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Vishnu Prabhakar
Vishnu Prabhakar
Vishnu Prabhakar
Born(1912-06-21)21 June 1912
Miranpur, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India
Died11 April 2009(2009-04-11) (aged 96)
New Delhi, India
OccupationNovelist, writer, journalist
Genrefiction, novels, non-fiction, essays
Notable worksArdhanarishwar, Aawara Masiha

Vishnu Prabhakar (21 June 1912 – 11 April 2009) was a Hindi writer. He had several short stories, novels, plays and travelogues to his credit. Prabhakar's works have elements of patriotism, nationalism and messages of social upliftment. He was the First Sahitya Academy Award winner from Haryana. [1]

He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1993, Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan Award in 1995 and the Padma Bhushan (the third highest civilian honour of India) by the Government of India in 2004.[2]

Life and career

Along with his work he pursued an interest in literature. He also joined a Natak company in Hissar. His literary life started with the publication of his first story Diwali in the Hindi Milap in 1931.[3] He wrote Hatya Ke Baad, his first play in 1939. Eventually he began writing as a full-time career. He stayed with the family of his maternal uncle until the age of twenty seven. He married Sushila Prabhakar in 1938 who stayed as an inspiration source for his literature until her death in 1980.[4]

After Indian Independence he worked as a drama director, from September 1955 to March 1957, in Akashvani, All India Radio, New Delhi. He made news when in 2005 he threatened to return his Padma Bhushan award after he allegedly had to face misconduct at Rashtrapati Bhavan.[citation needed]

Vishnu Prabhakar died at the age of 96, on 11 April 2009 after a brief illness in New Delhi.[5][6][7] He was suffering from a heart problem and infection of the urinary tract. His wife, Sushila Prabhakar, had died in 1980.[4] Prabhakar is survived by two sons and two daughters. His sons Atul Prabhakar and Amit Prabhakar decided to donate his body to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi as their father's last wishes.[citation needed]

How he became 'Prabhakar'

He became 'Vishnu Prabhakar' from 'Vishnu'; his name was listed as 'Vishnu Dayal' in the primary school of Mirapur. In the Arya Samaj school, on being asked the 'Varna', he answered – 'Vaishya'. The teacher put down his name as 'Vishnu Gupta'. When he joined government service, the officers changed his name to 'Vishnu Dharmadutt' because there were many 'Guptas' in the office and it confused the officers. He continued writing by the pen name of 'Vishnu'. Once an editor asked, "Why do you use such a short name? Have you passed any examination?" Vishnu answered that he had passed 'Prabhakar' examination in Hindi. Thus the editor appended Prabhakar to his name making it 'Vishnu Prabhakar'.[4]

Bibliography

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Novels

  1. Dhalti Raat, 1951
  2. Nishikant, 1955
  3. Tat Ke Bandhan,
  1. Darpan Ka Vyakti, 1968
  2. Parchhai, 1968
  3. Koi To, 1980
  4. Ardhnarishwar, 1992

Story Collections

  1. Ek Kahani Ka Janam (एक कहानी का जन्म) (Collection of his Love Stories), 2008
  2. Aadi Aur Ant, 1945
  3. Rehman Ka Beta, 1947
  4. Zindagi Ke Thapede, 1952
  5. Sangharsh Ke Baad, 1953
  6. Dharti Ab Bhi Ghoom Rahi Hai, 1959
  7. Safar Ke Saathi, 1960
  8. Khandit Pooja, 1960
  9. Sanche Aur Kala, 1962
  10. Meri Tentis Kahaniya, 1967
  11. Meri Priya Kahaniya, 1970
  12. Pul Tootne Se Pehle, 1977,
  13. Mera Watan (मेरा वतन), 1980,
  14. Meri Lokpriya Kahaniya, 1981
  15. Meri Badrinath Yatra
  16. Khilone, 1981
  17. Aapki Kripa (Short Stories), 1982
  18. Meri Kahaniya, 1984
  19. Meri Kathayatra, 1984
  20. Ek Aur Kunti, 1985
  21. Zindagi Ek Rehearsal, 1986

Poetry

  1. Chalta Chala Jaonga, 2010

Plays

  1. Naprabhat, 1951
  2. Samaadhi (Gaandhar Ki Bhikshuni), 1952
  3. Doctor, 1961
  4. Yuge-Yuge Kranti, 1969
  5. Toot-te Parivesh, 1974
  6. Kuhaasa Aur Kiran, 1975
  7. Tagar, 1977
  8. Bandini(बंदिनी), 1979
  9. Satta Ke Aar-Paar, 1981
  10. Ab Aur Nahin, 1981
  11. Shwet Kamal, 1984
  12. Keral Ka Krantikari, 1987
  13. Vishnu Prabhkar : Sampurna Natak (Part-1,2,3), 1987
  14. Pustak Kit
  15. Seema rekha
  16. Sanskar aur Bhavna

Biographies – Memories

  1. Jaane Anjaane, 1961
  2. Kuchh Shabd : Kuchh Rekhaayen, 1965
  3. Aawara Masiha, 1974
  4. Amar Shahid Bhagat Singh, 1976
  5. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, 1976
  6. Swami Dayananda Saraswati, 1978
  7. Yadaun Ki Teerthyatra, 1981
  8. Shuchi Smita, 1982
  9. Mere Agraj : Mere Meet, 1983
  10. Samantar Rekhaayen, 1984
  11. Hum Inke Rini Hain, 1984
  12. Mere Humsafar, 1985
  13. Rah Chalte-Chalte, 1985
  14. Kaka Kalelkar, 1985

Essays

  1. Jan-Samaj Aur Sanskriti : Ek Samgra Drishti, 1981
  2. Kya Khoya Kya Paya, 1982

Children's Literature

  1. Imandar Balak
  2. Mote Lal, 1955
  3. Kunti Ke Bete, 1958
  4. Ramu Ki Holi, 1959
  5. Dada Ki Kachehari, 1959
  6. Sharachandra, 1959
  7. Jab Didi Bhoot Bani, 1960
  8. Jeevan Parag, 1963
  9. Bankimchandra, 1968
  10. Abhinav Ekanki, 1968
  11. Abhinay Ekanki, 1969
  12. Swaraj Ki Kahani, 1971
  13. Hadtaal, 1972
  14. Jaadu Ki Gaay, 1972
  15. Ghamand Ka Phal, 1973
  16. Nutan Baal Ekanki, 1975
  17. Heere Ki Pehchaan, 1976
  18. Motiyon Ki Kheti, 1976
  19. Paap Ka Ghada, 1976
  20. Gudiya Kho Gayi, 1977
  21. Aise-Aise, 1978
  22. Tapovan Ki Kahaniyan
  23. Pahad Chade Gajanand Lal, 1981
  24. Balvarsha Zindabad, 1981
  25. Khoya Hua Ratan (खोया हुआ रत्न), 2008
  26. Pustak Keet

Miscellaneous

  1. Baapu Ki Batein, 1954
  2. Hajrat Umar 1955
  3. Meri badrinath ki yatra, 1955
  4. Kasturba Gandhi, 1955
  5. Aise Thai Sardar, 1957
  6. Ha-Du-Al Rashid, 1957
  7. Hamare Padosi, 1957
  8. Man Ke Jeete Jeet, 1957
  9. Murabbi, 1957
  10. Kumhar Ki Beti, 1957
  11. Baajiprabhu Deshpande, 1957
  12. Shankracharya, 1959
  13. Yamuna Ki Kahani, 1960
  14. Ravindranath Thakur, 1961
  15. Pehla Sukh : Nirogi Kaya, 1963
  16. Main Achhoot Hoon, 1968
  17. Ek Desh : Ek Hridaya, 1973
  18. Manav Adhikar
  19. Nagarikta Ki Aur

Others

Awards and honours

  1. Sahitya Akademi Award, 1993[citation needed]
  2. Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan Award, 1995[8]
  3. Padma Bhushan, 2004[9]
  4. Soviet land nehru award , 1976 for awara masiha[citation needed]

Both Sahitya Akademi and Padma Bhushan awards were given for his novel Ardhanarishvara (The Androgynous God or Shiva).[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Haryana, Know Your State (2020). First in Haryana. New Delhi: Arihant. pp. Chapter - 1, Page No' - 2. ISBN 978-93-13190-29-5.
  2. ^ Official listing of Sahitya Akademi Awards in Hindi-language Archived 5 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine Sahitya Akademi
  3. ^ Vishnu Prabhakar (Abhivyakti)
  4. ^ a b c Aalekh Samvad, June 2003
  5. ^ Prabhakar's death marks end of an era of Hindi literature (AOL India News)
  6. ^ Vishnu Prabhakar passes away (The Hindu)
  7. ^ Renowned literateur Vishnu Prabhakar dies (Times of India)
  8. ^ Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan Awardees in Hindi
  9. ^ List of Padma Bhushan Recipients

Sources