Bimala Prasad Chaliha
|3rd Chief Minister of Assam|
28 December 1957 – 6 November 1970
|Preceded by||Bishnu Ram Medhi|
|Succeeded by||Mahendra Mohan Choudhury|
|Member of Assam Legislative Assembly|
1962 - 1972
|Preceded by||Purnanada Chetia|
|Succeeded by||Janakinath Handique|
1958 - 1962
|Preceded by||Moulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury|
|Succeeded by||Moulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury|
|Born||26 March 1912|
Sivasagar, Assam, British India
|Died||25 February 1971 (aged 58)|
Shillong, Assam, India
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Spouse||Amaya Bora Chaliha|
|Awards||Padma Vibhushan (1971)|
Bimala Prasad Chaliha (26 March 1912 – 25 February 1971) was a Leader of Indian National Congress and a Freedom Fighter who was imprisoned at Jorhat Jail in 1942 for active participation in Mahatma Gandhi's Quit India Movement against the British Government. He was elected to the post of Chief Minister of Assam for Three Consecutive Terms, once from Badarpur Constituency and twice from Sonari Constituency. He was in office from 28 December 1957 to 6 November 1970. He was awarded Padma Vibhushan in 1971.
During his tenure as the Chief Minister, the Assam Official Language Act, 1960 was enacted, which made Assamese language the sole official language of the state. During his terms the Chinese attacked India at Bomdilla then called NEFA now known as Arunachal Pradesh. He strongly opposed the division of Assam State into smaller states like Nagaland, Mizoram and Meghalaya and was member in various Committees of India's Central Government. Only after his death the State of Assam was broken down into smaller States. The March 1966 Mizo National Front uprising also happened during his tenure. Earlier he was instrumental in promoting the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 and corresponding Assam Plantations Labour Rules, 1956 to safeguard the interest of the Tea Plantation Workers of Assam. During his second term as Chief Minister the issue of illegal migration from then East Bengal came up, he claimed there were 300,000 illegal entrants in Assam, and he took active steps to deport them in his third term.
He was married to Mrs. Amaya Bora Chaliha, daughter of a Senior Advocate & Freedom Fighter Mr. K.R. Bora and elder sister of veteran politician & Member of Parliament Mr. Indramoni Bora. They had 5 sons and 2 daughters.
Chaliha died on February 25, 1971. His wife died on March 6, 2010 and her last rites were performed at the Navagraha Crematorium in the presence of a large number of family members and admirers.