Bhim Sen Sachar
2nd Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
13 April 1949 – 18 October 1949
Preceded byGopi Chand Bhargava
Succeeded byGopi Chand Bhargava
In office
17 April 1952 – 23 January 1956
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPartap Singh Kairon
Leader of Opposition in Punjab Assembly
In office
Preceded byGopi Chand Bhargava
Succeeded byIftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot
5th Governor of Odisha
In office
12 September 1956 – 31 July 1957
Preceded byP. S. Kumaraswamy Raja
Succeeded byY. N. Sukthankar
2nd Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
Preceded byChandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
Succeeded byS. M. Shrinagesh
Personal details
Born(1894-12-01)1 December 1894
Peshawar, Punjab, British India
(now in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan) [1]
Died18 January 1978(1978-01-18) (aged 83)
CitizenshipBritish India (1894–1947)
Pakistan (1947–1949)
India (1949–1978)
Political partyIndian National Congress

Bhim Sen Sachar (1 December 1894 – 18 January 1978)[2][3] was an Indian politician who served three times as the Chief Minister of Punjab.

Early life

Sachar was born on 1 December 1894. He did BA and LLB in Lahore and practiced law in Gujranwala,[4] which is now in Pakistan. He was attracted to the freedom movement and joined the Indian National Congress party at a young age. In 1921, he was elected as the Secretary of Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee. By the time India gained independence in 1947, he was an important member of the party.

Years in Pakistan

Around the time of Independence, Sachar accepted citizenship of Pakistan and became a member of the First Pakistan Constituent Assembly.[5][6] He later relinquished the Pakistan citizenship and returned to India.

Back in India

In 1949, the Congress selected him for the office of Chief Minister of Punjab. He took oath on 13 April 1949 and served until 18 October 1949.[7] However, bitter factional politics in the state party unit between Gopi Chand Bhargava and Sachar led to the first ever imposition of President's rule in any state in India under Article 365 of Indian Constitution. [1]

The first elections in independent India were held in 1952 and the Punjab legislative assembly was formed for the first time that year. The Congress party won the provincial elections at this time, and Sachar became chief minister again, serving from 17 April 1952 to 23 January 1956.[8]

Bhim Sen Sachar was the father-in-law of famous journalist and former Indian Ambassador to the UK Kuldip Nayar.[9]

After he demitted office (due to internal party politics), Sachar was named governor of Odisha by the union government. He served from 1956 to 1957. He was then named governor of Andhra Pradesh and served from 1957 to 1962.

During the Emergency, he was arrested and sent to jail with some other dissident leaders of Congress party, who belonged to the "old school" of the party and had spoken against the increasing authoritarianism of Indira Gandhi and her son Sanjay.[10]

Personal life

Sachar was married at an early age to a girl of his own community, in a match arranged by parents. His son, Rajinder Sachar (b. 1923) was a lawyer and judge who served as Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court,[11] and was famously the Chairman of the Sachar Committee which produced a report on the status of religious minorities in India. Another son, Capt. Vijay Sachar of the Indian Army, was killed in action in Gaza, where he was serving in the Indian contingent of the UNEF.[12] Veteran Indian journalist, left-wing activist and peace activist Kuldip Nayar was Sachar's son-in-law.


  1. ^ Who's who: Punjab Freedom Fighters, Volume 1. Patiala: Punjabi University. 1972. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Our Governors". Archived from the original on 25 February 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  3. ^ Bhim Sen Sachar Biography, History and Facts.
  4. ^ "B. S. Sachar". India Post. 14 August 1986. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  5. ^ "A one nation theory". Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Constituent Assembly of Pakistan debates". Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  7. ^ Subhash Chander Arora (1991). Current Issues and Trends in Centre-state Relations: A Global View. Mittal Publications. p. 60. ISBN 978-81-7099-307-0.
  8. ^ "Chief Ministers". Archived from the original on 13 February 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2006.
  9. ^ "July 4, 1955: When Indian Police Entered Darbar Sahib with Shoes". 5 July 2014.
  10. ^ Janak Raj Jai (1996). Narasimha Rao, the Best Prime Minister?. Regency Publications. p. 101. ISBN 978-81-86030-30-1.
  11. ^ Punjab ignores, Haryana honours Bhim Sen Sachar. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. 10 December 2004
  12. ^ "Must boost public investment in health, says Narayana Murthy".
Government offices Preceded byC.M. Trivedi Governor of Andhra Pradesh 1957–196 Succeeded byS.M. Shrinagesh