Ayyadevara Kaleswara Rao (22 January 1882 - 23 February 1962) was an Indian freedom fighter and the first Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh.[1][2][3] He was born in Nandigama village, Krishna district, then in Madras Presidency, British India and now a part of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The Kaleswara Rao market in Vijayawada was named in his honour.

Early life

Rao was born into a family of revenue collectors. He moved with his mother and wife to Machilipatnam where he studied F.A. at Noble College, Machilipatnam. He was taught there by Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu.[citation needed]

Rao and his friends laid the foundation for Andhra Granthalayodyamam (Library movement) by starting Ram Mohana Granthalayam at Mahatma Gandhi Road, Vijayawada in 1911.[4] He was also the founding member of Vignyana Chandrika, a literary society to fund and encourage original literary works in Telugu and also translations from European and other Indian languages in to Telugu.[citation needed]

Career as a lawyer

Kaleswara Rao moved to Madras along with his mother and wife to join the Law College in early 1904 and studied B.L. until the following year. Thereafter, he rejected opportunities to become Revenue Inspector and District Munsif because he did not want to work for the British Raj. In June 1906, he started his career as a lawyer in Vijayawada. On 21 March 1921, on the instructions on Mahatma Gandhi, he left the legal profession in order to take part in the Indian independence movement and never took it up again.[citation needed]

Political career

Rao was the speaker of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from 1956 to 1962.[5]


  1. ^ Autobiography "నవ్యాంధ్రము - నా జీవిత కథ" published by Andhra Mahila Sabha Literary Campus, Osmania University Road, Hyderabad - 500007.
  2. ^ "Kaleswara Rao Market to join the list of mortgaged VMC assets". The Hindu. 14 January 2012. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  3. ^ "Vijayawada Set To Regain Its Past Glory — The Hans India". www.thehansindia.com. 27 December 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  4. ^ "100-yr-old Library Falling Prey to Neglect and Pests". The New Indian Express. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Watching Rowdies & Psychos In Assembly — The Hans India". www.thehansindia.com. 5 September 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.