Sachidananda Routray
Sachidananda Routray
Sachidananda Routray
Born(1916-05-13)13 May 1916
Gurujang, Bihar and Orissa Province, British India
Died21 August 2004(2004-08-21) (aged 88)
Cuttack, Orissa, India
Pen nameSachi Rautara
Notable worksPallisri
Notable awardsJnanpith Award

Sachidananda Routray (13 May 1916 – 21 August 2004) was an Indian poet, novelist and short-story writer who wrote in Odia. He received Jnanpith Award, the highest literary award of India, in 1986. He was popularly known as Biplabi Kabi (revolutionary poet) Sachi Routray.[1]


Routray was born in Gurujang, near Khurda on 13 May 1916.[2] He was brought up and educated in Bengal. He married a Telugu princess from the royal family of Golapalli.[1]

Routray started writing poems from the age of eleven.[1] He was also involved in freedom struggle while in school. Some of his poems were banned by British Raj for revolutionary content. He died in Cuttack on 21 August 2004.[1]


He started his writing career through " patheya " (1st poetry) in 1932.In 1943, Routray became very famous among Odia readers when he published Baji Rout, a long poem that celebrated the martyrdom of a boatman boy who succumbed to the bullets of British police when he refused to take them in his rickety boat to cross the river Brahmani. He was a prolific poet and published as many as twenty anthologies. His Pallishri, dealing with village life in Odisha, is as successful as his poem Pratima Nayak that portrays the suffering and the predicament of a city girl. He belonged to a group of writers who called themselves 'poets of the people'.[1]

Routray also published a few poems with religion as their theme.

"Chhota Mora Gan Ti" was written by Routray. This topic is now taught by most of the teachers in Odisha.

Awards and recognitions

Lifetime fellowship (kendra sahitya academi) - 1988 " Mahakabi " samman-1986 - Rourkela, 1988 - Cuttack President - Nikhil Bharat Kabita Sammelan - Kolkata (1968), Rourkela (1988) Sahitya Bharati Award - 1997

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Sachidananda Routray passes away". The Hindu. 22 August 2004. Archived from the original on 5 January 2005. Retrieved 6 November 2008.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ "SACHI ROUTRAY". 2012. Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2012. Sachi Routray was born in Gurujang near Khurda on May 13, 1916.
  3. ^ "Sahitya Akademi Awards 1955-2007 (Odia)". Sahity Akademi. Retrieved 6 November 2008.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Jnanpith Laureates". Bharatiya Jnanpith. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2008.