill in Delhi Assembly for discussion due to stiff opposition from other political parties in the house.

Delhi remained thereafter under President's Rule for about a year. On 4 November 2014, the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi Najeeb Jung recommended the Union Cabinet the dissolution of Delhi assembly and conduct fresh elections.[6][7] On 12 January 2015, the Election Commission of India announced that state assembly elections would be held on 7 February 2015 with results being announced on 10 February 2015.[8]

Bihar

Bihar

Main article: 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Bihar expired on 29 November 2015.

Summary of results of the 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election[9][10]
Alliance Political party Votes Vote % Change
in vote %
Vote % in
Seats Contested
Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Mahagathbandhan Rashtriya Janata Dal 6,995,509 18.4 Decrease0.44 Increase44.35 101 80 Increase58 32.92
Janata Dal (United) 6,416,414 16.8 Decrease5.81 Increase40.65 101 71 Decrease44 29.21
Indian National Congress 2,539,638 6.7 Decrease1.68 Increase39.49 41 27 Increase23 11.11
NDA Bharatiya Janata Party 9,308,015 24.4 Increase7.94 Decrease37.48 157 53 Decrease38 21.81
Lok Janshakti Party 1,840,834 4.8 Decrease1.95 Increase28.79 42 2 Decrease1 0.82
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party 976,787 2.6 - 0.64 23 2 Increase2 0.82
Hindustani Awam Morcha 864,856 2.3 - 26.90 21 1 Increase1 0.41
Left parties Communist Party of India 516,699 1.4 Decrease0.29 Decrease3.43 91 0 Decrease1 0
CPI(ML) Liberation 587,701 1.5 Decrease0.29 Decrease3.82 98 3 Increase3 1.23
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 232,149 0.6 Decrease0.21 Decrease3.32 38 0 Steady 0
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 11,621 0.03 Decrease0.02 Decrease0.74 10 0 Steady 0
All India Forward Bloc 6,936 0.00 Steady0.00 Decrease0.21 8 0 Steady 0
Revolutionary Socialist Party 3,045 0.01 Steady0.00 Decrease0.64 3 0 Steady 0
Socialist
Secular
Morcha
Samajwadi Party 385,511 1.0 Increase0.45 Increase1.83 85 0 Steady 0
Jan Adhikar Party (Loktantrik) 514,748 1.4 64 0 Steady 0
Nationalist Congress Party 185,437 0.5 Decrease1.32 Increase2.82 40 0 Steady 0
Samras Samaj Party 28 0 Steady 0
Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic 23 0 Steady 0
National People's Party 3 0 Steady 0
Others Bahujan Samaj Party 788,024 2.1 Decrease1.11 Decrease2.21 243 0 Steady 0
Shiv Sena 211,131 0.6 Increase0.21 Decrease1.84 150 0 Steady 0
Sarvajan Kalyan Loktantrik Party 108,851 0.3 0.91 90 0 Steady 0
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 103,940 0.3 Decrease0.31 Decrease2.02 0 Steady 0
Garib Janata Dal (Secular) 92,279 0.2 0.66 0 Steady 0
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen 80,248 0.2 8.04 6 0 Steady 0
Independents 3,580,953 9.4 Increase3.82 Decrease9.57 1150 4 Decrease2 1.64
NOTA 947,276 2.5 2.49 243
Total 37,673,594 100.00 243
Valid votes 37,673,594 99.94
Invalid votes 23,384 0.06
Votes cast / turnout 37,673,594 56.91
Abstentions 2,85,46,215 43.09
Registered voters 6,62,43,193

Parliamentary By-election

S.No Date Constituency MP before election Party before election Elected MP Party after election
1 13 February 2015 Bangaon Kapil Krishna Thakur All India Trinamool Congress Mamata Thakur All India Trinamool Congress
2 21 November 2015 Warangal Kadiyam Srihari Telangana Rashtra Samithi Pasunuri Dayakar Telangana Rashtra Samithi
3 Ratlam Dileep Singh Bhuria Bharatiya Janata Party Kantilal Bhuria Indian National Congress

Assembly By-elections

Andhra Pradesh

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 13 February 2015 Tirupati M.Venkataramana Telugu Desam Party M Suguna Telugu Desam Party

Arunachal Pradesh

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 13 February 2015 Liromba Jarbom Gamlin Indian National Congress Nyamar Karbak Indian National Congress

Goa

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 13 February 2015 Panaji Manohar Parrikar Bharatiya Janata Party Sidharth Kuncalienker Bharatiya Janata Party

Jharkhand

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 14 December 2015 Lohardaga Kamal Kishore Bhagat All Jharkhand Students Union Sukhdeo Bhagat Indian National Congress

Kerala

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 27 June 2015 Aruvikkara G. Karthikeyen Indian National Congress K. S. Sabarinadhan Indian National Congress

Madhya Pradesh

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 27 June 2015 Garoth Rajesh Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party Chander Singh Sisodia Bharatiya Janata Party

Maharashtra

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 13 February 2015 Mukhed Govind Rathod Bharatiya Janata Party Tushar Rathod Bharatiya Janata Party
2 11 April 2015 Tasgaon R. R. Patil Nationalist Congress Party Suman Patil Nationalist Congress Party
3 Vandre East Prakash Sawant Shiv Sena Trupti Sawant Shiv Sena

Manipur

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 21 November 2015 Thongju Thongam Biswajit Singh All India Trinamool Congress Thongam Biswajit Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
2 Thangmeiband Khumukcham Joykishan Khumukcham Joykishan

Meghalaya

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 27 June 2015 Chokpot Clifford Marak Garo National Council Bluebell Sangma Indian National Congress
2 21 November 2015 Nongstoin Hopingstone Lyngdoh Hill State People's Democratic Party Diostar Jyndiang Hill State People's Democratic Party

Mizoram

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 21 November 2015 Aizawl North 3 Lal Thanzara Indian National Congress Lal Thanzara Indian National Congress

Tamil Nadu

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 13 February 2015 Srirangam J. Jayalalithaa All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam S. Valarmathi All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
2 27 June 2015 Radhakrishnan Nagar P. Vetriivel J. Jayalalithaa

Tripura

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 27 June 2015 Pratapgarh Anil Sarkar Communist Party of India (Marxist) Ramu Das Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2 Surma Sudhir Das Anjan Das

Uttar Pradesh

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 11 April 2015 Charkhari Kaptan Singh Samajwadi Party Urmila Rajput Samajwadi Party
2 30 April 2015 Pharenda Bajrang Bahadur Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Vinod Tiwari

West Bengal

S.No Date Constituency MLA before election Party before election Elected MLA Party after election
1 13 February 2015 Krishnaganj Sushil Biswas All India Trinamool Congress Satyajit Biswas All India Trinamool Congress

References

  1. ^ "Terms of Houses, Election Commission of India". Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Delhi to go to polls on 7 February, counting on 10 February: EC". The Times of India. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "BJP rejects offer to form govt". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  5. ^ "Arvind Kejriwal of Aam Admi Party to be Delhi's new chief minister". Livemint. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  6. ^ "President Dissolves Delhi Assembly, Fresh Polls in 2015". Outlook. 5 November 2014.
  7. ^ "Delhi assembly dissolved, by-polls cancelled". The Times of India. The Times Group. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  8. ^ "EC cracks whip as Delhi goes to polls". The Hindu. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Partywise Result". eciresults.nic.in. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Lection, 2015 to the Legislative Assembly of Bihar" (PDF). eci.nic.in. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016.