|1st Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog|
5 January 2015 – 31 August 2017
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Rajiv Kumar|
|Born||30 September 1952|
|Relatives||Ashok Panagariya (brother)|
|Alma mater||Rajasthan University (B.A., M.A.)|
Princeton University (Ph.D.)
Arvind Panagariya (born 30 September 1952) is an Indian-American economist who is the Jagdish Bhagwati Professor of Indian Political Economy at Columbia University and is also the Director of Deepak and Neera Raj Center on Indian Economic Policies at School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University in New York City. He served as first vice-chairman of the government of India think-tank NITI Aayog between January 2015 and August 2017. He is a former Chief Economist of the Asian Development Bank. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the President of India in 2012 for his contributions in the field of economics and Public Policy.
He is the brother of noted neurologist and medical researcher Dr. Ashok Panagariya.
He holds a Ph.D in economics from Princeton University under the doctoral supervision of Peter Kenen and William Hoban Branson  He was the professor of economics at the University of Maryland at College Park from 1978 to 2003. He currently serves as the Jagdish Bhagwati Professor of Indian Political Economy at Columbia University and is also the Director of Deepak and Neera Raj Center on Indian Economic Policies at School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University in New York City.
He was previously Chief Economist at the Asian Development Bank. He has worked for the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).He served as an Adviser to the Board, US-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF).
He was a Non-resident Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution, Washington DC. He has served as a member of International Advisory Board, Securities and Exchange Board of India. He was a member of an Independent Taskforce on South Asia and India sponsored by Centre for Foreign Relations, New York.
He served as an overseas Member, Board of Governors of Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER). He was also a member of Committee on the Center on Advanced Financial Research and Learning (CAFRL) appointed by the Governor, Reserve bank of India (RBI).
His book Why Growth Matters, co-authored with Jagdish Bhagwati, won the coveted Eccles Prize for Excellence in Economic Writing and was listed as the best book of the year by the Financial Times. The Economist described this book as “a manifesto for policymakers and analysts.” His other works include India: The Emerging Giant, published in 2008. It was described as the ‘definitive book on the Indian economy’ by Fareed Zakaria. He frequently collaborates and co authors research papers and books with noted economist Dr. Jagdish Bhagwati.
He was the Founding Editor of journal India Policy Forum launched in 2004 by the Brookings Institution and the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER).
Panagariya’s scientific research papers have appeared in some of the top most journals in the world including the American Economic Review, Quarterly journal of Economics, Review of Economic Studies, Journal of International Economics, and International Economic Review. His policy papers have appeared in the Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, World Economy and Finance and Development.
He is also the founding editor of the Journal of Policy Reform, which he edited with Dani Rodrik during 1996-2001. He is currently an Associate Editor of Economics and Politics and the Journal of International Trade and Economic Development.
Papers written by him for the World Bank and IMF usually promote the idea of trade liberalisation and privatization of state owned enterprises of India for an investment and exports driven economic growth. 
He has appeared on Bloomberg TV India for the show "Transforming India With Arvind Panagriya" He writes a monthly column in the Times of India and his guest columns appear in the Financial Times, Wall Street Journal and India Today.
He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the President of India in 2012 for his contributions in the field of economics and Public Policy.
On 5 Jan 2015, he was appointed Vice-Chairman of the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, the replacement for the Planning Commission. He was appointed India's Sherpa for G20 talks in September 2015, replacing Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu. Panagariya was also heading analysis of the data of the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011.
He gave his resignation as Niti Aayog Vice-Chairman stating that Columbia University has not extended his leave beyond 31 August 2017.
His past books include The Economics of Preferential Trade Agreements, (with Jagdish Bhagwati), The Global Trading System and Developing Asia (with M.G. Quibria and N. Rao), Lectures on International Trade, (with J. Bhagwati and T.N. Srinivasan) and India’s Reforms: How They Produced Inclusive Growth