Sir Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
18th Governor of Uttar Pradesh
In office
28 February 1980 – 31 March 1985
Chief MinisterVishwanath Pratap Singh
Sripati Mishra
N. D. Tiwari
Preceded byGanpatrao Devji Tapase
Succeeded byMohammed Usman Arif
2nd Governor of Punjab
In office
11 March 1953 – 15 September 1958
Chief MinisterBhim Sen Sachar
Partap Singh Kairon
Preceded byChandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
Succeeded byNarhar Vishnu Gadgil
Personal details
Born18 April 1901
Parasagarh, Saran District, Bengal Presidency, British India (Now in Bihar, India)
Died1994 (aged 92–93)
Alma materCalcutta University

Sir Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh CIE (18 April 1901 – 1994)[1] was an Indian freedom fighter, diplomat and administrator.

Early life

Singh was born in the Bhumihar Zamindar family of Parsagarh State in Saran district of Bihar.[1] He obtained an M.A. from Calcutta University,[2] from where he also obtained the Mallick Gold Medal in 1925. After returning to Bihar, he joined the national movement, getting elected to the then Bihar Legislative Council in 1927. He was also elected Chairman of the District Board of Muzaffarpur, where he organised relief efforts for earthquake victims of the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake.[1]


He was conferred a Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in New Year Honours List of 1935.[3] In 1945, he was appointed as the Vice-Chancellor of the new Patna University. His contribution to development of a post-graduate course in the university was acclaimed by all.[4] He brought teachers of eminence from all over the country to administer the newly opened departments.[4] Further, his support for the education of girls was highlighted and the tradition continues to this day with three of the thirteen colleges of Patna University being exclusively for girls, and another eight being co-educational with a high percentage of girls.[5] The Patna University Institute of Psychological Research and Service, one of the oldest psychological service centres in Eastern India was founded in 1945 by him. The institute is located at Krishna Kunj. The building housing the institute was donated to the university by the late Sir Ganesh Dutt Singh, an eminent educationist of the state.[6] In 1946 he was conferred his knighthood.[7]

After independence, in 1949, he was invited by the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, to become India's ambassador to Nepal. It was during this tenure that the King of Nepal sought refuge at the Indian embassy in 1950. After completing his tenure in Kathmandu, he was appointed as the Governor of undivided Punjab in 1953. Under his aegis that the city of Chandigarh as well as the Bhakra Dam were built. The establishment of the Kurukshetra University was his dream. He wanted to set up an institute to promote Indian culture and traditions.[8] He was also appointed as the governor of Uttar Pradesh.[1] He was a close friend of Jawaharlal Nehru.[9] Also, Pracheen Kala Kendra, an institution for arts and culture was established in Chandigarh in 1956 with his active support and kind patronage.[10] In 1958, he went as India's ambassador to Japan. There he was given an honorary doctorate from Ohtani University. Unable to continue in that post, due to ill-health, he was forced to come back to India.[citation needed]


Singh opposed the abolition of zamindari, along with Kameshwar Singh of Raj Darbhanga.[11]

Singh was the leader of the pro-establishment landed aristocracy. His speeches from the opposition bench against Restoration of the Bakasht Land Act and the Bihr Tenancy Act by the Congress Ministry during 1937-39 and Sri Krishna Sinha's forceful defence, though they added a memorable chapter in the province's legislative history, marked the division of the aristocracy into pro and anti-Congress factions.[12]


After retirement he became a director of the Reserve Bank of India and the IDBI Bank, and chairman of several companies. In 1977 he was honoured with a Padma Vibhushan for meritorious services rendered to the country.[1]

Singh's focus on the empowerment of women, both in his family and outside, was well known. He supported his daughter, Pratibha Singh, to become a multiple term member of the Rajya Sabha.[13] He was responsible for his granddaughter, Ratna Singh (now Ratna Vira), who topped the CBSE board examination, joining the prestigious St. Stephen's College in Delhi, against opposition from other members of the family. Ratna Vira is a best-selling author and artist,[14] and her first book, Daughter By Court Order, has received a lot of acclaim.[15]

C. P. N. Singh's family estates, that were a part of his Hindu Undivided Family, are the matter of a partition in the Patna civil court. The women of the family as supported by the Supreme Court of India order,[16] among others, have asserted their rights in Singh's HUF. Shri Prashant Singh, his descendent, lives in Parsagarh House in Lucknow.

His grandson, Ashok Harshwardhan, and great-grandson, Aradhya Harshwardhan, are involved in various social welfare programs in their ancestral village, Sursand.[17]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Sir Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh – Governor of UP". Archived from the original on 4 May 2023.
  2. ^ "India Today, Volume 5, Issues 9-14". New Delhi: Living Media India. 1980. p. 41. But late in the day, a new name has appeared: Doon School-educated C.P.N. Singh, 43, the Union Minister of state for defence production. ((cite magazine)): Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  3. ^ "London Gazette". Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  4. ^ a b B K Mishra (17 November 2008). "Other Side Of The Coin". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
  5. ^ "Patna University". Archived from the original on 19 April 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  6. ^ "PU institute falls prey to neglect". The Times of India. 10 February 2002. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  7. ^ "London Gazette". Archived from the original on 14 January 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  8. ^ Yoginder Gupta (12 January 2007). "Critical thinkers must for growth: Datta". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
  9. ^ A. G. Noorani (September 2004). "Nehru's legacy to India". Frontline. 21 (20). Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
  10. ^ Pracheen Kala Kendra (9 November 2008). "Pracheen Kala Kendra, Organization dedicated to art and culture". Pracheen Kala Kendra. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  11. ^ Arvind Das (1983). Agrarian Unrest and Socio-Economic Change, 1900-1980. South Asia Books. p. 188. ISBN 978-0836409673.
  12. ^ Niyogi, Sumanta (2010). Essays on Modern History. Janaki Prakashan. p. 158.
  13. ^ "Former Members of the Rajya Sabha". Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  14. ^ "About Ratna Vira". Ratna Vira. 11 August 2015. Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  15. ^ vishav (27 July 2014). "A daughter strikes back; Ratna Vira literary debut". Deccan Chronicle. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  16. ^ Correspondent, Legal (11 August 2020). "Daughters have equal birthright to inherit property: Supreme Court". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 19 November 2020. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  17. ^ "युवाओं ने चलाया स्वच्छता अभियान". Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.