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Surya Kumar Bhuyan

Born(1892-01-27)27 January 1892
Fauzdaripatty, Nagaon district, Assam
Died5 July 1964 (aged 71–72)[1]
Fauzdaripatty, Nagaon, Assam
Pen nameBhanunandan
OccupationWriter, Lecturer
EducationMA, DLit, PhD
Alma materUniversity of Calcutta
London University
Notable awardsPadma Shri

 Literature portal

Rai Bahadur Surya Kumar Bhuyan MBE (1892–1964) was a writer, historian, educator, social activist, storyteller, essayist, professor and a poet from Assam.[2][3]He has written many books on ancient history, stories, essays, biographies, etc. in the world of Assamese literature. He presided over the Asam Sahitya Sabha (1953) held at Shillong.[4] He was the elected member of Rajya Sabha during 1952–53, and was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1956.

Life history and achievements

Bhuyan was born on 27 January 1892 to Rabilal Bhuyan and Bhubaneshwari Bhuyan at Fauzdaripatty, in Nagaon district, Assam. His mother died when he was young. His father's two brothers, Kankalal Bhuyan and Matilal Bhuyan, as well as Bhubaneshwari Bhuyan, died during the black fever of the late nineteenth century.[1] Surya Kumar Bhuyan was raised by his grandmothers, Pahita and Labita.[5] His father was the Chief District Magistrate of Nagaon district.[1] He began his education at Nagaon but in 1904, moved to Shillong. He graduated from the Shillong Government School in 1909. In 1913,[6] he completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in the Presidency College, Calcutta, and in 1916, completed his master's degree English in the Calcutta University. He started his career as a teacher in Jorhat Mission School. In 1918, he was appointed as a lecturer in Cotton College at Guwahati. In 1936, Bhuyan went to England to work on his PhD at the London School of Oriental and African Studies.[7] Bhuyan became the first Assamese to be the Principal of the Cotton College, Guwahati. After which, Bhuyan began to resuscitate the Buranjis and formulate a distinct past for Assam, against its inclusion within the framework of the Indian state. In this, he continued the work of Sir Edward Gait, collecting historical manuscripts from old families and converting them into a readable format. Bhuyan served as the second President of the Governing Body of Nowgong College.[8] He retired as the DPI Assam and took charge as the Vice Chancellor of Gauhati University.[7]

Personal life

Surya Kumar Bhuyan married on 14 February 1917 amidst studying. He was married to Laksheshwari Bhuyan, third daughter of Binanda Chandra Bhuyan of Garehoga village in Lakhimpur district. The next day after the wedding, Bhuyan handed his wife a book of poems and said, “Take this, this is your property.” Then his wife picked up the book and said, “This is the first nirmali of my life.”[9] The book of poems is named 'Nirmali' from the quotes of his wife. Bhuyan couple had six sons and daughters. They are Parvati Kumar Bhuyan, Bhawani Kumar Bhuyan, Vijay Kumar Bhuyan and daughters Shuwala Bhuyan, Shitala Bhuyan and Kamali Bhuyan respectively.[10]

Literary works

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Surya Kumar Bhuyan compiled, collated, and edited a number of books and articles in the Assamese language. He also wrote a few books in English and Bengali, which include:[7]

Historical books

Biographical works in Assamese

Creative works in Assamese

Books in English

Books in Bengali



Dr. Surya Kumar Bhuyan died on 5 July 1964 at the American Baptist Mission Hospital in Chhatribari of America.[1] At the time of demise, he left his wife Laksheshwari Bhuyan, three sons and three daughters and a few grandchildren.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Life Sketch of Dr. S. K. Bhuyan". Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  2. ^ Brahmaputra Valley Regional Handloom Weavers' Co-operative Society (1991). Silent revolution, biggest human achievement in the world. Brahmaputra Valley Regional Handloom Weavers' Co-operative Society. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  3. ^ Birinchi Kumar Barua (1965). History of Assamese literature. East-West Center Press. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Asam Sahitya Sabha is the foremost and the most popular organization of Assam". Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  5. ^ Nanda Talukdar, Surya Kumar Bhuyan, page 26
  6. ^ Bharali, Hemanta Kumar (2012). Ehejar Bosoror Exogoraki Oxomiya. Guwahati: Banalata.
  7. ^ a b c "Surya Kumar Bhuyan". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  8. ^ "HISTORY – NOWGONG COLLEGE". Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  9. ^ Padmanath Gohani Baroua,ed. Jiwoni songroh, page 310
  10. ^ Vijay Kumar Bhuyan, edit. Mur jiwon dorxon, Dr. Surya Kumar Bhuyan, p.27
  11. ^ Nalini Natarajan; Emmanuel Sampath Nelson (1 January 1996). Handbook of Twentieth-Century Literatures of India. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 28–. ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  12. ^ Bhuyan, Suryya Kumar (1926). An Assamese Nur Jahan: or, a sketch of the life of Queen Phuleswari Devi. Gauhati, Assam: Suryya Kumar Bhuyan. OCLC 39121150.
  13. ^ Bhuyan, Suryya Kumar (1933). Tungkhungia buranji: or, a history of Assam: 1681-1826 A.D.: an old Assamese chronicle of the Tungkhungia dynasty of Ahom sovereigns: marginalie, genealogical tables, bibliog: [front.]. London.
  14. ^ Bhuyan, Suryya Kumar (1947). Lachit Barphukan and his times; a history of the Assam-Mogul conflicts of the period 1667 to 1671 A. D. Gauhati: Govt. of Assam in the Dept. of Historical and Antiquarian Studies. OCLC 4068654.
  15. ^ Bhuyan, S. K (1949). Anglo-Assamese Relations, 1771-1826. Gauhati: Dep. of Historical and Antiquarian Studies in Assam. OCLC 253080457.
  16. ^ Bhuyan, Suryya Kumar (1957). Atan Buragohain and his times; a history of Assam, from the invasion of Nawab Mir Jumla in 1662-63, to the termination of Assam-Mogul conflicts in 1682. Gauhati: Lawyer's Book Stall. OCLC 161437.
  17. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2009)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 May 2013.
  18. ^ "Legends of Nagaon | Nagaon District | Government Of Assam, India".
  19. ^ "No. 37598". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1946. p. 2792.