Ruskin Bond
Bond during a book release function in Bangalore (2012)
Born (1934-05-19) 19 May 1934 (age 87)
Kasauli, Punjab States Agency,
British India
OccupationAuthor, poet
Alma materBishop Cotton School
Period1951 – present
Notable worksThe Room on the Roof
Our Trees Still Grow in Dehra
A Flight of Pigeons
The Blue Umbrella

Ruskin Bond (born on 19 May 1934) is an Indian author of British descent. His father, Aubrey Alexander Bond was an officer of the Royal Air Force (RAF) post in India. He studied in Bishop Cotton School in Shimla. His first novel, The Room on the Roof, received the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize in 1957. He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1992 for Our Trees Still Grow in the Dehra, his novel in English. Bond has written hundreds of short stories, essays, novels and books for children. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1999 and Padma Bhushan in 2014.[1] He lives with his adopted family in Landour, Mussoorie.

Life and career

Ruskin Bond was born to Edith Clarke and Aubrey Alexander Bond,[2][3] in Kasauli, Punjab States Agency, British India. His father taught English to the princesses of Jamnagar palace and Ruskin and his sister Ellen lived there till he was six. Later, Ruskin's father joined the Royal Air Force in 1939 and Ruskin along with his mother and sister went to live at his maternal home at Dehradun. Shortly after that he was sent to a boarding school in Mussourie. When Bond was eight years old, his mother separated from his father and married a Punjabi Hindu, Hari. His father arranged for Ruskin to be brought to New Delhi where he was posted. He was very close to his father and describes this period with his father as one of the happiest times of his life. When he was ten, his father died of malaria, while he was posted in Calcutta. Ruskin was at his boarding school in Shimla and was informed about this tragedy by his teacher. He was thoroughly heartbroken. Later, he was raised by his mother and stepfather who lived in Dehradun.

He did his schooling from Bishop Cotton School in Shimla, from where he graduated in 1950. He won several writing competitions in the school including the Irwin Divinity Prize and the Hailey Literature Prize. He wrote one of his first short stories, "Untouchable", at the age of sixteen in 1951.

Following his high school education he went to his aunt's home in the Channel Islands (U.K.) in 1951 for better prospects and stayed there for two years. In London, he started writing his first novel, The Room on the Roof, the semi-autobiographical story of the orphaned Anglo-Indian boy named Rusty; he did various jobs for a living. It won the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize, (1957) awarded to a British Commonwealth writer under 30. He moved to London and worked in a photo studio while searching for a publisher. After getting it published, Bond used the advance money to pay the sea passage to Bombay and settle in Dehradun.[4]

He worked for a few years freelancing from Delhi and Dehradun.[5] He sustained himself financially by writing short stories and poems for newspapers and magazines. On his youth, he said, "Sometimes I got lucky and some [work] got selected and I earned a few hundred rupees. Since I was in my 20s and didn’t have any responsibilities I was just happy to be doing what I loved doing best."[4] In 1963, he went to live in Mussoorie because besides liking the place, it was close to the editors and publishers in Delhi. He edited a magazine for four years. In the 1980s, Penguin set up in India and approached him to write some books. He had written Vagrants in the Valley in 1956, as a sequel to The Room on the Roof. These two novels were published in one volume by Penguin India in 1993. The following year a collection of his non-fiction writings, The Best of Ruskin Bond was published by Penguin India. His interest in supernatural fiction led him to write popular titles such as Ghost Stories from the Raj, A Season of Ghosts, and A Face in the Dark and other Hauntings. Since then he has written over five hundred short stories, essays and novels, including The Blue Umbrella, Funny Side Up, A Flight of Pigeons and more than 50 books for children. He has also published his autobiography: Scenes from a Writer's Life describes his formative years growing up in Anglo-India and a further autobiography, Lone Fox Dancing, was published in 2017. The Lamp is Lit is a collection of essays and episodes from his journal.

Since 1963 he has lived as a freelance writer in Mussoorie, a town in the Himalayan foothills in Uttarakhand where he lives with his adoptive family in Landour, Mussoorie's Ivy Cottage, which has been his home since 1980.[6][7] Asked what he likes the most about his life, he said, "That I have been able to write for so long. I started at the age of 17 or 18 and I am still writing. If I were not a professional writer who was getting published I would still write."[8] In his essay, "Scenes from a Writer's Life", he explains his Indian identity, "Race did not make me one. Religion did not make me one. But history did. And in the long run, it's history that counts."[2]

His sister Ellen lived in Ludhiana with his step sister until she died in 2014. He also has a brother, William, who lives in Canada.

Literary style

Most of his works are influenced by life in the hill stations at the foothills of the Himalayas, where he spent his childhood. His first novel, The Room on the Roof, was written when he was 17 and published when he was 21. It was partly based on his experiences at Dehradun, in his small rented room on the roof, and his friends. His earlier works were written without it being meant for any particular readership.[8][9] His first children's book, Angry River, published in the 1970s, had its writing toned down on a publisher's request for a children's story.[8] On writing for children, he said, "I had a pretty lonely childhood and it helps me to understand a child better."[10] Bond's work reflects his Anglo-Indian experiences and the changing political, social and cultural aspects of India, having been through colonial, postcolonial and post-independence phases of India.[2]

Bond said that while his autobiographical work, Rain in the Mountains, was about his years spent in Mussoorie, Scenes from a Writer's Life described his first 21 years. Scenes from a Writer's Life focuses on Bond's trip to England, his struggle to find a publisher for his first book The Room on the Roof and his yearning to come back to India, particularly to Doon. "It also tells a lot about my parents", said Bond. "The book ends with the publication of my first novel and my decision to make writing my livelihood", Bond said, adding: "Basically, it describes how I became a writer".[11][citation needed]

Being a writer for over 50 years, Bond experimented with different genres; early works include fiction, short stories, novella with some being autobiographical. Later, he tried out non-fiction, romance[4] and books for children. He said his favourite genres are essays and short stories.[8] He considers himself a "visual writer" because for short stories, he first imagines it like a film and then notes it down. For an essay or travelogue, such planning is not needed for him. He feels the unexpected there makes it more exciting.[8] Bond likes Just William by Richmal Crompton, Billy Bunter by Charles Hamilton and classics such as Alice in Wonderland and works by Charles Dickens and Mark Twain.[8]


The 1978 Bollywood film Junoon is based on Bond's historical novel A Flight of Pigeons (about an episode during the Indian Rebellion of 1857). It was produced by Shashi Kapoor and directed by Shyam Benegal.

The Rusty stories have been adapted into a Doordarshan TV series Ek Tha Rusty. Several stories have been incorporated into the school curriculum in India, including The Night Train at Deoli, Time Stops at Shamli and Our Trees Still Grow in Dehra.

In 2005, the Bollywood director Vishal Bhardwaj made a film based on his popular novel for children, The Blue Umbrella. The movie won the National Award for Best Children's film.

Ruskin Bond made his maiden big-screen appearance with a cameo in Vishal Bhardwaj's film 7 Khoon Maaf in 2011, based on his short story Susanna's Seven Husbands. Bond appears as a Bishop in the movie with Priyanka Chopra playing the title role.[12] Bond had earlier collaborated with Bharadwaj in The Blue Umbrella which was also based on one of his works.


Rusty is a popular fictional character created by Ruskin Bond. Rusty is a sixteen-year-old Anglo-Indian boy living in Dehradun. He is orphaned and has no real family. He starts living with his guardian Mr. John Harrison, who is stern and harsh in his manners. Rusty is obliged to follow the orders and rules of his guardian and dares not disobey him. He feels helpless because he knows that if he disobeys Mr. John, he will get caned. He doesn't have any real friends and he finds himself very lonely in his guardian's house.[13] He lives in the European part of Dehradun, but wants to embrace Indian culture and lifestyle.[14] He makes friends with some Indian boys in the local marketplace. He hides the fact from Mr John and continues to go on secret adventures with them. Very soon he decides to run away from the captivity of Mr John and go back to England. Rusty's character offers a teenager's perspective who is battling with his confusions about life, relationship, happiness and love.

Inspiration for the character

Rusty was created by Ruskin Bond to write stories about his own past. His first book, The Room on the Roof, which he wrote at the age of 17, was a semi-autobiographical story with Rusty being the protagonist.[15] It was based on his friends and the time he spent in a rented room, when he was in Dehradun.[16] Most of Rusty's initial years are set in the location of Dehradun, a scenic place in northern India. Ruskin Bond was deeply attached to Dehra and most of his stories are inspired by the hills and valleys of this region.

Novels and short stories featuring Rusty


This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (January 2016)

Collections / anthologies

  • The Shadow on the Wall
  • Rhododendrons in the Mist: My Favourite Tales of the Himalaya
  • A Gallery of Rascals
  • Unhurried Tales: My Favourite Novellas
  • Small Towns, Big Stories
  • Upon an Old Wall Dreaming
  • A Gathering of Friends
  • White Mice
  • A Prospect of Flower
  • Garland of Memories
  • frogs in the fountain
  • Ghost Stories from the Raj
  • Funny Side UP
  • Rain in the Mountains: Notes from the Himalayas
  • Our Trees Still Grow in Dehra
  • Dust on the Mountains
  • A Season of Ghosts
  • Tigers Forever
  • A Town Called Dehra
  • At school with Ruskin Bond
  • An Island of Trees
  • The Road to the Bazaar
  • The Night Train at Deoli and Other stories
  • Co.
  • 1990
  • A Flight Of Pigeons
  • India Book House 1980. Bond
  • A Face in the Dark and Other Hauntings
  • Potpourri
  • The Adventures of Rusty
  • Crazy times with Uncle Ken
  • The Death of Trees
  • Tales and Legends from India
  • Time stops at Shamli
  • A Tiger in the House
  • Four Feathers
  • School Days
  • Ranji's Wonderful Bat
  • The Tiger in the tunnel
  • The Hidden Pool
  • Mr. Oliver's Diary
  • The Parrot Who Wouldn't Talk
  • The Ruskin Bond Children's Omnibus
  • Rusty, the Boy from the Hills
  • The Monkey Trouble
  • Ruskin Bond's Book of Nature
  • Tigers For Dinner: Tall Tales By Jim Corbett's Khansama
  • The Rupa Book of Haunted Houses
  • The Very best of Ruskin Bond -- The Writer on the Hill
  • The Rupa Book of Eerie Stories
  • The Rupa Book of Ruskin Bond's Himalayan Tales
  • The Penguin Book of Indian Ghost Stories
  • The Penguin Book of Indian Railway Stories
  • Face in the Dark and Other Haunting Stories (Collection of Bond's ghost stories)
  • Friends in Small Places – Ruskin Bond's Unforgettable People
  • A Crow For All The Seasons
  • Hip-Hop Nature Boy and Other Poems
  • A Book of Simple Living
  • Love Among the Bookshelves
  • The Eyes of an Eagle
  • Hanuman to the Rescue
  • Kite Maker
  • Henry - The Chameleon
  • Great Stories For Children
  • The India I Love
  • Panther's Moon and Other Stories
  • Rusty and the Leopard
  • The Little Book of Life
  • A Little Book of Happiness
  • The Kashmiri Storyteller
  • A Handful of Nuts
  • The Last Truck Ride
  • Falling in Love Again
  • Memories of Hills and Dales
  • No Man Is an Island
  • Once You Have Lived with Mountains
  • Uncles, Aunts & Elephants
  • Funny Side Up
  • Secrets


Children's fiction





  1. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Meena G. Khorana; Greenwood (January 2009). The Life and Works of Ruskin Bond. IAP. p. 1–10. ISBN 978-1-60752-075-7.
  3. ^ Pant, Neha (19 May 2015). "At 81, Ruskin Bond's tryst with his tireless pen continues". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "The name is Bond, Ruskin Bond". Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  5. ^ Sinha, Arpita (18 May 2010). "The name is Bond, Ruskin Bond". Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  6. ^ Bond, Ruskin (24 November 2012). "Walk the Talk with Ruskin Bond" (Interview). Interviewed by Shekhar Gupta. Delhi: NDTV. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  7. ^ Dhir, L. Aruna (2 April 2018). "The interview that Ruskin Bond called his finest". Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "A Landour day with Ruskin Bond". Business Line. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  9. ^ Zachariah, Preeti (2 December 2019). "How Ruskin Bond keeps the magic of boyhood alive". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 13 January 2020. Though 'Children’s Author' is a tag that he is usually associated with, Bond began writing for children only in his forties. "I was always good at writing about children. But I wrote those stories without a reader in mind",
  10. ^ "My writings reflect my lonely childhood: Ruskin Bond – Firstpost". Firstpost. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  11. ^ Scenes from a Writer's Life. Penguin Random House India. 2017. ISBN 9780140270662.
  12. ^ "Ruskin Bond to do a cameo in 'Saat Khoon..'". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 28 January 2011.
  13. ^ Adya@Youngbookreporters (21 March 2016). "Room on the Roof by Ruskin Bond – review". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  14. ^ "THE ROOM ON THE ROOF by Ruskin Bond". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  15. ^ "Ruskin Bond Brings Back Rusty. After More than a Decade". The Better India. 3 January 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  16. ^ "5 popular books by Ruskin Bond you shouldn't miss : Art and Culture". India Today. Retrieved 30 May 2017.