24 July 1937
Abbottabad, North-West Frontier Province, British India
(present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan)
|Other names||Bharat Kumar|
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Children||2; including Kunal Goswami & Vishal Goswami|
|Relatives||Manish R Goswami (brother)|
Harikrishan Goswami (born 24 July 1937), better known by his screen name Manoj Kumar, is an Indian actor, filmmaker, screenwriter, lyricist and editor who worked in Hindi cinema. He is known for acting and making films with patriotic themes, and has been given the nickname Bharat Kumar.[A] He is the recipient of a National Film Award and seven Filmfare Awards, in varied categories.
Kumar was born into a Hindu Brahmin family Abbottabad, a town in the North-West Frontier Province, British India (present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). His original birth name was Harikrishan Giri Goswami. When he was 10, his family had to migrate from Jandiala Sher Khan to Delhi due to the Partition
When he was young, he admired actors Dilip Kumar, Ashok Kumar and Kamini Kaushal and decided to name himself Manoj Kumar, after Dilip Kumar's character in Shabnam.
After making a little-noticed début in Fashion in 1957, Kumar landed his first leading role in Kaanch Ki Gudia (1960) opposite Saida Khan. Piya Milan Ki Aas and Reshmi Roomal followed, setting the stage for the Vijay Bhatt-directed Hariyali Aur Raasta (1962) opposite Mala Sinha. Kumar then appeared with Sadhana in Raj Khosla's Woh Kaun Thi (1964), and reunited with Vijay Bhatt and Mala Sinha in Himalaya Ki God Mein (1965). Kumar and Raj Khosla repeated their successful actor-director partnership with the film Do Badan, which was remembered for many reasons, including Raj Khosla's direction, Kumar and the heroine Asha Parekh's performance and songs written by the lyricist Shakeel Badayuni, among others.
In the 1960s his successful films included romantic films like Honeymoon, Apna Banake Dekho, Naqli Nawab, Paththar Ke Sanam, Sajan and Sawan Ki Ghata and social films such as Shaadi, Grihasti, Apne Huye Paraye, and Aadmi and thrillers such as Gumnaam, Anita, and Woh Kaun Thi and comedy film like Picnic.
Kumar's starred in the 1965 film Shaheed, based on the life of Bhagat Singh, the Independence revolutionary. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri asked him to create a film based on the popular slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kissan (hail the soldier, hail the farmer).
The result was Kumar's directorial debut Upkaar (1967). In this award-winning film, he played both a soldier and a farmer. The film was also noted for the song "Mere Desh Ki Dharti", written by Gulshan Bawra, composed by Kalyanji-Anandji and sung by Mahendra Kapoor. Upkaar won him his first Filmfare Best Director Award.
He returned to patriotic themes in Purab Aur Paschim (1970), in which life in the East and West are juxtaposed. The film Pehchaan directed by Sohanlal Kanwar had Kumar opposite Babita and was successful.
In 1972, he starred in Be-Imaan (for which he won the Best Actor) and later directed and starred in Shor (1972). The latter, opposite Nanda, was not a huge box office success on its release, but has gained cult status over the years. It featured the memorable song "Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai", a duet by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh, which was composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal and written by Santosh Anand.
He consistently liked working with actors Prem Nath, Pran, Prem Chopra, Kamini Kaushal and Hema Malini in his career. His closest friends from the industry included Raj Kapoor, Mukesh, Mahendra Kapoor, Dharmendra, Rajendra Kumar, Shashi Kapoor and Rajesh Khanna.
In the mid-1970s Kumar starred in three hit films; Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974) which was a social commentary, featuring an all-star cast including Zeenat Aman, Shashi Kapoor and Amitabh Bachchan. He won his second Filmfare Award for Best Director for the film Roti Kapda Makan. Sanyasi, a religious-themed comedy, starring Kumar and Hema Malini, was hugely successful. Dus Numbri (1976) also gave Kumar, Pran, Prem Nath and Hema top billing.
In 1981, Kumar reached the peak of his career when he got the opportunity to direct his idol, Dilip Kumar, as well as to star in Kranti, a story about the struggle for Indian independence in the 19th century. Kranti was the last notable successful Hindi film in his career. He also starred in the hit Punjabi film Jat Punjabi.
After Kranti in 1981, Kumar's career began to decline, when the films he did with him in lead role like Kalyug Aur Ramayan in 1987 and later Clerk in 1989 failed at the box office. In 1989, he cast Pakistani actors Mohammad Ali and Zeba in his film Clerk. He quit acting after his appearance in the 1995 film Maidan-E-Jung. He directed his son, Kunal Goswami, in the 1999 film Jai Hind which had a patriotic theme. The film was a flop and was the last film Kumar worked on.
He was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999 for a career spanning over 40 years.
His trademark hand-covering-the-face was very popular and continues to be the butt of jokes of latter day stand-up comedians. In 2007, the Shah Rukh Khan film Om Shanti Om featured the lead character pretending to be Manoj Kumar so as to sneak into a movie premiere, by holding his hand over his face. Kumar filed a lawsuit, which was settled out of court.
Like many other Bollywood stars, Kumar decided to enter politics following his retirement. Before the 2004 general election in India, he officially joined Bharatiya Janta Party.
|1961||Kaanch Ki Gudiya||Raju|
|Piya Milan Ki Aas||Maji|
|1962||Hariyali Aur Rasta||Shankar|
|Dr. Vidya||Ratan Chowdhury|
|1963||Apna Bana Ke Dekho|
|Ghar Basake Dekho||Kumar|
|1964||Apne Huye Paraye||Dr. Shankar|
|Woh Kaun Thi?||Dr. Anand|
|Phoolon Ki Sej||Nirmal Verma|
|1965||Shaheed||Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh|
|Himalay Ki God Mein||Dr. Sunil Mehra|
|Gumnaam||C.I.D. Inspector Anand|
|Poonam Ki Raat||Prakash Gupta|
|Sawan Ki Ghata||Gopal|
|1967||Patthar Ke Sanam||Rajesh|
|1970||Purab Aur Paschim||Bharat||also director|
|Mera Naam Joker||David Francis|
|1974||Roti Kapda Aur Makaan||Bharat||also director|
|1977||Shirdi Ke Sai Baba||Doctor / Scientist|
|1979||Jat Punjabi||Jat Punjabi|
|1981||Kranti||Bharat / Kranti||also director|
|1987||Kalyug Aur Ramayan||Pawan Putra Shri Hanuman|
|1999||Jai Hind||only director|
|1992||Padma Shri by Government of India||Honored|||
|1968||Second Best Feature Film||Upkaar||Won|||
|2016||Dadasaheb Phalke Award||Honored|||
|2008||Kishore Kumar Award||Honored|||
|2010||Raj Kapoor Award||Honored|||
|1969||Best Supporting Actor||Aadmi||Nominated|
|1975||Best Film||Roti Kapda Aur Makaan||Nominated|||
|1999||Lifetime Achievement Award||Honored|||
((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link). BollywoodHungama.com (29 October 2010). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.