Mrinalini Sarabhai
Photo by jayraj.jpg
Sarabhai in 2008
Born(1918-05-11)11 May 1918
Died21 January 2016(2016-01-21) (aged 97)
NationalityIndian
OccupationDancer, choreographer
TitleFounder of Darpana Academy of Performing Arts
SpouseVikram Sarabhai (m. 1942; div. 1971)
ChildrenMallika Sarabhai (daughter)
Kartikeya Sarabhai (son)
HonorsPadma Bhushan (1992)
Padma Shri (1965)

Mrinalini Vikram Sarabhai (11 May 1918 – 21 January 2016) was an Indian classical dancer, choreographer and instructor. She was the founder and director of the Darpana Academy of Performing Arts, an institute for imparting training in dance, drama, music and puppetry, in the city of Ahmedabad.[1] She received Padma Bhushan in 1992 and Padma Shri in 1965. She also received many other citations in recognition of her contribution to art.

Biography

Early life and education

Mrinalini was born to a Tamil Brahmin father and Malayali Nair mother[2] in present-day Kerala on 11 May 1918.[3] Her parents were Subbarama Swaminathan, a distinguished lawyer with degrees from Harvard and London Universities, practised criminal law at Madras High Court, and A.V. Ammukutty, better known as Ammu Swaminathan, a social worker, an independence activist, and later a parliamentarian. She attended a boarding school in Switzerland for two years, where, she received her first lessons in the Dalcroze school, a Western technique of dance movements.[4] She was educated at Shantiniketan under the guidance of Rabindranath Tagore where she realised her true calling. She then went for a short time to the United States where she enrolled in the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. On returning to India, she began her training in the south Indian classical dance form of Bharatanatyam under Meenakshisundaram Pillai and the classical dance-drama of Kathakali under the legendary Guru Thakazhi Kunchu Kurup.[5]

Marriage and the following years

Mrinalini married the Indian physicist Vikram Sarabhai who is considered to be the Father of the Indian Space Program in 1942. She has a son, Kartikeya and a daughter Mallika who too went on to attain fame in dance and theatre. Mrinalini founded Darpana in Ahmedabad in 1948. A year later, she performed at the Théâtre national de Chaillot in Paris.[citation needed]

Mrinalini and Vikram had a troubled marriage. According to biographer Amrita Shah, Vikram Sarabhai had a void in his personal life he sought to fill by dedicating himself to applying science for social good.[6]

Other areas of contribution

Besides choreographing more than three hundred dance dramas, she has also written many novels, poetry, plays and stories for children. She was the chairperson of the Gujarat State Handicrafts and Handloom Development Corporation Ltd. She was also one of the trustees of the Sarvodaya International Trust, an organisation for promotion of Gandhian ideals, and was also the chairperson of the Nehru Foundation for Development (NFD).[7] Her autobiography is titled Mrinalini Sarabhai: The Voice of the Heart.[8]

Family

Her father, Subbarama Swaminathan was a barrister at the Madras High Court and principal of the Madras Law College. Her mother was Ammu Swaminathan. Her elder sister Lakshmi Sehgal was the commander-in-chief of Subhas Chandra Bose's 'Rani of Jhansi Regiment' of the Indian National Army ( Azad Hind Fauj).[citation needed] Her elder brother, Govind Swaminathan, was a barrister who practised in Madras as a specialist in constitutional and criminal law apart from civil law and company law; he was the attorney general for Madras State (now Tamil Nadu).[citation needed]

Death

She was admitted to hospital on 20 January 2016 and died the next day at the age of 97.[9]

Awards and recognition

C. K. Mehta presenting the Dhirubhai Thakar Savyasachi Saraswat Award to Mrinalini Sarabhai on 27 June 2014
C. K. Mehta presenting the Dhirubhai Thakar Savyasachi Saraswat Award to Mrinalini Sarabhai on 27 June 2014

Mrinalini Sarabhai has been awarded by the Indian government with the national civilian awards Padma Bhushan in 1992 and the Padma Shri in 1965.[10] She was honoured with the Degree of Doctor of Letters, honoris causa (LittD) by the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK in 1997. She was also the first Indian to receive the medal and Diploma of the French association Archives Internationales de la Danse. She was nominated to the Executive Committee of the International Dance Council, Paris in 1990[1] and awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, New Delhi in 1994. She was presented with a gold medal by the Mexican Government for her choreography for the Ballet Folklorico of Mexico.[citation needed]

The Darpana Academy of Performing Arts celebrated its golden jubilee on 28 December 1998, with the announcement of the annual "Mrinalini Sarabhai Award for Classical Excellence", in the field of classical dance.[11][12]

Mrinalini Sarabhai: The Artist and Her Art, a documentary film based on her life released in 2012. It was directed by Yadavan Chandran and produced by the Public Service Broadcasting Trust.[13]

She was the first recipient of the Nishagandhi Puraskaram, an annual award of the Government of Kerala. The award was presented in 2013.[14] She was awarded the Dhirubhai Thakar Savyasachi Saraswat Award in 2014.[15]

On 11 May 2018, Google Doodle commemorated her 100th birthday.[16]

In popular culture

Regina Cassandra portrayed her in Sony LIV's series Rocket Boys based on the life of Vikram Sarabhai and Homi J. Bhabha.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust (1993). Challenges of the twenty-first century: Conference 1991. Taylor & Francis. p. 375. ISBN 81-224-0488-X.
  2. ^ "On World Dance Day: The Women who embody grace". www.shethepeople.tv. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  3. ^ Debra Craine and Judith Mackrell (2010). The Oxford Dictionary of Dance. Oxford: University Press. p. 396. ISBN 0199563446.
  4. ^ "First step, first love". Indian Express. 9 December 2002. Archived from the original on 22 April 2004.((cite news)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  5. ^ "Mrinalini & Sanjay: Children Of Indian Spring, Masters Of Global Bloom". www.outlookindia.com/. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  6. ^ Amrita Shah (2007) Vikram Sarabhai: A Life. Penguin Viking. ISBN 0-670-99951-2
  7. ^ Nehru Foundation for Development. Rizvi shabib .org
  8. ^ Mrinalini Sarabhai (2004). The Voice of the Heart: An Autobiography. HarperCollins Publishers India, a joint venture with India Today Group. ISBN 978-81-7223-475-1.
  9. ^ "Mrinalini Sarabhai passes away". The Hindu. 21 January 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Tradition takes over". Indian Express. 26 December 1998. Retrieved 20 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Google Doodle celebrates legendary dancer Mrinalini Sarabhai". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Mrinalini Sarabhai: The Artist and her Art". PSBT India. 21 October 2014. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  14. ^ "Nishagandhi Puraskaram for Mrinalini Sarabhai". The Hindu. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  15. ^ "K G Subramanyan awarded Savyasachi Award". The Times of India. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
  16. ^ "Mrinalini Sarabhai's 100th Birthday". Google.com. 11 May 2018.