The Lord Parekh
Parekh at Gujarat Vishwakosh Trust; January 2020
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
10 May 2000
Life Peerage
Personal details
Bhikhu Chotalal Parekh

(1935-01-04) 4 January 1935 (age 89)
Amalsad, Gujarat, India
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
Political partyLabour
ChildrenAnant Parekh
Academic background
Alma materUniversity of Bombay
London School of Economics
Academic work
DisciplinePolitical science
Notable worksMarx's Theory of Ideology (1982)
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory (2002)

Bhikhu Chotalal Parekh, Baron Parekh, FBA FAcSS FRSA (born 4 January 1935)[1] is a British political theorist, academic, and life peer. He is a Labour Party member of the House of Lords. He was Professor of Political Theory at the University of Hull from 1982 to 2001, and Professor of Political Philosophy at the University of Westminster from 2001 to 2009. He served as president of the Academy of Social Sciences from 2003 to 2008.[1]

Early life and education

Parekh was born in the village of Amalsad in the province of Gujarat, India;[2] his father was a goldsmith with a basic education.[3] Parekh was admitted to the University of Bombay at the age of 15,[2] and earned a bachelor's degree there in 1954 and a Master's in 1956. He began his graduate studies at the London School of Economics in 1959, and received his PhD in 1966.[4]


He taught at the London School of Economics and at the University of Glasgow before finding a long-term position at the University of Hull.[4] Between 1981 and 1984 he was Vice-Chancellor at the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda in India.[2][4] He also held the Centennial Professorship in the Centre for the Study of Global Governance at the London School of Economics[2] and a professorship of political philosophy at the University of Westminster.[5] In 2002, he served as president of the Academy of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences.[4]

Parekh has also served on the Commission for Racial Equality (including a spell as vice-chairman) and has held membership of a number of bodies concerned with issues of racial equality and multiculturalism – most notably as Chairman of the Commission on the Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain from 1998 to 2000. The report of this body (often referred to as the "Parekh Report") has been the basis for much of the debate on multiculturalism in the UK in the early 21st century.

House of Lords

He was appointed a life peer on 10 May 2000 as Baron Parekh, of Kingston upon Hull in the East Riding of Yorkshire.[4][6]

Parekh sits in the Lords as a Labour Party peer. From July 2001 to December 2003, he was a member of the Joint Committee on Human Rights.[7]


Awards and honours

Parekh was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA) in 1988, and a Fellow of the Academy of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences (FAcSS) in 1999.[4] In 2003, he was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA), the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and social sciences.[9][10]

He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Essex in 2003.[4] In 2008, he was awarded an Honorary DUniv From The University of Hull. On 11 July 2011, Parekh was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Social Sciences (DSoc Sci) from Nottingham Trent University. On 20 July 2011, Parekh was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy from Edge Hill University.[11] He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws by the University of Bristol in July 2022.

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 2007.[2]

Personal life

Parekh has three sons,[1] including Anant Parekh, they were all awarded scholarships to study at the University of Oxford.[12]


  1. ^ a b c Anon (2003). "Parekh". Who's Who (online Oxford University Press ed.). Oxford: A & C Black. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U30023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ a b c d e Biography Archived 13 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine as the speaker for the Justice KT Desai Memorial Lecture 2009, Bombay Bar Association. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  3. ^ "A lord with a rainbow notion", Times Higher Education, 13 October 2000.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Honorary Graduates: Orations and responses – Lord Parekh of Kingston upon Hull, University of Essex, 9 July 2003. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  5. ^ People – University of Westminster Department of Politics and International Relations Archived 1 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  6. ^ "No. 55847". The London Gazette. 15 May 2000. p. 5315.
  7. ^ "Lord Parekh". UK Parliament. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Google Scholar". Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Professor Lord (bhikhu) Parekh". The British Academy. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  10. ^ Elections to the Fellowship > 2003 > Professor Lord (Bhikhu) Parekh Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  11. ^ "Lord Parekh receives honorary award - News". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014.
  12. ^ Stephenson, Barnabas (25 September 2019). "Man becomes first from Hull to be inducted into prestigious group". Hull Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 1 November 2019.