Map of European nations coloured by percentage of vote governing party got in last election as of 2022
Map of European nations coloured by percentage of vote governing party got in last election as of 2022

The ruling party or governing party in a democratic parliamentary or presidential system is the political party or coalition holding a majority of elected positions in a parliament, in the case of parliamentary systems, or holding the executive branch, in presidential systems, that administers the affairs of state after an election.[1][2][3][4][5]

In many democratic republic countries like the Philippines, the ruling party is the party of the elected president that is in charge of the executive branch of government. In parliamentary systems, the majority in the legislature also controls the executive branch of government, thus leaving no possibility of opposing parties concurrently occupying the executive and legislative branches of government.[6] In other systems, such as in an American style presidential system, the party of the president does not necessarily also have a legislative majority.

A ruling party is also used to describe the party of one-party states, such as the Chinese Communist Party in the People's Republic of China.[7][8] In his political manifesto The Green Book, the late Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi attacked the ability of the ruling party, using it as a basis for his opposition to partisan politics.

See also

References

  1. ^ "What is a 'ruling party'? | Legal Studies Questions". Toppr Ask. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ "ruling party - English definition, grammar, pronunciation, synonyms and examples | Glosbe". glosbe.com. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  3. ^ "Party in Power - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics". www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  4. ^ "3How our democracy works" (PDF). Parliament Gov ZA. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  5. ^ "Meaning of 'ruling party' in English Dictionary". vdict.pro. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  6. ^ "Government majority". www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  7. ^ "10 Common Types of Government & Real-World Examples". TheBestSchools.org. 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  8. ^ "The Chinese Communist Party". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 2022-04-29.