Sukhbir Singh Badal
Badal in 2023
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Assumed office
23 May 2019
Preceded bySher Singh Ghubaya
ConstituencyFirozpur
In office
2004–2009
Preceded byJagmeet Singh Brar
Succeeded byParamjit Kaur Gulshan
ConstituencyFaridkot
In office
1996–1999
Preceded byJagmeet Singh Brar
Succeeded byJagmeet Singh Brar
ConstituencyFaridkot
Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
10 August 2009 – 11 March 2017
Succeeded by
In office
21 January 2009 – 1 July 2009
Preceded byRajinder Kaur Bhattal
Union Minister of State for Industry
In office
19 March 1998 – 12 October 1999
Preceded byMurasoli Maran
Succeeded byMurasoli Maran
Member of Punjab Legislative Assembly
In office
August 2009 – May 2019
Preceded bySher Singh Ghubaya
Succeeded byRaminder Singh Awla
ConstituencyJalalabad
Personal details
Born
Sukhbir Singh

(1962-07-09) 9 July 1962 (age 61)
Faridkot, Punjab, India
Political partyShiromani Akali Dal
Other political
affiliations
National Democratic Alliance (1998–2020)
SpouseHarsimrat Kaur Badal
Children3
RelativesMajithia family, Badal family, Kairon family
ResidenceChandigarh
As of 22 September, 2006
Source: [1]

Sukhbir Singh Badal (9 July 1962-Present) is an Indian politician and Sikh rights advocate who served twice as the Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab and is currently the president of Shiromani Akali Dal, along with being a member of Parliament from the Firozpur Lok Sabha constituency.[1] He is the son of Parkash Singh Badal, who has served five times as the Chief Minister of Punjab. He holds lots of power over the Sikh organizations of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee and the Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee. A businessman at heart, Badal and his family have ownership stakes in an array of businesses- including real estate, transport and other activities to promote Punjab's economic condition on a national level.

Early life and Family

Sukhbir Singh Badal was born on 9 July 1962 in a Jatt Sikh family in the city Faridkot, Punjab. His mother's name is Surinder Kaur. Initially, he was educated at The Lawrence School, Sanawar. He completed an M.A. Hons. School in Economics from Panjab University Chandigarh from 1980 to 1984 and an M.B.A. from California State University, Los Angeles.[1][2]

He married Harsimrat Kaur Badal on 21 November 1991. She is also a politician and presently Member of Parliament of India from Bathinda Lok Sabha constituency since 2009 and was the union food processing minister under Prime Minister Narendra Modi until 17 May 2020.[3]

His son Anantbir Singh Badal made his first political appearance in 2019 before the Indian general election.[4]

Political career

Sukhbir Singh Badal was a member of the 11th and 12th Lok Sabha, representing Faridkot.[5][6] He was Union Minister of State for Industry in Second Vajpayee Ministry during 1998 to 1999. He was also a member of Rajya Sabha during 2001 to 2004. In 2004, he was re-elected from Faridkot for 14th Lok Sabha.[7] He became the President of Akali Dal in January 2008. A year later in January 2009, he was sworn in as the Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab.[8] He was not the Member of Punjab Vidhan Sabha at that time. He resigned in July 2009, upon the completion of six-month period available for contesting elections for the assembly, during which he didn't contest any elections.[9] He was again appointed Deputy Chief Minister in August 2009 after winning by-elections from Jalalabad Assembly constituency.[10]

Leader of Opposition

2012 Punjab elections

Akali Dal-BJP combined secured victory in the 2012 Punjab elections, beating anti-incumbency for the first time in Punjab.[11] Sukhbir was re-elected from Jalalabad and remained Deputy Chief Minister.[12][13] In the new government he held portfolio of Home, Governance Reforms, Housing, Excise and Taxation, Investment Promotion, Sports and Youth Services Welfare and Civil Aviation.[13] This victory and later victory in Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee elections in January 2013 elevated the position of Sukhbir Singh Badal as an important leader in politics.[14]

2017 Punjab elections

Badal defeated Bhagwant Mann of Aam Aadmi Party (MP Sangrur) and Ravneet Singh Bittu (MP Ludhiana) from INC in 2017 Assembly Elections. SAD and BJP alliance lost the majority to Congress. In 2019, he was elected as Member Parliament of Ferozpur Lok Sabha Constituency by defeating Sher Singh Ghubaya of INC by securing more than 600,000 votes on 23 May 2019.

2022 Punjab elections

Badal was the president of Akali Dal during the 2022 Punjab Legislative Assembly election. Badal contested from the Jalalabad Assembly constituency and lost the election to Jagdeep Kamboj Goldy of Aam Aadmi Party.[15] Badal lost by a margin of 30,374 Votes.[16] SAD BSP alliance contested in all 117 seats, and won 3 seats. SAD finished on third spot behind AAP and INC.[17]

Detentions, Protests and Issues

Detentions

He was arrested over the 2015 Kotkapura firing case, although he was let go due to lack of evidence against Badal.[18][19]

Later in 2020 he was detained for protesting against the corruption of health minister Balbir Singh Sidhu outside Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh's house.[20] Before his detainment he stated, "There is scam in vaccination, there is scam in Fateh Kit, there is scam in SC scholarship, farmers' land is being acquired" and then was dragged away by the Punjab Police.[21][20]

In 2021 during the 2020-2021 Indian farmers' protest, Sukhbir Singh Badal and his wife Harsimrat Kaur Badal were detained by the Delhi Police as they led a protest march in the national capital to mark the first anniversary of the passage of three contentious farm laws.[22][23][24]

In October 2023 he was detained over the Sutlej Yamuna link canal issue, he protested against Bhagwant Mann who wanted to give Punjab's water to other states against the people's will.[25]

Protests

Every year since 1999, Sukhbir Singh Badal protested against the 1984 Anti-Sikh riots and for the Indian Government to give justice for the victims.[26]

In 2015, Badal had protested against the Indian Government over the keeping of Sikh prisoners in jail, including the assassins of Chief Minister Beant Singh.[27]

In 2017 he protested against 4 Akali politicians not receiving clearance to contest in the Punjab elections.[28] He received an 'FIR' over blocking the Ferozepur-Ludhiana, Amritsar-Bathinda, Bathinda-Mansa, Chandigarh-Mansa, Jalandhar-Amritsar and Kharar-Chandigarh roads.[28]

From 2020 to 2022 he protested and received multiple legal cases for protesting during the 2020-2021 Indian farmers' protest.[23]

Sukhbir Singh Badal slammed Sikh preacher and radical Amritpal Singh for using the Adi Guru Granth as a shield during his protests in early 2023.[29] Although he also protested against the detainment of Sikh youth during Amritpal Singh's manhunt and the unofficial 'emergency' imposed by Bhagwant Mann.[30]

Like his father, Badal vehemently opposed the construction of the Sutlej Yamuna link canal and always supported the farmers of Punjab on the issue.[25]

Issues

Many Sikhs protested against him for the Kotkapura firing case and asked him to apologize publicly, the Shiromani Akali Dal (Sanyukt) separated from the main Shiromani Akali Dal for the same reason.[31][32] In late 2023 he made a public apology to all Sikhs in front of the Akal Takht declaring that he would imprison the culprits if the Shiromani Akali Dal ever came to power in Punjab.[33] Many politicians from the Shiromani Akali Dal (Sanyukt) and Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee rejoined the mainstream Shiromani Akali Dal, such as Manjit Singh GK, Harpal Singh Jalla, Amrik Singh Janaitpur, Harpreet Singh Garcha, Jagdish Singh Garcha rejoined his party.[34][35]

In April 2015, a teenage girl died and her mother was seriously injured when they were molested and thrown from a running bus near Gil village in Moga district.[36] The bus was operated by Orbit Aviation, a company in which Badal has stake.[37]

Subsequently, it was revealed by news reports that the Chief Minister of Punjab gave the girl's father 3 million in compensation.[38]

Badal with Parkash Singh Badal and Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Businesses and Real Estate

Badal and his family have direct or indirect interests in any array of businesses.[39] [40] Badal holds a majority stake in the Punjabi language PTC television network.[41][42] Badal and his family are also major stakeholders in Orbit Aviation, Dabwali Transport, Indo-Canadian Transport Company, Metro Eco Green Resorts, Saanjh Foundation, Falcon Properties, and Orbit Resorts.[43][44] He has been accused of enriching private transport companies, which he has a stake in, while the state transport department has deteriorated.[45] The Oberoi Sukhvilas Spa Resort in New Chandigarh is owned by and named after Sukhbir Badal.[46]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Bains, Satinder (31 January 2008). "Sukhbir Badal becomes youngest president of Shiromani Akali Dal". Punjab Newsline. Archived from the original on 28 November 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
  2. ^ Distinguished Alumni Panjab University
  3. ^ Badal kids miss mom but happy
  4. ^ Kamal, Neel (8 May 2019). "Sukhbir & Harsimrat's son makes 1st political appearance". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  5. ^ STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1999 TO THE 11th LOK SABHA
  6. ^ STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1999 TO THE 12th LOK SABHA
  7. ^ STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 2004 TO THE 14th LOK SABHA
  8. ^ Badal Jr. sworn in Deputy CM
  9. ^ Sukhbir Badal quits as Deputy CM
  10. ^ Sukhbir back as Deputy CM
  11. ^ Punjab: SAD-BJP defies anti-incumbency, wins big
  12. ^ Results Punjab State Assembly Elections 2012 Archived 6 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ a b Punjab Cabinet Ministers Portfolios 2012 Archived 3 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ How Sukhbir won the day for SAD
  15. ^ "Punjab election 2022 result constituency-wise: Check full list of winners". Hindustan Times. 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Riding on AAP wave, Kamboj breaches Sukhbir's bastion, defeats SAD chief by 30,374 votes". Hindustan Times. 10 March 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  17. ^ "Punjab election 2022, Punjab election results 2022, Punjab election winners list, Punjab election 2022 full list of winners, Punjab election winning candidates, Punjab election 2022 winners, Punjab election 2022 winning candidates constituency wise". Financialexpress. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  18. ^ "2015 Kotkapura police firing: Faridkot Court denies relief to Sukhbir Badal, but grants pre-arrest bail to his father". The Indian Express. 16 March 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  19. ^ "Kotkapura police firing: Sukhbir Badal granted pre-arrest bail, no relief for Sukhbir". Hindustan Times. 16 March 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  20. ^ a b "SAD president Sukhbir Singh Badal detained by Punjab police". The Economic Times. 15 June 2021. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  21. ^ "Sukhbir Singh Badal detained during protest outside Capt Amarinder Singh's house in Punjab". India Today. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  22. ^ "Sukhbir Singh Badal, Harsimrat Kaur briefly detained over farm laws protest". Hindustan Times. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  23. ^ a b "Cases Against 17 Farmer Leaders, Over 200 Others For Protesting At Sukhbir Badal's Rally". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  24. ^ "https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/sad-protests-against-farm-laws-sukhbir-and-harsimrat-detained-121091800067_1.html". ((cite web)): External link in |title= (help)
  25. ^ a b "SAD leaders briefly detained: Police deploy water cannons to stop Akalis on way to 'debate' SYL with Mann". The Indian Express. 10 October 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  26. ^ "Shiromani Akali Dal holds protest over 1984 anti-Sikh riots". India Today. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  27. ^ "Campaign for release of Bandi Singhs reaches Badal village". The Indian Express. 19 February 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  28. ^ a b "SAD president Sukhbir Badal booked for blocking road". India Today. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  29. ^ "Sukhbir slams Amritpal, his followers". The Times of India. 25 February 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  30. ^ "Akali Dal to provide legal assistance to Sikh youths held in crackdown: Sukhbir Badal". The Indian Express. 22 March 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  31. ^ "Sukhbir reiterates apology at his Panthic unity move in Delhi". The Times of India. 26 December 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  32. ^ "'Sacrilege' and Sukhbir Badal apology: 8 years late, but may be on time for LS polls". The Indian Express. 14 December 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  33. ^ Livemint (14 December 2023). "'Most painful incident': Sukhbir Singh Badal apologises for 2015 sacrilege cases". mint. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  34. ^ SNS (25 December 2023). "Manjit Singh GK rejoins Akali Dal, 5th Akali leader to come back to its fold". The Statesman. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  35. ^ "Sukhbir reiterates apology at his Panthic unity move in Delhi". The Times of India. 26 December 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  36. ^ "Moga molestation: Punjab education minister stirs up controversy, says victim death 'god's will'". DNA India. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  37. ^ Sharma, Sandipan (1 May 2015). "Why spare the bus owners? Punjab molestation case is no different from Uber rape incident". First Post. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  38. ^ Patel, Anand Kumar (4 May 2015). "Punjab Teen Molestation Case: Family Cremates Body As Chief Minister Steps In". NDTV. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  39. ^ "Parkash Singh Badal's business ventures: Top 5 facts to know about Punjab chief minister". Financialexpress. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  40. ^ Rajshekhar, M. "Every business in Punjab leads back to an Akali Dal leader (well almost)". Scroll.in. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  41. ^ "Honcho of Badal-owned PTC 'steers' Punjab PR dept's meet with NRI media". Hindustan Times. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  42. ^ "Not on TRP radar, yet govt ad windfall for Badal family channel". Firstpost. 20 January 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  43. ^ Bedi, Hardeep Singh (27 May 2019). "The Rise of Badals and fall of Shiromani Akali Dal". Oneindia. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  44. ^ Malik, Aman (13 May 2014). "The business interests of Harsimrat Kaur Badal". mint. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  45. ^ "How the Badal Family's Roadways Business is Taking Punjab for a Ride". The Wire. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  46. ^ "Chandigarh makes NYT '52 Places to Go' list, with a little help from Sukhbir Badal". ThePrint. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2022.