Haroon Khan Sherwani
AwardsPadma Bhushan
Academic background
Alma materAligarh Muslim University
University of Grenoble
University of Geneva
Academic work
InstitutionsOsmania University

Prof Haroon Khan Sherwani (1891–1980) was an Indian historian, scholar, and author. Maulana Azad National Urdu University had created Centre for Deccan Studies in his honor.[1]


Haroon Khan Sherwani was educated in Aligarh Muslim University,[1][2] London, Cambridge, Oxford, Grenoble and Geneva. At the age of 15, he went to London to pursue higher education. There he went on to receive degrees from both the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford. He was called to the bar two years later. He also spent extensive time studying French at the University of Grenoble in France and the University of Geneva in Switzerland. He became head of the Department of History and Political Science at Osmania University and was later appointed Principal of Nizam College, Hyderabad (1945–1946) and then of Anglo-Arabic College, Delhi (1947-1948). Professor Sherwani was a scholar of Urdu, Hindi, Arabic, English, French, and Persian, and made significant contributions to the study of Deccan history.

Awards and distinctions

Prominent books

Publisher: Munhshiram Manoharlal; 1st Indian edition (1981); 215 pages

This book is a comprehensive study of the political theories of Muslim thinkers. His survey of Muslim political thought begins with the Ideal State as depicted in the Quran. He provides an insight into the working of the political minds of some of the most eminent Muslim thinkers of each era. Alongside the author provides a running commentary about the workings of the political institutions under which they lived in order to find out whether there was any connecting link between their political ideas and the atmosphere in which they flourished.

Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India 1985; 364 pages

Bahmani history covers a very important part of the history of medieval India and corresponds to the period of a unified Deccan. Pre-Bahmani medieval Deccan extended to just half century when the land was governed rather precariously by the Sultans of Delhi, while the two countries between the fall of the Bahmanis and the establishment of the Asaf jahi rule was a period of complete disunion. Perhaps the first attempt at a comprehensive history of a part of the Bahmani rule was made by Professor Sherwani in his book, Mahmud Gawan, the great Bahmani Wazir which was published in 1941. The book was exceedingly well received. The age of Mahmud Gawan forms only a small though a glorious part of the history of Bahmani Deccan which is now being presented to the learned public.

Publisher: Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad, India 1975.

Publisher: Bombay, New York, Asia Publication House 1968.

Publisher: Printing and Publication Bureau, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh (1973)

Publisher: Hyderabad, Deccan; 1962

Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers (1974); 739 pages

Publisher: National Information & Publications (1947)

Publisher: Allahabad: Kitabistan, 1942.

Publisher: London, Asia Publication House, 1967.

Publisher: Karachi, Pakistan Historical Society, 1962.

Publisher: Hyderabad : Deccan, 1936.

Publisher: Allahabad: Kitabistan, 1942

Publisher: Pakistan : Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1955.

Publisher: Woking Muslim Mission and Literary Trust (1957)

Publisher: Hyderabad Printing Works (1934)

Major Translations

Urdu Translation of Adolf Holm's 'History of Ancient Greece'

Member, Committee for the Urdu Translation of the Constitution of India

English Translation of Joseph Toussaint Reinaud's French book entitled 'Invasions des sarrazinz en France, et de France en savoie en piedmont et en suisse' published in 1836


  1. ^ a b "Maulana Azad National Urdu University pays a befitting tribute to Professor Sherwani - The Times of India". The Times of India. 26 August 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Aligarh Muslim University Alumni" (PDF). Aligarh Muslim University. 12 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.