Shashi Kapoor
Kapoor in 2005
Born
Balbir Raj Kapoor

(1938-03-18)18 March 1938
Died4 December 2017(2017-12-04) (aged 79)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Occupations
  • Actor
  • film producer
Years active1945–1998
Spouse
(m. 1958; died 1984)
Children
Parent
FamilyKapoor family
Honours

Shashi Kapoor (pronounced [ʃəʃi kəpuːɾ]; born Balbir Raj Kapoor; 18 March 1938 – 4 December 2017) was an Indian actor and film producer who is best known for his works in Hindi films. A recipient of several accolades, including four National Film Awards and two Filmfare Awards, he also featured in a number of English-language international films, particularly films produced by Merchant Ivory. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 2011, and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, in 2014, for his contribution to Indian cinema.

Born into the Kapoor family, he was the third and the youngest son of Prithviraj Kapoor. He began his career as a child actor in 1948 with his brother Raj Kapoor's maiden directorial Aag, and had his first role as an adult in the year 1961 with Yash Chopra's political drama Dharmputra.[1] He established himself in 1965 with two blockbusters - Waqt and Jab Jab Phool Khile.[2] This was followed by a period of lukewarm success, with Kanyadaan, Sharmeelee and Aa Gale Lag Jaa being the major exceptions.[3][4] He made a big comeback in 1974 with Chor Machaye Shor.[5] With the success of Chor Machaye Shor, he became the top five to six saleable stars of the period and delivered top grossing films, such as - Roti Kapada Aur Makaan, Deewaar, Chori Mera Kaam, Kabhi Kabhie, Fakira, Trishul, Suhaag, Kranti and Namak Halaal.[6][7] He received critical acclaim for his portrayal of a reckless chieftain in Junoon, a businessman in Kalyug, a strict father in Vijeta and an honest journalist in New Delhi Times for which he won National Film Award for Best Actor.[8][9] The last film to feature him was the much delayed Ghar Bazar which released in 1998.[10]

Early life

Shashi Kapoor was born as Balbir Raj Kapoor[11] to Prithviraj Kapoor and his wife in Calcutta, British India, on 18 March 1938. He was the youngest brother of Raj Kapoor and Shammi Kapoor. Actor Trilok Kapoor was his paternal uncle.[12]

Kapoor as a child artist (left) with Baby Madhuri (Meena Kumari's sister, center) & Baby Shakuntala (right) in the film Bachpan (1945).

Kapoor acted in plays, directed and produced by his father Prithviraj Kapoor, while travelling with Prithvi Theatres. He started acting in films as a child in the late 1940s under the name of Shashiraj, as there was already another actor by the same name who used to act in mythological films as a child artiste. His best-known performances as a child actor were in Aag (1948) and Awaara (1951), where he played the younger version of the characters played by his older brother Raj Kapoor,[13] and in Sangram (1950), where he played the younger version of Ashok Kumar and Dana Paani (1953) where he acted with Bharat Bhushan. He worked in four Hindi films as a child artiste from 1948 to 1954.

Career

Debut and rise to stardom (1961-1965)

After appearing as a child artist in some highly successful films like Sangram, Samadhi (both 1950) and Awaara (1951), Shashi Kapoor made his debut in 1961 as a leading man in Yash Chopra's Dharmputra.[14] This was followed by another release the same year with Char Diwari. Both Dharmputra and Char Diwari didn't do well at the ticket counters.[15]

In 1962 and 1963, he saw minor successes with - Bimal Roy's Prem Patra and Kanak Mishra's Yeh Dil Kisko Doon, respectively.[16] He also made his English film debut in 1963 with James Ivory's family drama The Householder.[17] This was followed by S. Khalil's hugely anticipated Benazir in 1964, which had Meena Kumari, Ashok Kumar and Tanuja in the lead, but contrary to expectations, it was a box office flop.[18]

The year 1965 changed his fortune as he starred in two highest grossing films of that year with Yash Chopra's masala film Waqt and Suraj Prakash's romantic musical Jab Jab Phool Khile.[19][20] Waqt went on to become a massive blockbuster at the box office, receiving praise for performances of the cast, Chopra's direction and cinematography. Today, it is widely regarded as an evergreen classic.[21] This was followed by another blockbuster in Jab Jab Phool Khile which had Kapoor paired with Nanda.[22][23] Like Waqt, it also got positive response from critics, especially for its soundtrack which had many memorable songs, like "Ye Samaa Samaa Hai Pyar Ka", "Affoo Khudaya", "Ek Tha Gul Aur Ek Thi Bulbul", "Na Na Karte Pyar Tumhin Se", "Pardesiyon Se Na Ankhiyan Milana".[24] The film made Kapoor a star and won him that year's BFJA Award for Best Actor (Hindi) for his moving performance of an innocent boatman.[25][26]

Career fluctuations, resurgence and awards success (1966-1986)

Despite establishing himself, Kapoor's career fluctuated from late 60s to early 70s as very few of his films emerged successful during this period.[27]

In 1966, he starred alongside Kishore Kumar, Mehmood, Kalpana Mohan, Rajasree, Mumtaz in C. V. Sridhar's Pyar Kiye Jaa.[28] Pyar Kiye Jaa proved to be a hit, but his other release Neend Hamari Khwab Tumhare again opposite Nanda did only average business at the box office.[29] After delivering decent successes with Dil Ne Pukara and Aamne Samne in 1967, he had a hit with Haseena Maan Jayegi opposite Babita and a superhit with Kanyadaan alongside Asha Parekh in 1968.[30] Kanyadaan also had a super successful soundtrack composed by Shankar-Jaikishan with chartbuster songs, such as "Likhe Jo Khat Tujhe" and "Meri Zindagi Mein Aate", both solos by Mohammed Rafi.[31]

From 1969 to 1971, Kapoor had only one major success with Samir Ganguly's romantic thriller Sharmeelee (1971) opposite Rakhee Gulzar.[32] It received positive response from critics for performances of the cast and melodious music, which had highly popular songs like "Khilte Hain Gul Yahan", "Aaj Madhosh Hua Jaye Re" and "O Meri Sharmilee".[33]

After not having any notable release in 1972, the following year, he reunited with Sharmila Tagore for Manmohan Desai's romantic drama Aa Gale Lag Jaa.[34] The film emerged as one of the highest grossing films of the year, becoming a superhit at the box office.[35] Aa Gale Lag Jaa had a number of hit songs as well, including "Tera Mujhse Hain Pehle Ka Nata Koi" sung by Kishore Kumar, "Vaada Karo", a duet by Kishore Kumar and Lata Mangeshkar.[36]

The year 1974 changed the trajectory of Kapoor's career and marked his comeback.[37] It started with Ashok Roy's action comedy Chor Machaye Shor which also had Mumtaz, Asrani and Danny Denzongpa in the lead.[38] Chor Machaye Shor proved to be a blockbuster in India as well as overseas, putting a line of producers outside Kapoor's house and making him top five to six saleable stars of the time.[39][40] The massive success of Chor Machaye Shor was followed by Manoj Kumar's social drama Roti Kapada Aur Makaan.[41] Roti Kapada Aur Makaan went on to become an All Time Blockbuster and is regarded as one of the most influential movies of its time.[42][43] Roti Kapada Aur Makaan and Chor Machaye Shor took 1st and 2nd spot, respectively at the box office in 1974.[44] Apart from their box office success, both the films had superhit music and were the best selling Bollywood albums of the year.[45] One of the song from Chor Machaye Shor - "Le Jayenge, Le Jayenge Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge" sung by Kishore Kumar became so popular that it went on to inspire the title of Shah Rukh Khan starrer Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge.[46]

1975 proved to be another iconic year for Kapoor as he formed a hit pair with megastar Amitabh Bachchan and together both of them gave many successful and iconic films to Hindi cinema.[47] His first release Anari underperformed, but his second release, Deewaar directed by Yash Chopra, written by Salim-Javed and co-starring Bachchan, Parveen Babi, Neetu Singh, proved to be a major critical and commercial success, eventually emerging a huge blockbuster at the box office.[48] Deewaar is considered one of the best films ever made in the history of Indian cinema and got featured in the book 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die.[49][50][51] Kapoor's line "Mere paas maa hai" ("I have mother"), is widely known in India and has become part of Indian popular culture.[52] Shashi's impactful portrayal of a police officer torn between love for his brother and duty met with acclaim and won him Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor.[53] His next release was Raj Khosla's romantic drama Prem Kahani which also had Rajesh Khanna and Mumtaz in the lead.[54] The film received good response from reviewers as well as the audience and proved to be a hit at the box office.[55] He delivered another superhit that year with Brij Sadanah's action comedy Chori Mera Kaam opposite Zeenat Aman.[56] Kapoor began 1976 with Yash Chopra's romantic musical Kabhi Kabhie.[57] It had a huge star cast comprising of Waheeda Rehman, Bachchan, Rishi Kapoor, Rakhee and Neetu Singh.[58] Despite its heavy theme, Kabhi Kabhie went on to become a blockbuster at the box office.[59] It also had a highly successful soundtrack composed by Khayyam with lyrics written by Sahir Ludhianvi.[45] Rakesh Budhu of Planet Bollywood gave 9.5 stars out of 10 to the album stating, "Kabhi Kabhie will remain an ode to brilliant melody".[60] For his performance in the film, Kapoor received a nomination in the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor category. After the mega success of Kabhi Kabhie, he reunited with the team of Chor Machaye Shor and delivered another blockbuster in Fakira, which was also remade in Telugu as Dongalaku Donga (1977).[61] This was followed by a hit in Shibu Mitra's Shankar Dada and a semi-hit in Mohan Kumar's Aap Beati. In 1977, he reunited with Bachchan for Desh Mukherjee's highly anticipated actioner Immaan Dharam, which took a good initial, but collections dropped afterwards due to poor reception and it ended up as a flop venture by the end of its run.[62] His most of the other releases that year, such as Hira Aur Patthar, Farishta Ya Qatil, Chor Sipahee met the same fate. Kapoor's only successful film of 1977 was Ashok Roy's Chakkar Pe Chakkar co-starring Rekha, Pran and Amjad Khan.[63]

This changed in 1978 when he starred in two of the highest grossing films of the year with Raj Kapoor's romantic drama Satyam Shivam Sundaram and Yash Chopra's action drama Trishul.[64][65] Satyam Shivam Sundaram opposite Aman proved to be a hit while Trishul in which he was paired alongside Hema Malini was a blockbuster.[66] Kapoor also set up his own production house, Film-Valas in 1978.[67] The following year, he reunited with Bachchan for two big-budget actioners, The first one was Yash Chopra's Kaala Patthar and the second was Manmohan Desai's Suhaag.[68][69] Kaala Patthar did average business at the time of release, but gained cult status afterwards and is now considered an action classic.[70] Its song "Ek Raasta Hai Zindagi" sung by Kishore Kumar and filmed on Kapoor remains highly popular till date.[71] Suhaag, on the other hand, was a blockbuster as well as the highest grossing film of 1979.[72] The same year, he produced and starred in Shyam Benegal's art-house film Junoon which also had Nafisa Ali, Shabana Azmi, Jennifer Kendal and Naseeruddin Shah in the lead.[73] Junoon met with acclaim, winning Kapoor National Award for Best Feature Film (Hindi) as well as Filmfare Award for Best Film.[74]

In 1980, Kapoor delivered a hit with Swayamvar, but his other releases, such as Do Aur Do Paanch and Neeyat failed to leave a mark while Ramesh Sippy's mega-budget action crime film Shaan ended up as an average grosser.[75] In 1981, he co-starred alongside Dilip Kumar, Manoj Kumar, Hema Malini, Shatrughan Sinha and Parveen Babi in the historical drama Kranti.[76] It went on to become the biggest patriotic hit of all time, topping the box office chart in 1981 and emerging an All Time Blockbuster.[77][78] He also saw a moderate success in Maan Gaye Ustaad and received praise for his performances in Silsila and Kalyug respectively.[79][80] 1982 was a good year for him as both critical and commercial success came his way with Govind Nihalani's coming-of-age drama Vijeta and Prakash Mehra's action comedy Namak Halaal.[81][82] Vijeta which starred his son Kunal Kapoor in his debut, received enormous acclaim with many reviewers hailing it as one of the best films of the year.[83] On the other hand, Namak Halaal opened to thunderous response from the audience and proved to be a blockbuster with Kapoor receiving another nomination in the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor category.[39][84]

Post-1982, Kapoor's star power began to wane as he shifted his focus majorly towards parallel cinema and limited his work in mainstream films, accepting only few offers.[85]

After a dull 1983, he produced and starred in Girish Karnad's critically acclaimed erotic drama Utsav in 1984.[86] It was filmed in Hindi and English simultaneously, the post-production work of latter version was done in London.[87] The same year, he appeared in K. Bapayya's family drama Ghar Ek Mandir which was a hit.[88] In 1985, he appeared in Babbar Subhash's Aandhi-Toofan and Shakti Samanta's Alag Alag. While Aandhi-Toofan was a hit, Alag Alag fared poorly at the box office.[89]

1986 proved to be a landmark year for Kapoor as he won his first National Award for Best Actor and second BFJA Award for Best Actor (Hindi) for the extraordinary portrayal of an honest journalist in Ramesh Sharma's highly acclaimed political thriller New Delhi Times.[90][91] His another notable release of the year was Shibu Mitra's multi-starrer actioner Ilzaam co-starring Shatrughan Sinha, Govinda, Neelam and Anita Raj.[92] The film proved to be a huge commercial success and also one of the top grossing films of the year.[93]

Final works (1987–1998)

Shashi Kapoor at Rajesh Khanna's prayer meet

In 1987, he reunited with Govinda and Neelam for K. Ravi Shankar's actioner Sindoor which also had Jaya Prada in the lead.[94] He also did a guest appearance in Gulzar's romantic musical Ijaazat.[95] Although Ijaazat flopped commercially, it won massive critical acclaim with many calling it the best Gulzar film till date.[96] On the other hand, Sindoor emerged a superhit and also proved to be Kapoor's last box office success.[97]

In 1988, he acted with Pierce Brosnan in The Deceivers.[98] He also collaborated with Sudesh Issar and Manoj Kumar in 1989 for Akhri Muqabla and Clerk, respectively.[99]

Shashi Kapoor requested Amitabh Bachchan to star in his ambitious directorial debut film Ajooba (1991).[100] Amitabh Bachchan made a notable exception and agreed to do the film due to their friendship, even though at the time Amitabh was not signing any new films.[101] Despite having a lavish budget and a huge star cast, the film flopped miserably at the box office.[102]

Kapoor also won Special Jury Award for his performance in the 1993 film In Custody and played the Rajah in the TV miniseries Gulliver's Travels (1996).[103]

In 1998, he retired from acting after his final film appearances in Jinnah, Side Streets and the much delayed Ghar Bazar.[104] He was seen in the limelight at the Shashi Kapoor Film Festival held in Muscat, Oman (September 2007). At the 55th Annual Filmfare Awards in 2010, Shashi Kapoor received the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award.[105]

Kapoor was of particular note in the Kapoor clan. He has been the solo hero more times (61 films) and also as a lead protagonist in more Hindi films (116) than his nephews Rishi Kapoor, Randhir Kapoor and Rajiv and even more than his brothers Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, his grand-nephews and grand-nieces.[106]

Personal life

Shashi Kapoor with daughter Sanjana in 2010

Kapoor attended Don Bosco High School in Matunga, Mumbai. He met English actress Jennifer Kendal in Calcutta in 1956 while both were working for their respective theatre groups. Shashi was both assistant stage manager as well as an actor for his father's theatre group, Prithvi Theatre. Geoffrey Kendal's Shakespearean group was also present at the same time in Calcutta and Jennifer was Geoffrey's daughter. After their subsequent meeting, the couple fell in love and after facing initial opposition from the Kendals and support from sister-in-law Geeta Bali, they got married in July 1958.[107] They acted in a number of films together, most notably in Merchant Ivory productions. They had three children: Kunal Kapoor, Karan Kapoor and Sanjana Kapoor. Jennifer and Shashi established Prithvi Theatre on 5 November 1978 in Mumbai. Jennifer died of cancer in 1984 which shattered him. After losing her to cancer, Shashi Kapoor fell into a deep depression that he never recovered from.[108] The English actress Felicity Kendal is his sister-in-law.

His eldest son Kunal is married to director Ramesh Sippy's daughter. Kunal moved on to ad film direction and established his production house Adfilm-Valas. Shashi's daughter Sanjana, is a theatre personality and married to wildlife conservationist Valmik Thapar.[109] They have a son named Hamir. Shashi's younger son Karan became successful in modeling and later settled down in London and runs a photography company. His grandson Zahan who is son of Kunal made his debut in Faraaz (2023).[110]

Kapoor was admitted to the Kokilaben Hospital, Versova, Mumbai, for what was speculated to be chest infection, and died on 4 December 2017.[111] According to The Guardian, he was in hospital for treatment from long-standing liver and heart complications, and was always helping other patients.[112] Officially, his cause of death was attributed to liver cirrhosis.[113][114] His body was cremated.[115] Kapoor and actress Sridevi, who died in 2018, were the only two Indians honored posthumously in memoriam at 90th Academy Awards.[116]

Filmography and awards

Main article: Shashi Kapoor, roles and awards

The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil presenting the Padma Bhushan Award to Shashi Kapoor
The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil presenting the Padma Bhushan to Shashi Kapoor

In 2011, the Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan for his contributions to Indian cinema.[117]

Reception and legacy

Shashi Kapoor in 2010

Kapoor is regarded as one of the greatest actors of Indian cinema.[118] Apart from his work in mainstream Hindi films, he is also known for acting and producing several highly acclaimed and award-winning movies belonging to the genre of Parallel cinema, such as Junoon (1979), Kalyug, 36 Chowringhee Lane (both 1981), Vijeta (1982) and Utsav (1984).[119][120]

Kapoor's deep attachment and commitment to theatre which started in childhood remained almost untouched even when he was immobile due to age-related complications. After renovating Prithvi Theatre in the western part of Mumbai, he was able to successfully create an environment congenial for creative pursuits. The lanes that reach Prithvi Theatre especially in the 1980s were not just routes to the theatre. They were a testimony to principles such as clarity of purpose, commitment to nonconformity and alacrity and utmost willingness to be part of creative process which would have enduring value and which would be incorruptible by market forces. Till date, Prithvi Theatre oozes out an infectious creative energy which can compel people to become dedicated theatre artists and earn a decent living. This has become possible because of consistent efforts of Shashi Kapoor who would be present for special theme-based theatre festivals at the theatre.[121]

In 2022, he was placed in Outlook India's "75 Best Bollywood Actors" list.[122]

Works

Further reading

See also

References

  1. ^ "Shashi Kapoor Turns 74". Outlook. 18 March 2012. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ Jain, Madhu (2009). The Kapoors : the first family of Indian cinema. New Delhi: Penguin. ISBN 978-81-8475-813-9. OCLC 890552316.
  3. ^ "Box office 1973". Box Office India. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Worth Their Weight in Gold! - Box Office India : India's premier film trade magazine". Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  5. ^ BoxOffice India.com Archived 20 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Shashi Kapoor Passes Away, Box Office India, 5 December 2017
  7. ^ "Rewind - Greatest Indian Film Sholay Is 43 Years Old - Box Office India". www.boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  8. ^ Trehan, Madhu. "Film review: Kalyug, starring Shashi Kapoor, Rekha, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, Raj Babbar". India Today.
  9. ^ Chatterjee, Saibal; Nihalani, Govind & Guljar (2003). "Kapoor, Shashi (b. 1938)". Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Delhi: Popular Prakashan. p. 568. ISBN 81-7991-066-0.
  10. ^ BollySwar: 1981 - 1990. Mavrix Infotech Private Limited. 14 April 2020. ISBN 9788193848227.
  11. ^ "From Balbir Raj Kapoor to Shashi Kapoor: Here's how the actor got his name changed". Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  12. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Radha (8 December 2017). "Shashi Kapoor: an Actor, a Gentleman and a Man of Integrity". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Shashi Kapoor: The charmer of Hindi films was also a vanguard of parallel cinema". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Blast From The Past: Dharmputra 1961". The Hindu. 6 February 2010. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013.
  15. ^ Shashi Kapoor Passes Away, Box Office India, 5 December 2017
  16. ^ "Box Office". 1962. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013.
  17. ^ James Ivory; Robert Emmet Long (2005). James Ivory in Conversation: How Merchant Ivory Makes Its Movies. University of California Press. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-0-520-23415-4.
  18. ^ "Box Office 1964". Boxofficeindia.com. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  19. ^ Chopra, Anupama (2007). King of Bollywood: Shah Rukh Khan and the Seductive World of Indian Cinema. Grand Central Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-446-57858-5.
  20. ^ Jain, Madhu (2009). The Kapoors : the first family of Indian cinema. New Delhi: Penguin. ISBN 978-81-8475-813-9. OCLC 890552316.
  21. ^ "Waqt: where time stands still".
  22. ^ "Remembering Nanda, the star who worked with newcomers like Rajesh Khanna and Shashi Kapoor".
  23. ^ "From Raaj Kumar, Shashi Kapoor & Sunil Dutt's Waqt To Dev Anand's Guide – Top Bollywood Box Office Grossers Of 1965". 12 May 1965.
  24. ^ "जब-जब फूल खिले' और शशि कपूर के नाम से इस देश में आज भी मिलता है खरीदारी पर डिस्काउंट".
  25. ^ "Top Actors". Box Office India. Archived from the original on 19 February 2008. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  26. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". Bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  27. ^ Shashi Kapoor Passes Away, Box Office India, 5 December 2017
  28. ^ Malathi Rangarajan (17 March 2006). "Away from the arc lights". The Hindu. p. Friday Review. Archived from the original on 13 November 2007.
  29. ^ "Box Office 1966". Boxofficeindia.com. Archived from the original on 22 September 2012.
  30. ^ "From Dharmendra's Aankhen To Kishore Kumar's Padosan – Top Bollywood Box Office Grossers Of 1968".
  31. ^ "Rafi harmonic for charming Shashi Kapoor". Mohdrafi.com. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  32. ^ "Sharmeelee (1971)". Rotten Tomatoes.
  33. ^ "Sharmilee (1971)". The Hindu. 11 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Bollywood Films Remade in South Indian Film Industry | 2nd Edition". 3 December 2014.
  35. ^ "From Rishi Kapoor & Dimple Kapadia's Bobby To Amitabh Bachchan's Zanjeer – Top Bollywood Box Office Grossers Of 1973".
  36. ^ Dhirad, Sandeep (2006). "Filmfare Nominees and Winner" (PDF). deep750.googlepages.com. p. 38. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  37. ^ Shashi Kapoor Passes Away, Box Office India, 5 December 2017
  38. ^ "Chor Machaye Shor (1974)". Rotten Tomatoes.
  39. ^ a b "Blockbusters Of Twenty-Five Years (1973-1997)". 13 October 2023.
  40. ^ Shashi Kapoor Passes Away, Box Office India, 5 December 2017
  41. ^ Kumar, Surendra; Kapur, Pradeep Kumar (2008). India of My Dreams. Academic Foundation. ISBN 9788171886890. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  42. ^ "Blockbusters Of Twenty-Five Years (1973-1997)". 13 October 2023.
  43. ^ Hungama, Bollywood (14 June 2012). "Roti Kapada Aur Makaan: Is it still relevant? : Bollywood News - Bollywood Hungama". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  44. ^ "From Roti Kapada Aur Makaan To Dost – Top Bollywood Box Office Grossers Of 1974". 20 April 1975.
  45. ^ a b "Music Hits 1970-1979". Box Office India. 5 February 2010.
  46. ^ Uberoi, Patricia (November 1998). "The diaspora comes home: Disciplining desire in DDLJ". Contributions to Indian Sociology. 32 (2): 305–336. doi:10.1177/006996679803200208. ISSN 0069-9667. S2CID 146570568.
  47. ^ "With Men Like Shashi Kapoor Around, I Stood No Chance At All, Writes Amitabh Bachhan In Tribute To The Veteran Actor". 5 December 2017.
  48. ^ "Blockbusters Of Twenty-Five Years (1973-1997)". 13 October 2023.
  49. ^ "Deewaar was the perfect script: Amitabh Bachchan on 42 years of the cult film". Hindustan Times. 29 January 2017. Archived from the original on 5 July 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  50. ^ Rao, Sri (2017). Bollywood Kitchen: Home-cooked Indian Meals Paired with Unforgettable Bollywood Films. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-544-97125-7. Archived from the original on 22 February 2023. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  51. ^ "Best sellers". The Sunday Telegraph. 18 April 2004. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 16 July 2007.
  52. ^ "'Mere Paas Maa Hai': The iconic Deewar dialogue that makes Shashi Kapoor immortal". Deccan Chronicle. 4 December 2017. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  53. ^ "Filmfare Nominees and Winner [sic]" (PDF). The Times Group. Retrieved 22 February 2023 – via Internet Archive.
  54. ^ "Collections". Update Video Publication. 10 July 1991 – via Google Books.
  55. ^ "Sridevi - A Very Rare Female Star". 1 March 2018.
  56. ^ Lokapally, Vijay (11 December 2014). "Chori Mera Kaam (1975)". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  57. ^ "Yash Chopra King of Romance". NDTV. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  58. ^ "Kabhi Kabhie (1976)". The Hindu. 16 April 2015.
  59. ^ "The Best Films Of Rishi Kapoor - Bobby Has Historic Numbers". boxofficeindia.com. 1 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  60. ^ "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks Ever – Part 4". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  61. ^ "Blockbusters Of Twenty-Five Years (1973-1997)". 13 October 2023.
  62. ^ "When Rishi Kapoor accused Salim Khan of threatening to destroy his career: 'We created Amitabh Bachchan, who destroyed Rajesh Khanna'". 21 June 2023.
  63. ^ "Chakker Pe Chakker (1977)". Rotten Tomatoes.
  64. ^ "Rajesh Khanna was originally supposed to star opposite Zeenat Aman in 'Satyam Shivam Sundaram' and not Shashi Kapoor – Exclusive!". The Times of India. 29 December 2021.
  65. ^ "Trishul (1978)". The Hindu. 15 August 2013.
  66. ^ "Blast from the Past: Satyam Shivam Sundaram (1977)". The Hindu. 25 September 2014.
  67. ^ "RIP Shashi Kapoor: 10 things you did not know about the legendary actor". 6 December 2017.
  68. ^ "Kaala Patthar (1979)". Rotten Tomatoes.
  69. ^ "Suhaag (1979)". Rotten Tomatoes.
  70. ^ "FABULOUS! Amitabh Bachchan's Kaala Patthar turns 42 years, the mega superstar recalls his first-ever job". 24 August 2021.
  71. ^ "वेब सीरीज़ रिव्यू: द रेलवे मेन - द अनटोल्ड स्टोरी ऑफ भोपाल 1984". 22 November 2023.
  72. ^ "Amitabh Bachchan Archives".
  73. ^ Lokapally, Vijay (10 July 2014). "Blast from the Past: Junoon (1978)". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  74. ^ "28th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  75. ^ "2.0 - Among The Biggest Films Ever Made In India". 27 November 2018.
  76. ^ Chaudhuri, Diptakirti (1 October 2015). Written by Salim-Javed: The Story of Hindi Cinema's Greatest Screenwriters. Penguin UK. ISBN 9789352140084.
  77. ^ "Rewind - Forty Years Of Historic Blockbuster KRANTI". boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  78. ^ "Kranti at 40: Celebrating the classic film with 20 fun facts". EasternEye. 3 February 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  79. ^ "Box Office 1981". Archived from the original on 15 January 2013.
  80. ^ Dharker, Anil (1981). Peter Cowie (ed.). "Kalyug". International Film Guide. Tantivy Press: 178. ISBN 0-498-02568-3.
  81. ^ "Vijeta (1982)". Rotten Tomatoes.
  82. ^ "Raj Babbar Behind the Scenes". The Times of India. 16 February 2003. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  83. ^ C.B. Rao (1983). "Tribute to a Proud Force". Asiaweek. 9. Asiaweek Ltd.
  84. ^ "Top Comedy Nett Grossers - Housefull 4 Tops". boxofficeindia.com. 28 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  85. ^ Shashi Kapoor Passes Away, Box Office India, 5 December 2017
  86. ^ "Of Jennifer and MTR (Shashi Kapoor interview)". The Hindu. 31 January 2005. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  87. ^ "Shashi Kapoor interview". YouTube.
  88. ^ "Worth Their Weight in Gold! (80s) | Box Office India : India's premier film trade magazine". Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  89. ^ "Films that failed to woo the audiences inspite of having good music".
  90. ^ "ANALYSIS: On-screen journos". Screen. 3 September 2004.
  91. ^ Moview Review:New Delhi Times (1986) :A hard hitting Political Drama!
  92. ^ "Ilzaam Movie: Showtimes, Review, Trailer, Posters, News & Videos | eTimes", The Times of India, retrieved 21 August 2021
  93. ^ "Exclusive! Pahlaj Nihlani on 35 years of Govinda-Neelam's 'Ilzaam': Film was earlier titled 'Rampuri' and featured Mithun Chakraborty - Times of India". The Times of India. 28 February 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  94. ^ "Sindoor (1987)".
  95. ^ Gulzar; Govind Nihalani; Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 337. ISBN 81-7991-066-0.
  96. ^ "The Master at His Best". Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  97. ^ "Movie Review". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  98. ^ "James Bond wishes Shashi Kapoor". The Times of India. 17 March 2011. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  99. ^ "Jai Bharat! Manoj Kumar returns to Bollywood". Daily Bhaskar. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  100. ^ "Ajooba (1991)".
  101. ^ Salazkina, Masha (2010). "Soviet-Indian Coproductions: Alibaba as Political Allegory" (PDF). Cinema Journal. 49 (4): 71–89. doi:10.1353/cj.2010.0002. S2CID 73679525.
  102. ^ "'Ajooba' To 'Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja': 7 Big Budget Bollywood Films That Were Huge Flops". 10 June 2022.
  103. ^ Bacon, Matt (1997). No Strings Attached: The Inside Story of Jim Henson's Creature Shop. Macmillan. pp. 150–151. ISBN 0-02-862008-9.
  104. ^ BollySwar: 1981 - 1990. Mavrix Infotech Private Limited. 14 April 2020. ISBN 9788193848227.
  105. ^ "Filmfare Awards (2010)".
  106. ^ "Ever smiling Shashi Kapoor dead". Deccan Herald. 4 December 2017. Archived from the original on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  107. ^ "rediff.com, Movies: Profiling Shashi Kapoor: the icon of suave". www.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 9 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  108. ^ Chhabra, Aseem (2016). Shashi Kapoor: The Householder, the Star. New Delhi: Rupa. pp. 171–179. ISBN 978-8129141286.
  109. ^ "Sanjana Kapoor – The Times of India". The Times Of India. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  110. ^ Ramachandran, Naman (11 October 2022). "Zahan Kapoor on Debuting With Hansal Mehta, Anubhav Sinha's BFI London Film Festival Title 'Faraaz' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  111. ^ "Fans mourn Shashi Kapoor's death, post condolence messages on Twitter - Bollywood News". www.timesnownews.com. 4 December 2017. Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  112. ^ Malcolm, Derek (6 December 2017). "Shashi Kapoor obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  113. ^ Pasricha, Trisha (29 December 2017). "What Shashi Kapoor's Death Says about India's Drinking Problem". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  114. ^ Rhode, Shruti (6 December 2017). "Shashi Kapoor's nephew shares a pic of the legend & it'll make you miss him even more". Times Now. Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  115. ^ "Shashi Kapoor was always the best man, never the groom - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 4 December 2017. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  116. ^ "Oscars 2018: A Tribute To Sridevi And Shashi Kapoor From Hollywood". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  117. ^ "Brajesh Mishra, Azim Premji, Montek in list of 128 Padma awardees". The Times Of India. India. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  118. ^ "Iconic heroes of Bollywood". India Today. Archived from the original on 28 November 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  119. ^ "Shashi Kapoor: Remembering Bollywood's crossover star". 5 December 2017.
  120. ^ "Shashi Kapoor birth anniversary: When the romantic and realist co-existed in seamless harmony". 18 March 2018.
  121. ^ "From 'The Householder' to 'Kalyug', there was beauty in whatever Shashi Kapoor did". 6 December 2017.
  122. ^ "75 Bollywood Actors Who Conquered Hearts Of The Millions". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 16 August 2022. Retrieved 16 August 2022.