Jagmohan Singh Dhiman
8 February 1941
Sri Ganganagar, Bikaner State, British India
(present-day Rajasthan, India)
|Died||10 October 2011 (aged 70)|
|Occupation(s)||Music director, composer, singer|
|Genres||Ghazal, classical, devotional, folk, Bhajan|
|Instrument(s)||Vocals, harmonium, tanpura, piano, tabla|
|Labels||EMI, HMV, Saregama, Universal, Sony BMG, CBS, Polydor, TIPS, Venus, T-Series, Magna Sound, Big, Times|
Jagjit Singh (born Jagmohan Singh Dhiman; 8 February 1941 – 10 October 2011) was an Indian composer, singer and musician. He composed and sang in numerous languages and is credited for the revival and popularity of ghazal, an Indian classical art form, by choosing poetry that was relevant to the masses and composing them in a way that laid more emphasis on the meaning of words and melody evoked by them. In terms of Indian classical music, his style of composing and gayaki (singing) is considered as Bol-pradhan, one that lays emphasis on words. He highlighted this in his music for films such as Prem Geet (1981), Arth (1982), and Saath Saath (1982), and TV serials Mirza Ghalib (1988) and Kahkashan (1991). Singh is considered to be the most successful ghazal singer and composer of all time in terms of critical acclaim and commercial success. With a career spanning five decades and many albums, the range and breadth of his work has been regarded as genre-defining.
Singh's 1987 album, Beyond Time, was the first digitally recorded release in India. He was regarded as one of India's most influential artists. With sitar player Ravi Shankar and other leading figures of Indian classical music and literature, Singh voiced his concerns over politicisation of arts and culture in India and lack of support experienced by the practitioners of India's traditional art forms, particularly folk artists and musicians. He lent active support to several philanthropic endeavours such as the library at St. Mary's School, Mumbai, Bombay Hospital, CRY, Save the Children and ALMA.
Singh was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the government of India in 2003 and in February 2014, the government released a set of two postal stamps in his honour.
Jagjit Singh Dhiman was born at Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India (then Bikaner State). His father, Sardar Amar Singh Dhiman, was a surveyor with the government's Public Works' Department and hailed from village Dalla in Ropar district of Punjab.
Educated initially at Khalsa High School and Government College in Sri Ganganagar, Singh obtained an arts degree from DAV College, Jalandhar. There, he began his professional career in 1961 by undertaking singing and composing assignments at All India Radio's (AIR) Jalandhar station. Later, he studied to obtain a post-graduate degree in history from Kurukshetra University in Haryana. Throughout this time, and as a consequence of a natural talent that was spotted by his father, Singh learned music initially from a visually impaired master of Indian classical music, Pandit Chagan Lal Sharma and later from Ustad Jamal Khan of Maihar gharana, who taught and trained him in all the prominent styles of Hindustani Classical vocal tradition such as Khayal, Dhrupad, Thumri and others. Throughout his teenage years, he performed on stage and composed music. Although his father, who was a government employee, had hoped that he would become an engineer, Singh pursued his passion for music relentlessly. Like all parents in Indian middle-class families, his father aspired for him to become a bureaucrat. However, he also encouraged Singh and his siblings to learn music.
In March 1965, and without the knowledge of his family, Singh moved to Bombay, where there were many opportunities for music artists because of the Hindi film industry. He obtained work initially as a singer of advertising jingles and later progressed to playback singing.
Singh was still struggling to make a living in 1967 when he met the Bengali-born Chitra Dutta. She divorced her husband and married Singh in December 1969. Following the birth of their son, Vivek, the couple performed as a singing duo but it was not until the 1977 release of the album The Unforgettable that they found significant, and surprising, success. In the interval, the primary difficulty for them had been that the ghazal music genre was dominated by Muslim artists and especially those from Pakistan.
The Unforgettable, which was the couple's first LP, was an unconventional recording and it turned them into stars. The song "Baat Niklegi" from the album achieved great popularity for the Singhs. The Independent described it in 2011 as "ground-breaking ... it became a transformative, before-and-after milestone in the history of Indian popular and ghazals music. It remains that." Using modern arrangements, it consists of ten tracks that include two on which they sang as a duo and the remainder equally split between Jagjit and Chitra singing the lead. The Independent further noted that "This format of solo and duet performances from the first commercially successful husband-and-wife team in Indian popular music proved astonishingly successful." Jagjit explained that "I was determined to polish up the genre and make it more acceptable to modern tastes, so chose simple poems and set them to simple tunes. I also introduced western instrumentation to make them livelier." Thereafter, the couple worked both on solo and joint musical projects and performed concerts worldwide. There was success from involvement with the film industry and they amassed considerable wealth,.
Among their subsequent duo recordings of the 1970s were Shiv Kumar Batalvi – Birha da Sultan (1978), Live in Concert at Wembley (1979) and Come Alive (1979). Of those released in the 1980s, "The Latest" by Sudarshan Faakir was the best selling album with his lifetime hit "Woh Kagaz ki Kashti...Woh Baarish ka Paani". It was the first album by the duo with poetry of only one Poet. Ecstasies (1984) has also been described as "one of their finest". The joint projects ceased in 1990 when their 20-year-old son, Vivek, died in a road accident. Chitra felt unable to sing following these events. Monica, Chitra's daughter from her first marriage, committed suicide in 2009.
Although Jagjit continued to work and to have success after Chitra withdrew from public life he, too, was affected by the death of Vivek. The Guardian notes that he "suffered from deep depression and his anguish was often evident in his live performances." Aside from occupying himself with solo projects, which he performed in several languages, he collaborated with Lata Mangeshkar on an album titled Sajda, an Urdu word meaning "prostration".
Singh's work in film encompassed playback singing for productions such as Arth, Saath Saath and Premgeet. He composed all of the songs for the latter, as well as for the TV serial Mirza Ghalib that was based on the life of the eponymous poet, Mirza Ghalib.
On 10 May 2007, in the presence of numerous political and diplomatic luminaries at an event held in the Central Hall of the Parliament of India, Jagjit Singh rendered Bahadur Shah Zafar's famous ghazal Lagta nahin hai dil mera to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
|Release Year||Album Name||Songs|
|1 December 1990||Someone Somewhere||
|1 February 1996||Mirage||
In 1990, Vivek Singh (Jagjit Singh and Chitra's son) died in a road accident at the age of 20. This came as a profound shock to Jagjit and Chitra Singh. They gave up music for a full year after the death. At the end of that period, Jagjit returned slowly to music, but Chitra announced her retirement and declared that she would not sing or record any more songs.
Singh had suffered from numerous ailments like diabetes and hypertension during his later life, and had undergone two heart bypass surgeries in 1998 and 2007. A chain smoker for decades, he had stopped smoking after his first heart attack.
Singh turned 70 in February 2011. To celebrate his 70th birthday he committed 70 concerts in different parts of the world. He toured the UK, Singapore, Mauritius, inter alias, in 2011 and was due to perform with Ghulam Ali in Mumbai but suffered a brain haemorrhage on 23 September 2011. He was in coma for over two weeks and died on 10 October at Lilavati Hospital, in Mumbai. He was cremated the following day at Chandanwadi Crematorium near Marine Lines in Mumbai.
A number of tributes have been paid to Singh after his death, and some tried to cash in on his popularity, which was criticised by his wife.
A biography of Singh, entitled Beyond Time based on about 40 hours of interviews with him, was released in 2012. It was transcribed and edited by Ashrani Mathur. A biopic documentary by the name of Kaagaz Ki Kashti has been made on the life journey of Jagjit Singh, who broke through the norms and revolutionised the Ghazal scenario. The film traces the struggle and stardom in his musical career, the love & loss in his personal life and the scope and limitations in the music scenario of the times. The film directed by Brahmanand S Singh is currently available on Amazon Prime Video in India and worldwide.
|1966||Bahuroopi||"Laagi Ram bhajan ni lagani"|
|1974||Avishkaar||"Babul Mora Naihar"|
|1980||Ek Baar Kaho||"Raakh Ke Dher Ne", |
"Phir Pukara Hai"
|1981||Prem Geet||"Hontho se chhoo lo tum"|
|1982||Arth||"Jhuki Jhuki Si Nazar", |
"Koi Yeh Kaise Bataye",
"Tere Khushboo Mein Base Khat",
"Too Nahin To Zindagi Mein Aur Kya Reha Jayega",
"Tum Itna Jo Muskura Rahe Ho"
|Saath Saath||"Pyar Mujh Se Jo Kiya Tumne", |
"Tum Ko Dekha To Yeh Khayal Aaya",
"Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi",
"Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi",
"Yeh Tera Ghar Yeh Mera Ghar",
"Yun Zindagi Ki Raah Mein"
|Tum Laut Aao|
|Zulf Ke Saye Saye||"Nashili Raat Mein"|
|1984||Raavan||"Hum to Yun Apni Zindagi Se Mile", |
"Main Gar Mein Chunariya"
|Bhavna||"Mere Dil Mein Tu Hi Tu Hai"|
|1985||Phir Aayee Barsat||"Na Mohabbat Na Dosti Ke Liye"|
|1986||Aashiana||"Humsafar Ban Ke Hum"|
|Long Da Lishkara||"Ishq Hai Loko", |
"Main Kandyali Thor Ve",
"Sare Pindch Puare Paye"
|1987||Abhishek||"Deewaron Pe Naqsh Banane Ka Hai Junoon",|
"Meri Ajab Hai Zindagi"
|1988||Mirza Ghalib||TV serial directed by Gulzar|
|Kaanoon Ki Awaaz|
|1992||Nargis||"Dono Ke Dil Hai Majboor Pyar Se", |
"Main Kasie Kahoon Janeman"
|1993||Khalnayak||"O Maa Tujhe Salaam"|
|1994||Neem Ka Ped||TV serial (Title song - Munh ki baat sune har koii)|
|Khudai||"Din Aa Gaye Shabab Ke", |
"Ulfat Ka Jab Kisis Ne Liya Naam",
"Ye Sheeshe Ye Rishte"
|Mammo||"Hazaar Baar Ruke Ham, Hazaar Baar Chale"|
|1995||Hello Zindagi||TV documentary (Title song - "Hai Lau Zindagi")|
|1998||Dushman||"Chithi Na Koi Sandesh"|
|1999||Bhopal Express||"Is duniya mein rakha kya hai"|
|Sarfarosh||"Hosh Walon Ko"|
|Pal Chhin||TV serial (Title song - Koi atka hua hai pal shayad)|
|2000||Tarkieb||"Kiska Chehra ab mai dekhun"|
|Shaheed Udham Singh|
|2001||Deham||"Yun To Guzar Raha Hai"|
|Tum Bin||"Koi Fariyaad"|
|2002||Leela||"Dhuan Uttha Hai", |
"Jaag Ke Kati",
"Jabse Kareeb Ho Ke Chale",
"Tere Khayal Ki"
|2003||Dhoop||"Benaam Sa Ye Dard", |
"Har Ek Ghar Mein Diya",
"Teri Aankhon Se Hi"
|Joggers' Park||"Badi Nazuk Hai"|
|Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai||"Aisi Aankhen Nahin Dekhi"|
|2004||Veer-Zaara||"Tum Paas Aa Rahe Ho"|
|STOP||"Dil Tarasta Hai"|
|2005||Aap Ko Dekh Kar Dekhta Reh Gaya|
|2006||Umar||"Khumari Chaddh Ke Utar Gayi"|
|Baabul||"Kehta Hain Baabul"|
|2007||Pyar Kare Dis: Feel the Power of Love|
|2010||Shahrukh Bola "Khoobsurat Hai Tu"||"Bhool Jaana"|
|2011||Gandhi to Hitler||"Har or tabahi ka manzar"|
|Khap||"Tumse Bichhad Kar"|
|author2=has generic name (help)