Mangharam Udharam Malkani
Born(1896-12-24)24 December 1896
Died1 December 1980(1980-12-01) (aged 83)
Occupation(s)Sindhi scholar, playwright

Mangharam Udharam Malkani (24 December 1896 – 1 December 1980) was an Indian scholar, critic, writer, playwright, literary historian and professor in the Sindhi language. He was the pioneer of modern Sindhi dramas. He was recognized as the "Grand old man of Sindhi literature".[1][2][3][4]

Early life and education

He was born on 24 December 1896 at Hyderabad in the landlord family of Raisahab Udharam Malkani. Prof Malkani led a delegation of Sindhi writers for Asian Writers’ Conference held in 1956 in New Delhi.


He joined D. J. Sindh College, Karachi as lecturer of English. He was the president of Sindhi Sahit Mandal (Sindhi literary Society). After the partition of India, he migrated to India where he joined Jai Hind College, Mumbai.[5]

He wrote more than 22 books.[6][7]

He wrote Sindhi Nasar Ji Tarikh (History of Sindhi Prose) for which he received a Sahitya Akademi Award in 1969.[citation needed]

He founded Sindhi Adabi Sangat.[8]


He died on 1 December 1980 in Bombay, India.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "M U Malkani". The Sindhu World. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  2. ^ "35th death anniversary of the pioneer of modern Sindhi dramas Mangharam Malkani today". The Sindh Times. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  3. ^ "A few Eminent Sindhi Litterateurs". Muse India. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  4. ^ Lal, Ananda (2004). "Malkani, Mangharam Udharam". Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195644463.001.0001. ISBN 9780195644463. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Promoters & Preservers of Sindhyat". Sindhi Sangat. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  6. ^ "SINDHI" (PDF). Sahitya Akademi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Mangharam Udharam Malkani 1896 -". Open Library. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  8. ^ "HYDERABAD: Dissidents to boycott SAS golden jubilee". DAWN. 15 December 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2016.