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Kalyanji Virji Shah
Born(1928-06-30)30 June 1928
Kundrodi, Cutch State, British India
Died24 August 2000(2000-08-24) (aged 72)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
GenresFilm score
Occupation(s)music director, orchestrator, conductor
Years active1954–2000
LabelsSaregama HMV
Universal Music
Formerly ofKalyanji-Anandji

Kalyanji Virji Shah (30 June 1928 – 24 August 2000) was the Kalyanji of the Kalyanji-Anandji duo. He and his brother Anandji Virji Shah have been famous Indian film musicians, and won the 1975 Filmfare Award for Best Music Director, for Kora Kagaz.[1][2] He is a recipient of the civilian honour of Padma Shri (1992).[3]India's fourth-highest civilian honour.

Birth and early life

Kalyanji was born to Virji Shah, a Kutchi businessman in Kundrodi, Kutch, Gujarat, who migrated from Kutch to Mumbai to start a Kirana (provision store). His younger brother and his wife are the husband and wife duo Babla & Kanchan.

He and his brothers began to learn music from a music teacher, who actually knew no music but taught them in lieu of paying his bills to their father. One of their four grand parents was a folk musician of some eminence. They spent most of their formative years in the hamlet of Girgaum (a district in Mumbai) amidst Marathi and Gujarati environs — some eminent musical talent resided in the vicinity.[citation needed]

Kalyanji's breakthrough was with the theme entitled Been music from the film Nagin (1954).[4]


Before joining Anandji Veerji Shah as Kalyanji–Anandji

Samrat Chandragupt (1958)

Post Box No.999 (1958)

Bedard Zamana Kya Jaane (1959)

Ghar Ghar Ki Baat (1959)

Oh Tera Kya Kehna (1959)

Delhi Junction (1960)


Kalyanji's son, Viju Shah, is also a music director based in India.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Awards
  2. ^ "Viju Shah On Kalyanjibhai". Screen. 27 August 2004.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  4. ^ Carlo Nardi (July 2011). "The Cultural Economy of Sound: Reinventing Technology in Indian Popular Cinema". Journal on the Art of Record Production, Issue 5 Archived 15 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine, ISSN 1754-9892.