Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi
Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi
Born(1889-04-04)4 April 1889
Babai, Central Provinces, British India
(Present-day Makhan Nagar, Madhya Pradesh, India)
Died30 January 1968(1968-01-30) (aged 78)
Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
OccupationWriter, Essayist, Poet, Playwright, Journalist
Notable awards1955: Sahitya Akademi Award
1963: Padma Bhushan

Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi (4 April 1889 – 30 January 1968), also called Pandit ji, was an Indian poet, writer, essayist, playwright and a journalist who is particularly remembered for his participation in India's national struggle for independence and his contribution to Chhayavaad, the Neo-romanticism movement of Hindi literature. He was awarded the first Sahitya Akademi Award in Hindi for his work Him Tarangini in 1955.[1] The Government of India awarded him the civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan in 1963.[2] For his works reinforcing Indian nationalism during the British Raj, he is referred to as the Yug Charan.[3]

Early life

Chaturvedi was born in a Babai [Makhan Nagar] village of Narmadapuram district of Madhya Pradesh on 4 April 1889. He became a schoolteacher when he was aged 16.[4][5] Later, he was the editor of the nationalist journals Prabha, Pratap and Karmaveer, and was repeatedly incarcerated during the British Raj.[6] After the Indian independence, he refrained from seeking a position in the government, instead continuing to speak and write against social evils and in support of an exploitation-free, equitable society as envisioned by Mahatma Gandhi.[citation needed]

Literary career

His noted works are Him Kirtini (Hindi: हिम कीर्तिनी), Him Tarangini (Hindi: हिम तरंगिणी), Yug Charan (Hindi: युग चारण), and Sahitya Devata (Hindi: साहित्य देवता), and his most noted poems are Venu Lo Gunje Dhara (Hindi: वेणु लो गू़ँजे धरा), Deep Se Deep Jale (Hindi: दीप से दीप जले), Kaisa Chhand Banaa Deti hai (Hindi: कैसा छन्द बना देती है), Agnipath and Pushp ki Abhilaashaa (Hindi: पुष्प की अभिलाषा).[7]


In his memory, the Madhya Pradesh Sahitya Akademi (Madhya Pradesh Cultural Council) organizes the annual 'Makhanlal Chaturvedi Samaroh', since 1987, besides awarding the annual 'Makhanlal Chaturvedi Puraskar' for excellence in poetry by an Indian poet.[8]

The Makhanlal Chaturvedi Rashtriya Patrakarita Vishwavidyalaya at Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh has been named in his honour.[6][9]

See also


  1. ^ Sahitya Akademi Awards 1955–2007 Archived 4 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine Sahitya Akademi Award Official website.
  2. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  3. ^ Rashtravadi Chintak - Makhanlal Chaturvedi. बाद की जिन्दगी में कविता के रूप में हर क्षण अंग्रेजों के खिलाफ शोला उगलता कवि स्वतंत्रता संग्राम का बलिदानी सिपाही बन जाता है। युग चारण बनकर उसका मानव जाति को हुंकारना सिर्फ भारत के लिए ही नहीं है बल्कि पूरे एशिया और यहाँ तक कि पूरे विश्व को जगाने की हुंकार है ।
  4. ^ Personalities Of District PANDIT MAKHANLAL CHATURVEDI at Official website of Khandwa district.
  5. ^ Archived 15 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b About Pt. Makhanlal Chaturvedi Archived 11 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Official website of Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism.
  7. ^ "Poems by Makhanlal". Archived from the original on 2 July 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  8. ^ Madhya Pradesh Sahitya Academi Archived 16 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Department of Culture, Madhya Pradesh Government website.
  9. ^ Foundation day speech G.N. Ray, Official website of Press Council of India.