A. M. Naik
Anil Manibhai Naik

(1942-06-09) 9 June 1942 (age 81)
EducationB. E. (Mechanical Engineering)
OccupationChairman Emeritus of Larsen & Toubro
SpouseGeeta Naik
AwardsPadma Vibhushan (2019)
Padma Bhushan (2009)

Anil Manibhai Naik (born 9 June 1942) is an Indian industrialist, philanthropist and the Chairman Emeritus of Larsen & Toubro Limited,[1] an Indian engineering conglomerate, and a former Chairman of the National Skill Development Corporation.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's 3rd highest civilian award, in 2009.[8] In 2019, he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's 2nd highest civilian award.[9] Naik is also the recipient of the 'Economic Times - Business Leader of the Year Award, for the year 2008. [10]

Early life

Young Anil with parents and sisters
Young Anil with parents and sisters
Mr. A.M.Naik at an L&T workshop
Mr. A.M.Naik at L&T's Heavy Engineering workshop.

Naik is a Gujarati.[11] He was born to a family of teachers in Gujarat, also referred to as Master Kutumb in Gujarati language.[12][7] His father, who used to teach at Hansraj Morarji Public School in Mumbai, heeded Mahatma Gandhi’s call to revitalise India's villages, and decided to return to his native village along with his family.[13] Young Anil had finished five years at his father's school by this time, and the rest of his schooling was obtained from schools in Endhal and the neighbouring village of Kharel.[14] In June 1958, Naik enrolled at V.P. Science College in Vallabh Vidyanagar, where he would prepare for a year for admission to an engineering college.[15]

He graduated with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya Engineering college in Vallabh Vidyanagar in Gujarat.[16]

After graduation, he went to Mumbai with a note from his father introducing him to Viren J. Shah (another HMPS alumnus) working in Mukand Iron & Steel Works Limited to apply for its engineering programme. Due to his lack of proficiency in English, the personnel manager had asked him to improve his English. So Naik started working on his English skills. In the meantime, he joined Nestor Boilers, which was a Parsi-owned firm.[17] Changes in ownership and management style at Nestor Boilers prompted Naik to turn to L&T.

Career at L&T

On 15 March 1965, Naik joined L&T, as a junior engineer.[18] A rapid rise followed. He was appointed Assistant Manager within three years and 15 days of joining – a record at L&T.[19] He was promoted as General Manager in 1986. He became Member of board of L&T Limited on 23 November 1989. In 1999, he took over as the chief executive officer and managing director. In 2003, he became the Chairman of Larsen & Toubro, the first employee in the company's history to be elevated to this post. At the helm, Naik initiated the transformation process that made L&T into a more entrepreneurial organisation with increased emphasis on wealth creation for all stakeholders. In an interview to McKinsey, Naik explained his reasons for the portfolio rationalisation that he undertook.[20] In 2017, he stepped aside from executive responsibilities, and took over as Group Chairman.[21] In May 2023, Naik was appointed the Chairman Emeritus of the company.[1]

Ring fencing L&T

In the late 1980s, L&T encountered a takeover attempt by a large business group (Reliance group) which seized a substantial stake in the company.[22] The management of L&T staunchly resisted these attempts to take over the company, wanting to maintain it as India's premier, indeed only, professionally run conglomerate. The central government, through various agencies, public sector banks, insurance companies, etc., held a large portion of L&T's shareholding. A succession of governments (as many as seven) held office during this period, but L&T's prestige and standing was such that none of them did anything to contravene the wishes of the board of professionals.

Finally, the predatory investor gave up and sought a settlement. In 2002, the predatory group's entire holding was transferred to a different family-owned business house (Birla group). The following year, this shareholding was purchased by an "employee welfare trust" funded and controlled by L&T itself. In this way, the company not only fended off the predator but also fortified its position as a professionally run company by gaining control of a large shareholding.[23] The way in which Naik thwarted the take-over and fortified L&T against such threats has been widely covered in the media.[24]

The matter thus ended in a ‘win-win’, with all parties concerned being happy with the outcome. S. Gurumurthy, currently on the Board of the Reserve Bank of India described the events as a ‘security threat for L&T being converted into a security ring.’ The Employee Stock Options which emanated from the successful resolution of the issue gave financial security to a large section of employees, and allowed them to share in the company's growth.[25][26]

Shaping L&T into a ‘Nation Builder’

Naik's stewardship of L&T is characterised by a sharper focus on sectors of national significance - defence, nuclear, aerospace, infrastructure, oil & gas and power. He has been instrumental in imparting a strong, nationalistic orientation to the company's products, offerings and capabilities, giving rise to its description as ‘the company that is building 21st Century India’.[27][28]

He has retired from Larsen & Toubro Limited on 30 September 2023.[29]

Chairman – NSDC

In 2018, the Government of India appointed Naik the Chairman of the National Skill Development Corporation – the apex body to promote skilling and part of the Skill India mission of the Prime Minister.[30] Making the announcement, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said under Naik's leadership, the corporation apart from its engagement in executing skilling modules, should also be a think-tank providing direction and necessary guidance for creating a demand-based skilling ecosystem in the country.[31] Naik said NSDC has developed a unique model combining skill development with strong industry partnerships. NSDC, under the ministry, aims to promote skill development by catalysing creation of large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions. The organisation provides funding to build scalable and profitable vocational training initiatives. 


In August 2016, Naik announced that he would give 75% of his income to charitable causes over his lifetime, setting up the Naik Charitable Trust for education and the Nirali Memorial Medical Trust for healthcare.[32]

Nirali Memorial Medical Trust had entered into an agreement to set up a Cancer Hospital at Navsari which will be operated by Tata Trusts.[33][34] In January 2019, the Prime Minister of India laid the foundation stone for the Cancer hospital in Navsari, Gujarat.[35][36] The healthcare campus at Navsari will also house a speciality hospital for which the NMMT has tied up with the Apollo Hospitals Group.[37] NMMT also runs Nirali Memorial Radiation Centre in nearby Surat, a multi-disciplinary hospital at Powai in Mumbai and provides modern medical facilities at a hospital at Kharel, Gujarat.[37]

Awards and honours

Year Name Awarding Organisation Ref
2023 Lifetime Achievement Award Economic Times Awards [38]
2023 Lifetime Achievement Award Forbes India [39]
2023 Lifetime Achievement Award Mint [40]
2022 Hall of Fame CNBC-TV18 [41]
2021 EY Entrepreneur Of The Year India 2021 Lifetime Achievement Award Ernst & Young [42][43]
2021 Lifetime Achievement Award Business Standard [44]
2019 Padma Vibhushan Government of India [45]
2018 Lifetime Achievement Award Bombay Management Association [46]
2018 Lifetime Achievement Award Business Today [47]
2017 India's  50 Greatest CEOs Ever Outlook Magazine [48]
2015 Giants International Award Giants International [49]
2015 Businessman of the Year 2014 Award Business India [50]
2015 Lakshya Business Business Visionary Awards 2015 National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai [51]
2014 India Today Power List – 50 Most Powerful People India Today [52]
2012 The Best-Performing CEOs in the World Harvard Business Review [53]
2012 D.M. Trivedi Lifetime Achievement Award Indian Chemical Council [54]
2012 Infrastructure Leader of the Year Infrastructure Excellence Awards [55]
2012 Most Powerful CEOs Economic Times [56]
2010 Asia Business Leader Award - 2010 CNBC Asia [57][58]
2010 Golden Peacock Life Time Achievement Award for Business Leadership Golden Peacock Awards [59]
2010 Harish Mahindra Memorial Global Award for Outstanding Contribution to Corporate Leadership Priyadarshni Academy [60]
2010 Business leader of the Year - Building India NDTV Profit [61][62]
2010 Best CEO of the Year Award Indian Society for Training & Development [63]
2010 Qimpro Platinum Standard – National Statesman Award for Excellence in Business Qimpro Foundation [64][65]
2009 Mumbai's 50 Most Influential DNA [66]
2009 India's 50 Most Powerful People Business Week [67]
2009 Padma Bhushan Government of India [68][69]
2009 Business Leader of the Year The Economic Times [70]
2009 Gujarat Garima (Pride of Gujarat) Award Government of Gujarat [71][72][73]
2008 Entrepreneur Of The Year Ernst & Young [74]
2008 Best Transformational Leader Asian Centre for Corporate Governance & Sustainability Awards [75]
2008 V. Krishnamurthy Award for Excellence Centre for Organization Development, Hyderabad [76]
2005 Sankara Ratna Sankara Nethralaya [77][78]
2004 Lifetime Achievement Excellence Award for 'Best Corporate Man of the Decade' Foundation of Indian Industry & Economists [79]
2003 JRD TATA Corporate Leadership Award All India Management Association [80]

Personal life

A.M. Naik is married to Geeta Naik. They have two children, both based in the USA: a son, Jignesh, who works for Google and a daughter, Pratiksha, who runs a private medical practice.[89]


The Nationalist – How A.M. Naik Transformed L&T into a Global Powerhouse’, by Minhaz Merchant and published by Harper Collins.[90][91]

'Strategic Brand Management for B2B Markets: A Road Map for Organizational Transformation', by Sharad Sarin and published by SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd.[92]

'The Art of Business Leadership : Indian experiences', by S Balasubramanian and published by Response Books.[93]


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