Ajudhia Nath Khosla
7th Governor of Odisha
In office
16 September 1962 – 5 August 1966
Preceded byYeshwant Narayan Sukthankar
Succeeded byKhaleell Ahommed
In office
12 September 1966 – 30 January 1968
Preceded byKhaleell Ahommed
Succeeded byShaukatullah Shah Ansari
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
3 April 1958 – 2 April 1964
Personal details
Born(1892-12-11)11 December 1892
New Delhi
Died1984(1984-00-00) (aged 91–92)
AwardsPadma Bhushan (1954) Padma Vibhushan (1977)
EducationBA, 1912
CE, 1916, IIT Roorkee
Alma materIIT Roorkee (then Thomason College of Civil Engineering)
Occupation(s)engineer, educationist and social activist

Ajudhia Nath Khosla (11 December 1892 – 1984) [1] was an Indian engineer and politician. He was the Chairman of the Central Waterways Irrigation and Navigation Commission of India.[2]

Khosla was born in Jalandhar, and worked as Vice Chancellor of the University of Roorkee from 1954 to 1959.[3] He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1954 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1977.[4] He was nominated as member of the Rajya Sabha the Upper house of Indian Parliament in 1958, but resigned in 1959 and joined the Planning Commission of India.[5][6][7] He was the Governor of Odisha from September 1962 to August 1966 and again from September 1966 to January 1968.[8] He was the president of Indian National Science Academy from 1961-62.[9]


Born in Jalandhar district of Punjab, he took up his early education there. After passing the matriculation in 1908 he took his BA with honours from D.A.V. College, Lahore, in 1912. He then joined the Thomason College of Civil Engineering (now IIT Roorkee) in 1913 and passed out in 1916 as a civil engineer.


After graduating in 1916, he started his career with the Irrigation Branch of the Punjab Public Works Department. In few years, the Indian Service of Engineers (ISE) was established (1919) and he was allotted his first assignment (September 1917– March 1921) for surveys and investigations of Bhakra Dam Project . During this period, he spent 18 months on deputation to Mesopotamia as a commissioned officer with the Indian Expeditionary Force. While serving there (1918–1920) he developed the Khosla Disc for precision levelling across rivers and wide valleys. From 1921 to 1926 he was involved in the construction of the Suleimanke Barrage.[10]

In 1931 Khosla was deputed to the US and Europe to study soil reclamation, water logging and the latest techniques in dam design. On his return he was posted to the Panjnad Head Works of Sutlej Valley Canals.[11] Between June and September 1936 while in charge of the Hafizabad Division, he wrote his magnum opus, The design of weirs on permeable foundation. This publication revolutionised the design of such structures in India and abroad.

It not only lucidly presents the theoretical aspects of seepage flow but also provides a complete, simple and reliable method for design of weirs.[12]


As engineer

As educationist



See also


  1. ^ "Indian states since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012. Ajudhia Nath Khosla (b. 1892 - d. 1984)
  2. ^ "Engineer". scientistindia.com. 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012. As Chairman of the Central Waterways Irrigation and Navigation Commission,
  3. ^ "University of Roorkee, formerly: Indian Institute of Technology (IITR), Roorkee (Rurki) | Colleges in Roorkee (Rurki) Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal)". punjabcolleges.com. 2012. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012. as Vice Chancellor of the University from 1954 to 1959.
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Our Governors Raj Bhavan Orissa". Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  6. ^ Khosla, Ajudhia Nath (Engineer - Civil) Biography
  7. ^ Orissa Government Biography
  8. ^ "Post Held of Dr. Ajudhia Nath Khosla". ws.ori.nic.in. 2012. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2012. Post Held
  9. ^ "INSA Past Presidents". insaindia.org. 2012. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2012. Dr Ajudhia Nath Khosla 1961-62
  10. ^ "Engineers". Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  11. ^ "Excerpts from "A Tribute to Roorkee Luminaries" by C.P. Gupta". IIT Roorkee. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  12. ^ R. Parthasarathy (19 June 2003). "A.N. Khosla (1892–1984): Irrigation engineer, visionary". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  13. ^ "This Day That Age (August 10, 1960)". The Hindu. 10 August 2010. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
Government offices Preceded byYeshwant Narayan Sukthankar Governor of Odisha 16 September 1962 to 5 August 1966 (1st term) Succeeded byKhaleell Ahommed Preceded byKhaleell Ahommed Governor of Odisha 12 September 1966 to 30 January 1968 (2nd term) Succeeded byShaukatullah Shah Ansari